ALEX Classroom Resource


Vibration Causes Sound

  Classroom Resource Information  


Vibration Causes Sound


Content Source:

San Francisco Symphony
Type: Learning Activity


Students will experiment to identify how vibrations cause sound.  A student worksheet is provided. 

Content Standard(s):
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 1
1 ) Conduct experiments to provide evidence that vibrations of matter can create sound (e.g., striking a tuning fork, plucking a guitar string) and sound can make matter vibrate (e.g., holding a piece of paper near a sound system speaker, touching your throat while speaking).

NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
P4.10: Vibrating objects produce sound. The pitch of sound can be varied by changing the rate of vibration.

Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Planning and Carrying out Investigations
Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and Effect
Disciplinary Core Idea: Waves and Their Applications in Technologies for Information Transfer
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
  • Conduct experiments to provide evidence that vibrations of matter can create sound.
  • Conduct experiments to provide evidence that sound can make matter vibrate.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • vibrations/vibrate
  • matter
  • sound
  • evidence
  • experiments
  • conduct
  • create
Students know:
  • Sound can cause matter to vibrate.
  • Vibrating matter can cause sound.
Students are able to:
  • Conduct investigations to provide evidence that sound makes matter vibrate and vibrating matter makes sound.
  • Make observations that can be used as evidence about sound.
Students understand that:
  • Sound can cause matter to vibrate.
  • Vibrating matter can cause sound.
  • There is a cause/effect relationship between vibrating materials and sound.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Sound, Light, and Sky
Sound and Light, FOSS
Sundial, GLOBE
Sky, Delta
Arts Education
ARTS (2017)
Grade: 1
Music: General
8) Demonstrate knowledge of music concepts in music from a variety of cultures selected for performance.

Example: Respond with purposeful movement to reflect the melodic contour of a piece of music.

Unpacked Content
Artistic Process: Performing
Anchor Standards:
Anchor Standard 4: Select, analyze, and interpret artistic work for presentation.
Process Components: Analyze
Essential Questions:
EU: Analyzing creators' context and how they manipulate elements of music provides insight into their intent and informs performance.
EQ: How does understanding the structure and context of musical works inform performance?
Concepts & Vocabulary:
  • Quarter note, quarter rest, paired eighth notes
  • Strong/ weak beat
  • Steady beat/ rhythm
  • Allegro/ adagio
  • Pitch set: Mi, So, La
  • Steps/ skips/ repeated notes
  • Melodic direction
  • Modified staff
  • Line notes and space notes
Harmony/ texture
  • Rhythmic ostinati
  • Simple bordun
  • AB, ABA
  • Legato, staccato
  • Piano (p), forte (f)
  • Classroom instrument classifications
  • Clarinet, trombone, cello, drum
  • Orchestral music: ballet
  • Non-Western music celebrations
  • Proper singing posture
  • Age-appropriate pitch matching (C4 - C5)1
  • Mallet/ drumming technique — hands together
Skill Examples:
  • Sing or play music with attention to expressive elements such as dynamics and articulation
  • Perform music from a variety of cultural traditions, focusing on holidays and special days.
  • Create new verses for familiar songs.
  • Use manipulatives or movement to inform melodic contour.
Reading/ Writing
  • Write rhythmic phrases that include quarter notes and paired eighth notes using standard or iconic notation.
  • Read rhythmic phrases containing quarter notes, quarter rests, and paired eighth notes using standard or iconic notation.
  • Indicate melodic contour using manipulatives such as yarn, or by drawing lines that reflect the melodic contour.
  • Identify expressive markings in printed music.
Responding/ Evaluating
  • Determine the appropriate dynamics and articulation for different types of music (ex.
  • March = staccato, forte; lullaby = legato, piano).
Tags: experiment, music concepts, science, sound, vibration
License Type: Custom Permission Type
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Partnered Event: ALEX Resource Development Summit
AccessibilityText Resources: Content is organized under headings and subheadings

Student Worksheet

This resource comes from San Francisco Symphony. No account is needed to access free lessons or activities available for educators. 

  This resource provided by:  
Author: Tiffani Stricklin
The event this resource created for:ALEX Resource Development Summit