# ALEX Classroom Resource

## Simple Machines StudyJam

Classroom Resource Information

Title:

Simple Machines StudyJam

URL:

https://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/forces-and-motion/simple-machines.htm

Content Source:

Other
http://studyjams.scholastic.com/
Type: Interactive/Game

Overview:

Simple machines decrease the force, or effort, needed to lift and move heavy objects. There are several different types of simple machines, including levers, wheels and axles, pulleys, inclined planes, wedges, and screws.

The classroom resource provides a slide show that will explain the different types of simple machines and how they work. This resource can provide background information for students before they conduct their own investigations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.

Content Standard(s):
 Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: K 2 ) Use observations and data from investigations to determine if a design solution (e.g., designing a ramp to increase the speed of an object in order to move a stationary object) solves the problem of using force to change the speed or direction of an object.* NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.13: An object is in motion when its position is changing. The speed of an object is defined by how far it travels divided by the amount of time it took to travel that far. NAEP Statement:: P4.14: The motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling. The size of the change is related to the size of the force (push or pull) and the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is exerted. When an object does not move in response to a push or a pull, it is because another push or pull (friction) is being applied by the environment. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Analyzing and Interpreting DataCrosscutting Concepts: Cause and EffectDisciplinary Core Idea: Motion and Stability: Forces and InteractionsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Use observations from investigations to determine if a design solution causes the intended change in the speed or direction of the motion of the object. Use data from investigations to determine if a design solution solves a problem of using a push or pull to change an object's motion. Describe the goal of the design solution.Teacher Vocabulary:Force Speed Direction Data Observe Describe Engineering Investigation Ask Imagine Plan Create Improve SolutionKnowledge:Students know: The relative speed or direction of the object before a push or pull is applied (e.g., faster, slower). The relative speed or direction of the object after a push or pull is applied. How the relative strength of a push or pull affects the speed or direction of an object (e.g., harder, softer).Skills:Students are able to: Conduct an investigation. Collect and record observations from tests of an object or tool to determine if it works as intended. Organize information in a usable format. Analyze data from tests to determine change in speed or direction.Understanding:Students understand that: Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute ideas about the effects on the motion of the object caused by changes in the strength or direction of the pushes and pulls.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Push and Pull *Balls and Ramps, Insights *Sidewalk Safety, ETA/hand2mind Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.K.2- Observe the movement of objects in a variety of real-world environments.
Tags: axle, design solution, direction, force, fulcrum, inclined plane, lever, pulley, ramp, simple machine, speed, wheel
License Type: Custom Permission Type
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