# ALEX Classroom Resource

## Investigating Daily and Seasonal Weather | Lesson Plan

Classroom Resource Information

Title:

Investigating Daily and Seasonal Weather | Lesson Plan

URL:

https://aptv.pbslearningmedia.org/resource/buac19-35-sci-ess-dailyseasonalweather-lp/investigating-daily-and-seasonal-weather-lesson-plan/

Content Source:

PBS
Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

Students will investigate weather as a short-term and long-term phenomenon by reading about how daily weather data is collected, organized, and analyzed to look for patterns in order to predict seasonal weather. They will use data maps showing daily weather conditions, average monthly temperature, and total monthly precipitation. This lesson can be used to provide foundational knowledge before using the lesson Investigating Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Variations, in which students gather, plot, and analyze data.

Content Standard(s):
 Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 3 13 ) Display data graphically and in tables to describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season (e.g., average temperature, precipitation, wind direction). NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: E4.8: Weather changes from day to day and during the seasons. NAEP Statement:: E4.9: Scientists use tools for observing, recording, and predicting weather changes from day to day and during the seasons. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Analyzing and Interpreting DataCrosscutting Concepts: PatternsDisciplinary Core Idea: Earth's SystemsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Use graphical displays to organize data that describes the typical weather conditions expected during a particular season.Teacher Vocabulary:Data Types of graphs Table Seasons Typical weather conditions for a season Temperature Precipitation Wind directionKnowledge:Students know: Weather conditions, like average temperature, precipitation, wind direction, from a given area across multiple seasons. Patterns of weather conditions across different seasons and in different areas.Skills:Students are able to: Identify typical weather conditions for a season. Represent data in tables and various graphical formats. Describe typical weather conditions expected during a particular season.Understanding:Students understand that: Scientists record patterns of the weather across different times and areas so that they can make predictions about what kind of weather might happen next.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Weather and Climate Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.3.13- Use a graph or pictograph to answer questions about weather. Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 6 Earth and Space Science 12 ) Integrate qualitative scientific and technical information (e.g., weather maps; diagrams; other visualizations, including radar and computer simulations) to support the claim that motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions. a. Use various instruments (e.g., thermometers, barometers, anemometers, wet bulbs) to monitor local weather and examine weather patterns to predict various weather events, especially the impact of severe weather (e.g., fronts, hurricanes, tornados, blizzards, ice storms, droughts). Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information; Analyzing and Interpreting DataCrosscutting Concepts: Cause and EffectDisciplinary Core Idea: Earth's SystemsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Support the claim that motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions using qualitative scientific and technical information. Monitor local weather using a variety of instruments. Examine weather patterns to predict various weather events, especially the impact of severe weather. Teacher Vocabulary:Integrate Qualitative scientific information Technical information Weather map Radar Visualization Weather Air mass Temperature Pressure Humidity Precipitation Wind Uniform Temperature Moisture Landform Current Probability Atmosphere Monitor Instruments Predict Weather patterns Severe weather Temperature Moisture Pressure Humidity Precipitation Wind AtmosphereKnowledge:Students know: Qualitative scientific and technical information may include weather maps, diagrams, and visualizations, including radar and computer simulations. Qualitative scientific information may be obtained through laboratory experiments. Weather is the condition of the atmosphere as defined by temperature, pressure, humidity, precipitation, and wind. An air mass is a large body of air with uniform temperature, moisture, and pressure. Air masses flow from regions of high pressure to low pressure, causing weather at a fixed location to change over time. Sudden changes in weather can result when different air masses collide. The distribution and movement of air masses can be affected by landforms, ocean temperatures, and currents. Relationships exist between observed, large-scale weather patterns and the location or movement of air masses, including patterns that develop between air masses (e.g., cold fronts may be characterized by thunderstorms). Due to the complexity and multiple causes of weather patterns, probability must be used to predict the weather.*Local atmospheric conditions (weather) may be monitored by collecting data on temperature, pressure, humidity, precipitation, and wind. Instruments may be used to measure local weather conditions. These instruments may include, but are not limited to, thermometers, barometers, and anemometers. Weather events, specifically severe weather, can be predicted based on weather patterns. Severe weather may include, but is not limited to, fronts, thunderstorms, hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, ice storms, and droughts.Skills:Students are able to: Make a claim, to be supported by evidence, to support or refute an explanation or model for a given phenomenon, including the idea that motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions. Identify evidence to support the claim from the given materials including qualitative scientific and technical information. Evaluate the evidence for its necessity and sufficiency for supporting the claim. Determine whether the evidence is sufficient to determine causal relationships between the motions and complex interactions of air masses and changes in weather conditions. Consider alternative interpretations of the evidence and describe why the evidence supports the claim they are making, as opposed to any alternative claims. Use reasoning to connect the evidence and evaluation to the claim that motions and complex interactions of air masses result in changes in weather conditions. Use instruments to collect local weather data. Monitor local weather data. Use patterns observed from collected data to provide causal accounts for weather events and make predictions.Understanding:Students understand that: The complex patterns of the changes and the movement of water in the atmosphere, determined by winds, landforms, and ocean temperatures and currents, are major determinants of local weather patterns. Because these patterns are so complex, weather can only be predicted based on probability. Instruments may be used to monitor local weather. Weather patterns can be used to predict weather events.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Understanding Weather and Climate (for both 12 and 12a) Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.6.12- Recognize interactions of air masses as the cause of changes in weather. SCI.AAS.6.12a- Distinguish which scientific instrument would be used to measure weather conditions (i.e., temperature, wind speed, and air pressure); identify weather conditions including sunshine, clouds, rain, ice storms, and blizzards.
Tags: data map, phenomenon, precipitation, seasonal, weather, weather data