ALEX Classroom Resource

Electricity StudyJam

Classroom Resource Information

Title:

Electricity StudyJam

URL:

https://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/energy-light-sound/electricity.htm

Content Source:

Other
http://studyjams.scholastic.com/
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

Electricity is a form of power that is produced by the movement of electrons. Static electricity and lightning are natural forms of electricity, and they occur when electrons jump from one object to another.

The classroom resource provides a video that will introduce students to the different types of electricity. This resource can provide background information for students before they conduct their own investigations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.

Content Standard(s):
 Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 3 3 ) Explore objects that can be manipulated in order to determine cause-and-effect relationships (e.g., distance between objects affecting strength of a force, orientation of magnets affecting direction of a magnetic force) of electric interactions between two objects not in contact with one another (e.g., force on hair from an electrically charged balloon, electrical forces between a charged rod and pieces of paper) or magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with one another (e.g., force between two permanent magnets or between an electromagnet and steel paperclips, force exerted by one magnet versus the force exerted by two magnets). NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.5: Magnets can repel or attract other magnets. They can also attract certain nonmagnetic objects at a distance. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Asking Questions and Defining ProblemsCrosscutting Concepts: Cause and EffectDisciplinary Core Idea: Motion and Stability: Forces and InteractionsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Observe and manipulate objects to identify cause and effect relationships of electrical interactions between two objects not in contact with one another. Observe and manipulate objects to identify cause and effect relationships of magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with one another.Teacher Vocabulary:Explore Manipulate Cause and Effect Electrical Interactions Magnetic Interactions Magnet Repel AttractKnowledge:Students know: The size of the force can affect the electrical and magnetic interaction of two objects not in contact with one another. The orientation of magnets can affect the magnetic interaction of two objects not in contact with one another. The repulsion or attraction of magnets can affect the magnetic interaction of two objects not in contact with one another. The presence of a magnet and the force the magnet exerts on other objects affects the magnetic force of two objects not in contact with one another. The electrical charge of an object can affect the electrical force of two objects not in contact with one another.Skills:Students are able to: Explore electrical interactions between two objects not in contact with one another. Explore magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with one another. Determine cause-and-effect relationships of electrical interactions between two objects not in contact with one another. Determine cause-and-effect relationships of magnetic interactions not in contact with one another.Understanding:Students understand that: Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change. Magnetic and electrical forces affect the way objects interact.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Forces and Investigations Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.3.3- Recognize cause-and-effect relationships of magnetic interactions between two objects (opposite poles attract, similar poles repel). Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 4 2 ) Plan and carry out investigations that explain transference of energy from place to place by sound, light, heat, and electric currents. a. Provide evidence that heat can be produced in many ways (e.g., rubbing hands together, burning leaves) and can move from one object to another by conduction. b. Demonstrate that different objects can absorb, reflect, and/or conduct energy. c. Demonstrate that electric circuits require a complete loop through which an electric current can pass. NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.11: Electricity flowing through an electrical circuit produces magnetic effects in the wires. In an electrical circuit containing a battery, a bulb, and a bell, energy from the battery is transferred to the bulb and the bell, which in turn transfer the energy to their surroundings as light, sound, and heat (thermal energy). NAEP Statement:: P4.2: Objects vary in the extent to which they absorb and reflect light and conduct heat (thermal energy) and electricity. NAEP Statement:: P4.7: Heat (thermal energy), electricity, light, and sound are forms of energy.§ NAEP Statement:: P4.8: Heat (thermal energy) results when substances burn, when certain kinds of materials rub against each other, and when electricity flows though wires. Metals are good conductors of heat (thermal energy) and electricity. Increasing the temperature of any substance requires the addition of energy. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Planning and Carrying out Investigations; Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions; Developing and Using ModelsCrosscutting Concepts: Energy and MatterDisciplinary Core Idea: EnergyEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Plan and carry out investigations that explain transference of energy from place to place by sound. Plan and carry out investigations that explain transference of energy from place to place by light. Plan and carry out investigations that explain transference of energy from place to place by heat. Plan and carry out investigations that explain transference of energy from place to place by electric currents. Provide evidence that heat can be produced in many ways. Provide evidence that heat can move from one object to another by conduction. Demonstrate that different objects can absorb energy. Demonstrate that different objects can reflect energy. Demonstrate that different objects can conduct energy. Demonstrate that electric circuits require a complete loop for the electric current to pass through.Teacher Vocabulary:Construct Transfer Energy Potential energy Kinetic energy Friction Conduction Absorb Reflect Circuit Open circuit Close circuit Heat Radiation Convection Collision Motion Electrical energy Stored energyKnowledge:Students know: Energy is present whenever there are moving objects, sound, light, or heat. The transfer of energy, including the following: Collisions between objects. Light traveling from one place to another. Electric currents producing motion, sound, heat, or light. Sound traveling from one place to another. Heat passing from one object to another. Motion, sound, heat, and light causing a different type of energy to be observed after an interaction. Heat is produced in many ways. Heat can move via conduction. The properties of different objects cause them to be able to absorb, reflect, and/or conduct energy. Electric currents pass through a circuit.Skills:Students are able to: Collaboratively plan and carry out an investigation that converts energy one form to another. Identify the phenomenon. Identify the evidence to address the purpose of the investigation. Collect the data. Construct an explanation using evidence about heat production. Develop a model demonstrating that different objects can absorb, reflect, and/or conduct energy. Develop a model demonstrating electric circuits.Understanding:Students understand that: Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects. Heat energy can be produced in many ways. The properties of objects, e.g. ability to absorb, reflect, or conduct energy, relate to their function. Electric energy can be transferred through circuits.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Energy and Waves Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.4.2- Recognize different sources of heat; Identify materials that are conductors of heat, such as metals. Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 4 4 ) Design, construct, and test a device that changes energy from one form to another (e.g., electric circuits converting electrical energy into motion, light, or sound energy; a passive solar heater converting light energy into heat energy).* NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.11: Electricity flowing through an electrical circuit produces magnetic effects in the wires. In an electrical circuit containing a battery, a bulb, and a bell, energy from the battery is transferred to the bulb and the bell, which in turn transfer the energy to their surroundings as light, sound, and heat (thermal energy). NAEP Statement:: P4.7: Heat (thermal energy), electricity, light, and sound are forms of energy.§ NAEP Statement:: P4.8: Heat (thermal energy) results when substances burn, when certain kinds of materials rub against each other, and when electricity flows though wires. Metals are good conductors of heat (thermal energy) and electricity. Increasing the temperature of any substance requires the addition of energy. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Constructing Explanations and Designing SolutionsCrosscutting Concepts: Energy and MatterDisciplinary Core Idea: EnergyEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Given a problem to solve, students collaboratively design a device that converts energy from one form to another. In the design, students: Teacher Vocabulary:criteria constraint energy device convert design construct kinetic potential transform evidence engineering design process ask imagine plan create improveKnowledge:Students know: Energy can be transferred from place to place by electric currents.Skills:Students are able to: Use scientific knowledge to generate design solutions that convert energy from one form to another. Describe the given criteria and constraints of the design, which include the following: The initial and final forms of energy. Describe how the solution functions to transfer energy from one form to another. Evaluate potential solutions in terms of the desired features. Modify the design solutions to make them more effective.Understanding:Students understand that: Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects. Engineers improve existing technologies or develop new ones but are limited by available resources. Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.4.4- Identify common sources of energy used every day (e.g., electricity, gas, sun).
Tags: atom, electricity, electron, proton, static discharge, static electricity