1. The students will discuss briefly the definition of annotation (a note of explanation or comment added to a text or diagram), if not already familiar with the strategy. Essentially, annotation is a conversation with the text. Make sure students know that annotation is more than just highlighting or underlining; explanations and analysis are required.
2. The students will watch the video for "Just a Girl" by No Doubt on YouTube. After the video is over, students will discuss messages about gender that the song revealed. Also, have students discuss elements in the video (setting, signs, behavior) that portrayed gender stereotypes, issues, or inequalities.
3. The teacher will give students printed lyrics (see Advanced Preparation) of "Just a Girl" and explain to students that just like the video portrayed a message using devices such as setting and actions, the song lyrics do the same. Instead of visual devices, authors/songwriters rely on devices of language such as diction, imagery, irony, and figurative language.
4. Then, students will annotate the song lyrics for diction (word choice/connotation), details, imagery, irony, and figurative language. Students should identify the device and explain why the author/songwriter used the device.
***Sample Song Annotation for TEACHER USE ONLY (not for student handout).
5. Based on the annotations and analysis, students will infer the tone and theme (regarding gender inequality/stereotypes) of the song. The students will discuss their annotations and themes in groups or as a whole class.
6. The students will preview Kate Chopin's The Story of an Hour and predict what gender themes may exist in the story given the year of publication as they prepare to read and annotate the short story.