2 ) Describe research strategies used by psychologists to explore mental processes and behavior.
Describing the type of methodology and strategies used by researchers in different psychological studies
Examples: surveys, naturalistic observations, case studies, longitudinal studies, cross-sectional studies
Contrasting independent, dependent, and confounding variables and control and experimental groups
Identifying systematic procedures necessary for conducting an experiment and improving the validity of results
Describing the use of statistics in evaluating research, including calculating the mean, median, and mode from a set of data; conducting a simple correlational analysis using either calculators or computer software; and explaining the meaning of statistical significance