Millions of years of heat and pressure turned the fossils of dead plants and animals into deposits of fuel, such as oil, natural gas, and coal. Fossil fuels are a non-renewable resource, and they create pollution, so it is important to conserve them.
The classroom resource provides a slide show that will describe fossil fuels and explain how they are formed. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.
5 ) Compile information to describe how the use of energy derived from natural
renewable and nonrenewable resources affects the environment (e.g., constructing
dams to harness energy from water, a renewable resource, while causing a loss of
animal habitats; burning of fossil fuels, a nonrenewable resource, while causing
an increase in air pollution; installing solar panels to harness energy from the
sun, a renewable resource, while requiring specialized materials that
Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
Earth and Space Science
10 ) Use research-based evidence to propose a scientific explanation regarding
how the distribution of Earth's resources such as minerals, fossil fuels, and
groundwater are the result of ongoing geoscience processes (e.g., past volcanic
and hydrothermal activity, burial of organic sediments, active weathering of
coal, conservation, energy, fossil fuels, natural gas, nonrenewable resources, oil, pollution, renewable resources