Allow students to discuss the following question with a partner: How does knowing 5 x 5 help you to solve 75 ÷ 5? Explain. This question should start a conversation on the relationship between multiplication and division. Allow the students to discuss their mathematical reasoning with the class.
In partners or small groups, students will complete the School Concert task. This real-world task can be used to introduce the area model for division. However, the area model does not have to be the only strategy used to solve this problem. Groups will most likely approach this problem using a variety of strategies. Circle the room and discuss why each group chose a certain strategy to solve the problem.
Allow each group of students time to share and explain their reasoning with the class. This division task should guide your class in a conversation on division strategies and the relationship between multiplication and division.