ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Scratch

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Scratch

URL:

https://scratch.mit.edu/projects/editor/?tutorial=music

Content Source:

Other
Scratch Foundation
Type: Interactive/Game

Overview:

In this activity from Scratch, students will use coding skills to create their own compositions. 

Content Standard(s):
Arts Education
ARTS (2017)
Grade: 3
Music: General
4) Use standard and/or iconic notation and/or recording technology to document personal rhythmic and melodic musical ideas.

Unpacked Content
Artistic Process: Creating
Anchor Standards:
Anchor Standard 2: Organize and develop artistic ideas and work.
Process Components: Plan and Make
Essential Questions:
EU: Musicians' creative choices are influenced by their expertise, context, and expressive intent.
EQ: How do musicians make creative decisions?
Concepts & Vocabulary:
Rhythm
  • Bar lines
  • Measures
Melody
  • Pitch set: Low So, Low La, High Do
  • Treble clef reading (Mi, Re, Do)
  • Middle C to high G
  • Ledger lines
Harmony
  • Partner songs
  • Rounds
  • Ostinati
Form
  • Theme and variations
  • Coda
  • D.S. al coda
  • Repeat sign
  • Fermata
Expression
  • Phrase/ phrasing
  • Pianissimo (pp), fortissimo (ff)
Other
  • Age-appropriate audience and performer etiquette
  • Orchestral instruments: 4 families
  • Age-appropriate pitch matching (Bb3 - Eb5)
Skill Examples:
Performing
  • Play a variety of classroom instruments with proper technique.
  • Use the head voice to produce a light, clear sound employing breath support and maintaining appropriate posture.
Creating
  • Use pitch and rhythm to improvise vocal, instrumental, and/or movement ideas within a context (such as question and answer phrases or simple accompaniment/ostinato).
Reading/ Writing
  • Use iconic or standard notation and/or recording technology to sequence and document personal musical ideas.
Responding/ Evaluating
  • Demonstrate a final version of personal musical ideas using created vocal, instrumental, or movement pieces through performance.
  • Develop criteria to critique and refine selected musical examples.
Arts Education
ARTS (2017)
Grade: 4
Music: General
4) Use standard and/or iconic notation and/or recording technology to document personal rhythmic, melodic, and simple harmonic musical ideas.

Unpacked Content
Artistic Process: Creating
Anchor Standards:
Anchor Standard 2: Organize and develop artistic ideas and work.
Process Components: Plan and Make
Essential Questions:
EU: Musicians' creative choices are influenced by their expertise, context, and expressive intent.
EQ: How do musicians make creative decisions?
Concepts & Vocabulary:
Rhythm
  • Conducting patterns in
  • Syncopation
Melody
  • Pitch set: Do, Re, Mi, Fa, So, Ti
  • Treble clef reading (La, So, Mi, Re, Do)
  • Middle C through High B
  • Create melodic sequences
  • Half-step
  • Whole step
Harmony
  • Canons
  • Chord components
  • Chord progression (I, V)
  • Crossover bordun
Form
  • Phrasing: antecedent and consequent
  • D.C. al coda
  • Fine
Expression
  • pp through ff
Other
  • Age-appropriate audience and performer etiquette
  • Orchestra instruments within the 4 families
  • Age-appropriate pitch matching (A3-E5)
Skill Examples:
Performing
  • With limited guidance, perform simple chord progressions on pitched instruments.
  • Play a variety of classroom instruments with proper technique.
  • Use the head voice to produce a light, clear sound employing breath support and maintaining appropriate posture.
Creating
  • With limited guidance, improvise or compose a 2-4 measure musical idea, a pentatonic melody, or a rhythm pattern using age-appropriate note values.
  • Create vocal harmony using rounds, ostinati, canons and partner songs.
Reading/ Writing
  • Use notation and/or recording technology to document personal musical ideas.
Responding/ Evaluating
  • Describe the way sound is produced by various instruments and the human voice.
  • Listen, identify and respond to music of different composers and world cultures.
Arts Education
ARTS (2017)
Grade: 5
Music: General
4) Use standard and/or iconic notation and/or recording technology to document personal rhythmic, melodic, and two-chord harmonic musical ideas.

Unpacked Content
Artistic Process: Creating
Anchor Standards:
Anchor Standard 2: Organize and develop artistic ideas and work.
Process Components: Plan and Make
Essential Questions:
EU: Musicians' creative choices are influenced by their expertise, context, and expressive intent.
EQ: How do musicians make creative decisions?
Concepts & Vocabulary:
Rhythm
Melody
  • Pitch set: Do-centered diatonic
  • Treble clef reading (choral octavos)
  • Grand staff
  • Bass clef
  • Accidentals
  • Major scale
Harmony
  • Part singing/ playing
  • Chord progression (I, IV, V)
  • Arpeggio
  • Descant
  • Level bordun
Form
  • Rondo form
  • 12-Bar blues
Expression
  • Vibrato
  • Tremolo
  • Reggae
  • Blues
  • Timbre: soprano, alto, tenor, bass
Other
  • Age-appropriate audience and performer etiquette
  • Age-appropriate pitch matching (Ab3-F5)
Skill Examples:
Performing
  • Improvise over standard folk songs using the pitch set: La, So, Mi, Re, and Do.
  • Improvise melodies in a major diatonic scale by singing or using a pitched instrument.
  • Compose melodies and accompaniments to songs, poems, stories, and dramatizations, using AB, ABA, and rondo forms.
  • Perform pre-written musical ideas.
  • Perform harmonic accompaniments using Orff instruments, Boomwhackers, electronic sources, or by any other appropriate harmonic instrument.
  • Notate simple rhythms and melodies within a specified meter and tonality.
Creating
  • Create a 12-bar blues song using appropriate chordal structure and lyrics.
  • Explore and identify musical instruments from different historical periods and world cultures.
Reading/ Writing
  • Write an original blues song.
  • Identify elements of music including tonality, dynamics, tempo and meter.
  • Identify patterns of whole and half steps in a major scale.
  • Compose 4 or 8 measure pieces using appropriate notation.
Responding/ Evaluating
  • Review and refine a composition.
  • Evaluate a performance, using appropriate vocabulary to describe strengths and weaknesses of the performance.
  • Listen to, identify, and respond to music of different composers, historical periods, and world cultures.
  • Identify terms related to form.
  • Recognize and identify longer music forms such as 12-bar blues, sonata form and theme and variations.
  • Identify vocal timbre as soprano, alto, tenor, or bass.
  • Write short self-reflections about his/her composition and the creative process.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 3
7) Test and debug a given program in a block-based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs, in collaboration with others.

Examples: Sequencing cards for unplugged activities, online coding practice.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • test a given program in a block
  • based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs.
  • debug a given program in a block
  • based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs.
  • collaborate with others.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • test
  • debug
  • program
  • block-based visual programming environment
  • arithmetic operators
  • conditionals
  • repetition
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • strategies for debugging a given program.
  • arithmetic operators create a single numerical solution from multiple oprations.
  • conditionals are "if, then" statements that direct the program.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • test a given program in a block-based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs, in collaboration with others.
  • debug a given program in a block-based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs, in collaboration with others.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • a given program must be tested and debugged to run correctly.
  • block-based visual programming uses arithemetic operators, conditionals, and repetition to function.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 4
7) Create a working program in a block-based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs, in collaboration with others.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • create a working program in a block
  • based visual programming environment while using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs, in collaboration with others.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • program
  • block-based visual programming environment
  • arithmetic operators
  • conditionals
  • repetition
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • the definitions for arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition as they relate to programming.
  • strategies for collaborating with peers.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • create a working program in a block-based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs.
  • implement strategies to collaborate with others.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • operators in programming make many options available, reducing the length of an alorithm, pseudocode, or program.
Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 5
6) Create a working program in a block-based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • create a working program in a block
  • based visual programming environment.
  • create a program in a block
  • based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators such as AND, OR, and NOT.
  • create a program in a block
  • based visual programming environment using conditionals such as IF, THEN, and/or ELSE.
  • create a program in a block
  • based visual programming environment using repetition or loops.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • program
  • block-based visual programming
  • environment
  • arithmetic operators
  • conditionals
  • repetition
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • how to create a working program in a block-based visual programming environment.
  • reasons for using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • create a working program in a block-based visual programming environment using arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • arithmetic operators, conditionals, and repetition in programs make more operations possible and can reduce the complexity or length of code.
Tags: coding, music, technology
License Type: Custom Permission Type
See Terms: https://scratch.mit.edu/terms_of_use
For full descriptions of license types and a guide to usage, visit :
https://creativecommons.org/licenses
Accessibility
Comments

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  This resource provided by:  
Author: Tiffani Stricklin