Introduce the learning activity by visiting the following website with the students: American Museum of Natural History. Together with the students, read through Flashy Fireflies and lead a discussion on the comparison of Morse Code to the communication of fireflies. As a whole class on the interactive whiteboard, complete the "Try It" section together under What's the Pattern? This section might take a couple of tries!
Place students in small groups (three students per group). Make sure each group has an internet connected device. Allow time for students to practice "Try It" under Talk to Fireflies. Each student in the group should have a turn "communicating" in this interactive game.
Challenge the students to collaboratively (as a class) develop a communication pattern (their own code). Students need to develop a code for motion (vibration) such as hitting their fist on the desk, a code for sound such as clapping their hands or snapping their fingers, and a code for light such as using the flashlight.
Then, students will break off into small groups (three per group) and practice sending each other "signals" with one group sending the "code" and the other group using Google Science Journal to receive the "code". Students should practice all three types of "codes" (motion, sound, and light), then alternate sending and receiving their "codes".
Teachers may want to show the students the following video about how to use the Google Science Journal if they are unfamiliar with this app.