ALEX Classroom Resource

  

The Roman Empire, or Republic, or...Which Is It?/Crash Course World History

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

The Roman Empire, or Republic, or...Which Is It?/Crash Course World History

URL:

https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/7bc87ec1-de47-4d3e-814d-86d9a3fb2396/the-roman-empire-or-republic-orwhich-was-it-crash-course-world-history-10/

Content Source:

PBS
Type: Audio/Video

Overview:

John Green explores exactly when Rome went from being the Roman Republic to the Roman Empire. Here's a hint: it had something to do with Julius Caesar, but maybe less than you think. Find out how Caesar came to rule the empire, what led to him getting stabbed 23 times on the floor of the senate, and what happened in the scramble for power after his assassination. John covers Rome's transition from city-state to dominant force in the Mediterranean. While Rome's expansion took hundreds of years, he explains it in just under 12 minutes. The senate, the people, Rome, the caesarian section, the Julian calendar, and our old friend Pompey all make appearances, but NOT the Caesar Salad, as Julius had nothing to do with it.

**Sensitive: This resource contains material that may be sensitive for some students. Teachers should exercise discretion in evaluating whether this resource is suitable for their class.

Content Standard(s):
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 8
World History to 1500
1 ) Explain how artifacts and other archaeological findings provide evidence of the nature and movement of prehistoric groups of people.

Examples: cave paintings, Ice Man, Lucy, fossils, pottery

•  Identifying the founding of Rome as the basis of the calendar established by Julius Caesar and used in early Western civilization for over a thousand years
•  Identifying the birth of Christ as the basis of the Gregorian calendar used in the United States since its beginning and in most countries of the world today, signified by B.C. and A.D.
•  Using vocabulary terms other than B.C. and A.D. to describe time
Examples: B.C.E., C.E.

•  Identifying terms used to describe characteristics of early societies and family structures
Examples: monogamous, polygamous, nomadic

Unpacked Content
Strand: Geography, History
Course Title: World History to 1500
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Explain how artifacts and other archaeological findings provide evidence of the nature, social and family structures, and movements of prehistoric groups of people including prehistoric fossils, human remains such as mummies, human artwork, pottery and other human-made artifacts.
  • Describe the relationship among various methods for describing historical and pre-historical time, including: the Julian calendar, the Gregorian calendar and associated use of B.C. and A.D., use of B.C.E. and C.E.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • artifacts
  • archaeological findings
  • evidence
  • Gregorian calendar
  • Julian calendar
  • nomadic
  • agrarian
  • monogamous
  • polygamous
  • prehistoric
  • B.C.E.
  • C.E.
  • B.C.
  • A.D.
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • How artifacts and other archaeological findings provide evidence of the nature of movement of prehistoric people.
  • The historical basis for the Julian and Gregorian calendars. Various ways to describe historic and pre-historic time, including use of B.C.E. and C.E.
  • Terms to describe characteristics of early societies and family structures (Ex. monogamous, polygamous, nomadic, agrarian).
Skills:
The students are able to:
  • Describe the difference between artifacts and fossils and how they are used by archeologists and historians.
  • Use examples to explain the ways artifacts and other archaeological findings provide evidence of the nature and movement of prehistoric groups of people.
  • Describe time through the use of a variety to calendars and methods.
  • Identify terms used to describe characteristics of early societies and family structures.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Archaeologists and historians use evidence left behind by prehistoric people to describe the nature of these people and their movements.
  • The Gregorian and Julian calendars differ and various calendars use different dates as their starting points.
  • There are a variety of ways to identify historical time.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.8.1- Recognize that cave paintings, fossils, and pottery remnants provide evidence of early groups of people; draw logical conclusions about sample artifacts.
SS.AAS.8.1a - Identifying terms B.C. and A.D. used to describe to describe time.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 8
World History to 1500
6 ) Trace the expansion of the Roman Republic and its transformation into an empire, including key geographic, political, and economic elements.

Examples: expansion—illustrating the spread of Roman influence with charts, graphs, timelines, or maps

transformation—noting reforms of Augustus, listing effects of Pax Romana

•  Interpreting spatial distributions and patterns of the Roman Republic using geographic tools and technologies
Unpacked Content
Strand: Economics, Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: World History to 1500
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze the influence of the Roman Republic, including reforms and the Pax Romana.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Roman Republic
  • transformation
  • geographic, political, and economic elements
  • spatial distributions
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Details of the expansion of the Roman Republic and its transformation into an empire. Key geographic, political, and economic elements of the Roman Empire.
  • The spatial distributions and patterns of the Roman Republic.
  • How Rome gained control of the Mediterranean region events leading to the creation of a Roman empire.
  • The reforms of Augustus.
  • Effects of the Pax Romana.
Skills:
Student are able to:
  • Analyze textual evidence of primary and secondary sources.
  • Locate places on a map.
  • Analyze the effects of geography on culture.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • The Roman Republic evolved from a republic into an empire, and it later expanded.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.8.6- Locate ancient Rome and the empire on a map; identify at least one significant contribution from ancient Rome in the fields of politics, intellectual life, arts, literature, architecture, or science.


Tags: Julius Caesar, Roman Empire, Roman Republic
License Type: Custom Permission Type
See Terms: https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/help/terms-of-use/
For full descriptions of license types and a guide to usage, visit :
https://creativecommons.org/licenses
AccessibilityVideo resources: includes closed captioning or subtitles
Comments

PBSLearningMedia is free for teachers. Teachers can create a free account to access all available resources. 

  This resource provided by:  
Author: Ginger Boyd