# ALEX Learning Activity

## Historical Climate Analysis Activity

A Learning Activity is a strategy a teacher chooses to actively engage students in learning a concept or skill using a digital tool/resource.

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This learning activity provided by:
 Author: Virginia Hall System: Mobile County School: Mary G Montgomery High School
General Activity Information
 Activity ID: 1871 Title: Historical Climate Analysis Activity Digital Tool/Resource: Celsius to Fahrenheit Online Converter Web Address – URL: http://onlineconversion.com/temperature.htm Overview: The object of this activity is to demonstrate the concept of climate change. Historical climate data has been used to show a local area in central England to represent an entire time frame. This learning activity incorporates temperature conversions, graphing, graphical analysis and extensions into the Medieval Warm Period. This activity results from the ALEX Resource Gap Project.
Associated Standards and Objectives
Content Standard(s):
 Mathematics MA2015 (2016) Grade: 9-12 Algebra I 4 ) Use units as a way to understand problems and to guide the solution of multistep problems; choose and interpret units consistently in formulas; choose and interpret the scale and the origin in graphs and data displays. [N-Q1] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: M.AAS.Q.HS.4- Using real world models, express quantities of measurement to the given precision. (limited to measurements of length (inch, 1/2 inch, 1/4 inch), weight (pounds, kilograms (tenth of a unit), volume (cup, 1/2 cup, 1/4 cup, 1/3 cup, liter), temperature (degree), velocity (mph, kmph). Literacy Standards (6-12) LIT2010 (2010) Grade: 9-10 Reading Standards for Literacy in Science and Technical Subjects 1 ) Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions. Unpacked Content Strand: Reading (RST)CCR Anchor:Key Ideas and DetailsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: analyze science texts analyze technical texts cite specific textual evidence to support analysis attend to precise details of explanations or descriptions in science and technical texts share analysis in written or spoken formTeacher Vocabulary:cite specific textual evidence support analysis science texts technical texts precise details of explanations precise details of descriptionsKnowledge:Students know: techniques for selecting textual evidence to support analysis techniques for analyzing science and technical texts close reading techniques (e.g., graphic organizers, two-column notes) for tracking precise details of explanations or descriptions in science and technical texts techniques for constructing an analysis of science and technical texts VOCABULARY: science text, technical text, textual evidenceSkills:Students are able to: analyze science texts analyze technical texts construct an analysis (written or spoken) of science and technical texts attend to precise details of explanations or descriptions in science and technical texts cite specific textual evidence to support analysisUnderstanding:Students understand that strength of the analysis of science and technical texts depends upon understanding precise details of explanations or descriptions. Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 9-12 Earth and Space Science 14 ) Construct explanations from evidence to describe how changes in the flow of energy through Earth's systems (e.g., volcanic eruptions, solar output, ocean circulation, surface temperatures, precipitation patterns, glacial ice volumes, sea levels, Coriolis effect) impact the climate. NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: E12.10a: Climate is determined by energy transfer from the Sun at and near Earth's surface. NAEP Statement:: E12.10b: This energy transfer is influenced by dynamic processes such as cloud cover, atmospheric gases, and Earth's rotation, as well as static conditions such as the positions of mountain ranges, oceans, seas, and lakes. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Constructing Explanations and Designing SolutionsCrosscutting Concepts: Cause and EffectDisciplinary Core Idea: Earth's SystemsTeacher Vocabulary:volcanic eruption solar output ocean circulation surface temperature precipitation patterns glacial ice volumes sea levels Coriolis effect jet streamKnowledge:Students know: Climate changes can occur if any of Earth's systems change. Some climate changes were rapid shifts (volcanic eruptions, meteoric impacts, changes in ocean currents), other were gradual and longer term-due, for example to the rise of plants and other life forms that modified the atmosphere via photosynthesis.Skills:Students are able to: Analyze data to explain aspects of how energy flow impacts climate.Understanding:Students understand that: Natural factors that cause climate changes over human time scales include variations in the sun's energy output, ocean circulation patterns, atmospheric composition, and volcanic activity. Digital Literacy and Computer Science DLIT (2018) Grade: 9-12 R5) Locate and curate information from digital sources to answer research questions. Unpacked Content Evidence Of Student Attainment:Students will: locate and curate information from digital sources to answer given research questions.Teacher Vocabulary:curateKnowledge:Students know: how to find valid sources to answer a given research topic. how to cite sources.Skills:Students are able to: locate valid digital resources to answer given research questions.Understanding:Students understand that: a great deal of information is available. it is important to validate information and to cite the source of information.
Learning Objectives:

The student will be able to analyze climate data to recognize climate trends.

The student will be able to construct graphical representations of climate data.

The student will be able to convert from one temperature measurement to another using the climate data.

The student will be able to construct explanations of how volcanic eruptions, surface temperatures, and solar output impact the climate.

The student will be able to recognize patterns in climate data and make logical predictions as to how this might impact future climate.

Strategies, Preparations and Variations