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What Is Physical Geography? Crash Course Geography #4

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What Is Physical Geography? Crash Course Geography #4


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Traditionally, geography is studied as two interconnected parts: physical geography and human geography. For the first half of this series, we will be focusing on physical geography, which is all about recognizing the characteristics of the environment and the processes that create, modify, and destroy those environments. But remember, human-environment interactions are fundamental to studying geography so we won't be ignoring human impact, it just won't be the primary lens we're using to view the world. Today, we'll explore erosional gullies in Madagascar as we discuss the world's dynamic landscape, the Great Barrier Reef as we introduce the four major earth system (the atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere), and we'll finish with a deep dive into Iceland as we introduce the major realms of physical geography. (These are geographer specializations that you may have heard about like topography, geomorphology, pedology, hydrology, climatology, oceanography, meteorology, and biogeography.)

Content Standard(s):
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 7
2 ) Determine how regions are used to describe the organization of Earth's surface.

•  Identifying physical and human features used as criteria for mapping formal, functional, and perceptual regions
Examples: physical—landforms, climates, bodies of water, resources

human—language, religion, culture, economy, government

•  Interpreting processes and reasons for regional change, including land use, urban growth, population, natural disasters, and trade
•  Analyzing interactions among regions to show transnational relationships, including the flow of commodities and Internet connectivity
Examples: winter produce to Alabama from Chile and California, poultry from Alabama to other countries (Alabama)

•  Comparing how culture and experience influence individual perceptions of places and regions
Examples: cultural influences—language, religion, ethnicity, iconography, symbology, stereotypes

•  Explaining globalization and its impact on people in all regions of the world
Examples: quality and sustainability of life, international cooperation

Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography
Course Title: Geography
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
  • Identify the reasons for organizing geographic information by region and use regional information to organize geographic information.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • regional geography
  • functional and perceptual regions
  • spatial process and regional change
  • regional interactions
  • culture
  • perception
  • globalization
Students know:
  • Geographic features can be organized into regions in order to understand activities and processes within and between places.
  • Formal, functional, and perceptional regions; land use, urban growth, natural disaster, commodity, Internet connectivity, globalization, sustainability, international cooperation.
  • Physical regions—landforms, climates, bodies of water, resources.
  • Human regions—language, religion, culture, economy, government.
  • Cultural influences characterizing regions—language, religion, ethnicity, iconography, symbology, stereotypes how to use regions for identification of related phenomena, interpretation of processes causing regional change, analysis of interactions among regions in terms of economic activities, migration, cultural diffusion, and evaluation of the impacts of globalization.
Students are able to:
  • Construct various types of regions, determine regional boundaries or transitional boundary zones.
  • Read and analyze thematic maps that display information, such as climate, religion, international commodity flows, arranged by geographic regions.
Students understand that:
  • Regions are a way of organizing spatial (geographic) information for specific social, economic, and political purposes.
Tags: atmosphere, biogeography, biosphere, climatology, geomorphology, human geography, hydrology, hydrosphere, lithosphere, meteorology, oceanography, pedology, physical geography, topography
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Author: Ginger Boyd