ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Magnetism StudyJam

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Magnetism StudyJam

URL:

https://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/science/energy-light-sound/magnetism.htm

Content Source:

Other
http://studyjams.scholastic.com/
Type: Interactive/Game

Overview:

Magnetism is a force that causes objects to attract or repel each other. An object's magnetic force is how strong that attraction is. Magnetic fields are the areas where the magnetic force will work. Magnets also have opposite poles, negative and positive. Remember, opposites attract!

The classroom resource provides a slide show that will introduce magnets, magnetic fields, and magnetic forces. This resource can provide background information for students before they create their own models and conduct their own investigations. There is also a short test that can be used to assess students' understanding.

Content Standard(s):
Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 3
3 ) Explore objects that can be manipulated in order to determine cause-and-effect relationships (e.g., distance between objects affecting strength of a force, orientation of magnets affecting direction of a magnetic force) of electric interactions between two objects not in contact with one another (e.g., force on hair from an electrically charged balloon, electrical forces between a charged rod and pieces of paper) or magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with one another (e.g., force between two permanent magnets or between an electromagnet and steel paperclips, force exerted by one magnet versus the force exerted by two magnets).


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
P4.5: Magnets can repel or attract other magnets. They can also attract certain nonmagnetic objects at a distance.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Asking Questions and Defining Problems
Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and Effect
Disciplinary Core Idea: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Observe and manipulate objects to identify cause and effect relationships of electrical interactions between two objects not in contact with one another.
  • Observe and manipulate objects to identify cause and effect relationships of magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with one another.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Explore
  • Manipulate
  • Cause and Effect
  • Electrical Interactions
  • Magnetic Interactions
  • Magnet
  • Repel
  • Attract
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • The size of the force can affect the electrical and magnetic interaction of two objects not in contact with one another.
  • The orientation of magnets can affect the magnetic interaction of two objects not in contact with one another.
  • The repulsion or attraction of magnets can affect the magnetic interaction of two objects not in contact with one another.
  • The presence of a magnet and the force the magnet exerts on other objects affects the magnetic force of two objects not in contact with one another.
  • The electrical charge of an object can affect the electrical force of two objects not in contact with one another.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Explore electrical interactions between two objects not in contact with one another.
  • Explore magnetic interactions between two objects not in contact with one another.
  • Determine cause-and-effect relationships of electrical interactions between two objects not in contact with one another.
  • Determine cause-and-effect relationships of magnetic interactions not in contact with one another.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Cause and effect relationships are routinely identified, tested, and used to explain change.
  • Magnetic and electrical forces affect the way objects interact.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Forces and Investigations

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.3.3- Recognize cause-and-effect relationships of magnetic interactions between two objects (opposite poles attract, similar poles repel).


Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 3
4 ) Apply scientific ideas about magnets to solve a problem through an engineering design project (e.g., constructing a latch to keep a door shut, creating a device to keep two moving objects from touching each other such as a maglev system).*


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
P4.5: Magnets can repel or attract other magnets. They can also attract certain nonmagnetic objects at a distance.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions
Disciplinary Core Idea: Motion and Stability: Forces and Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Identify and describe a simple design problem that can be solved by applying a scientific understanding of the forces between interacting magnets.
  • Identify and describe the scientific ideas necessary for solving the problem.
  • Identify and describe the criteria for a successful solution to the problem.
  • Identify and describe the constraints (limits) for solving the problem.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Magnet
  • Properties
  • Engineering Design Process (Ask, Imagine, Plan, Create, Improve)
  • Attract
  • Repel
  • Forces
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Magnetic forces between a pair of objects do not require that the objects be in contact with each other.
  • The sizes of the forces in a magnetic situation depend on the properties of the objects, the distances apart, and their orientation relative to each other.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Define a problem that can be solved with magnets.
  • Apply scientific ideas about magnets.
  • Solve a problem with scientific ideas about magnets through an engineering design project.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Scientific discoveries about the natural world, such as magnets, can often lead to new and improved technologies, which are developed through the engineering design process.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Forces and Investigations

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.3.4- Apply scientific ideas about magnets to solve a problem. (e.g., using a magnet to pick up an object, using a magnet to push or pull an object)


Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
Earth and Space Science
11 ) Develop and use models of Earth's interior composition to illustrate the resulting magnetic field (e.g., magnetic poles) and to explain its measureable effects (e.g., protection from cosmic radiation).


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
E8.10a: Earth as a whole has a magnetic field that is detectable at the surface with a compass.

NAEP Statement::
E8.10b: Earth's magnetic field is similar to the field of a natural or manmade magnet with north and south poles and lines of force.

NAEP Statement::
E8.10c: For thousands of years, people have used compasses to aid in navigation on land and sea.

NAEP Statement::
E8.8: Earth is layered with a lithosphere; a hot, convecting mantle; and a dense, metallic core.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Developing and Using Models
Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and Effect
Disciplinary Core Idea: Earth's Systems
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Develop models of Earth's interior composition to illustrate the resulting magnetic field.
  • Use models of Earth's interior composition to illustrate the resulting magnetic field.
  • Explain the measurable effects of Earth's magnetic field.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Interior
  • Inner Core
  • Outer Core
  • Mantle
  • Crust
  • Molten
  • Magnetic field
  • Magnetosphere
  • Magnetic poles
  • Particles
  • Solar wind
  • Cosmic radiation
  • Solar radiation
  • Waves
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • The Earth's interior consists of rock and metal. It is made up of four main layers:
    1. the inner core: a solid metal core,
    2. the outer core: a liquid molten core,
    3. the mantle: dense and mostly solid rock, and
    4. the crust: thin rock material.
  • The temperature in the core is hotter than the Sun's surface. This intense heat from the inner core causes material in the outer core and mantle to move around.
  • It is possible that the movements of material deep within the Earth generate the Earth's magnetic field, called the magnetosphere.
  • The Earth has a magnetic field with north and south poles. The Earth's magnetic field reaches 36,000 miles into space.
  • The magnetosphere prevents most of the particles from the sun, carried in solar wind, from hitting the Earth.
  • Cosmic radiation, which includes solar radiation, is energy from space transmitted in the form of waves or particles.
  • The Sun and other planets have magnetospheres, but the Earth has the strongest one of all the rocky planets.
  • The Earth's north and south magnetic poles reverse at irregular intervals of hundreds of thousands of years.
  • Conditions inside the magnetosphere can create "space weather" that can affect technological systems and human activities. Technological systems that can be impacted may include the operations of satellites, the orbits of low-altitude Earth orbiting satellites, communication and navigations systems.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Develop a model of Earth's internal composition and identify the relevant components.
  • Describe the relationships between components of the model.
  • Use observations from the model to provide causal accounts for events and make predictions for events by constructing explanations.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The composition of Earth's interior may produce a magnetic field with effects that can be measured.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Researching the Sun-Earth-Moon System

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.6.11- Illustrate the layers of the interior of Earth; recognize that Earth has a magnetic field which protects us from some harmful effects of the sun.


Tags: attract, magnet, magnetic field, magnetic force, magnetic pole, repel
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Comments

The test may be completed as a whole group or independently on student devices.

  This resource provided by:  
Author: Hannah Bradley