ALEX Classroom Resource

  

Testing Materials to Learn About Their Properties

  Classroom Resource Information  

Title:

Testing Materials to Learn About Their Properties

URL:

https://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/resources/k-8/inquiryinaction/second-grade/chapter-1/testing-materials-to-learn-about-properties.html

Content Source:

Other
American Chemical Society
Type: Lesson/Unit Plan

Overview:

In this lesson, students will develop an understanding that objects and materials can be tested to learn about their properties. Students will help plan and conduct different tests on the materials. Students will be able to explain that when testing materials to learn about their properties, all the materials need to be tested in the same way.

Students test a piece of aluminum foil, plastic from a zip-closing plastic bag, and copier paper to learn about some of their properties. Students conduct tests on the materials and then help design a strength test. The point is stressed that for a good, fair test each material needs to be tested in the same way. A simulation is shown that emphasizes the point that the different properties of materials are good for different uses.

Content Standard(s):
Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 2
2 ) Collect and evaluate data to determine appropriate uses of materials based on their properties (e.g., strength, flexibility, hardness, texture, absorbency).*


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
E4.6: Some Earth materials have properties either in their present form or after design and modification that make them useful in solving human problems and enhancing the quality of life, as in the case of materials used for building or fuels used for heating and transportation.

NAEP Statement::
P4.1: Objects and substances have properties. Weight (mass) and volume are properties that can be measured using appropriate tools.*


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Analyzing and Interpreting Data
Crosscutting Concepts: Cause and Effect
Disciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Collect data about the properties of materials and evaluate the appropriate uses of materials based on those properties.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Evaluate
  • Data
  • Graphs
  • Properties
  • Purpose
  • Strength
  • Flexibility
  • Hardness
  • Texture
  • Absorbency
  • Collect
  • Appropriate
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • Properties of materials (e.g., strength, flexibility, hardness, texture, absorbency) Different uses for the materials.
  • The relationship between properties of materials and some potential uses (metal is strong, paper is absorbent, etc.).
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Conduct simple tests to collect and display data about the physical properties of various materials.
  • Analyze data to identify and describe relationships between properties and their potential uses.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence about the relationship between properties of materials and their intended uses.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Matter
Solids and Liquids, FOSS

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.2.2- Identify common materials and appropriate uses based on their physical properties (e.g., rubber bands stretch, sidewalks are hard, paper tears).


Tags: chemical, chemistry, data, experiment, materials, properties, test
License Type: Custom Permission Type
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  This resource provided by:  
Author: Stephanie Carver