ALEX Learning Activity

  

Double Stuffed Argument: Using the Oreo Method for Argument Writing

A Learning Activity is a strategy a teacher chooses to actively engage students in learning a concept or skill using a digital tool/resource.

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  This learning activity provided by:  
Author: LaSheree Sanford-Davis
System:Birmingham City
School:Ramsay High School
  General Activity Information  
Activity ID: 2255
Title:
Double Stuffed Argument: Using the Oreo Method for Argument Writing
Digital Tool/Resource:
Oreo Method for Argument
Web Address – URL:
Overview:

The Oreo Method of writing an argument essay helps students to develop an argument using textual evidence and commentary to support a claim.  This method also allows the student to develop a pattern for creating clear, vivid and precise writing.  This Learning Activity would be for any non-fiction text.

This activity results from the ALEX Resource Development Summit.

  Associated Standards and Objectives  
Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 12
19 ) Write arguments to support claims in an analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence. [W.11-12.1]

a. Introduce precise, knowledgeable claim(s), establish the significance of the claim(s), distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and create an organization that logically sequences claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. [W.11-12.1a]

b. Develop claim(s) and counterclaims fairly and thoroughly, supplying the most relevant evidence for each while pointing out the strengths and limitations of both in a manner that anticipates the audience's knowledge level, concerns, values, and possible biases. [W.11-12.1b]

c. Use words, phrases, and clauses as well as varied syntax to link the major sections of the text, create cohesion, and clarify the relationships between claim(s) and reasons, between reasons and evidence, and between claim(s) and counterclaims. [W.11-12.1c]

d. Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline in which they are writing. [W.11-12.1d]

e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. [W.11-12.1e]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.12.19- Compose an argument to support a claim by stating a claim, providing facts or reasons supporting the claim, and providing an appropriate conclusion related to the stated argument.


Learning Objectives:

Students will be able to

  • write an argument to support a claim.
  • write with predictable structure.
  • construct a graphic organizer that provides a logical sequence.
  Strategies, Preparations and Variations  
Phase:
During/Explore/Explain
Activity:

This activity can be used with any non-fiction text.

  • Choose a non-fiction text 
  • Allow students to read and annotate the text. This process can be done as a whole group, small group or pairs.
  • Conduct a whole group guided discussion. Questions for the discussion can include, but are not limited to:
    • What is the author's argument?
    • How does the author develop his/her argument?
    • What evidence does the author use to support his argument? Do you agree with the author's argument? 

Assessment Strategies:

The teacher should monitor the students progress on the graphic organizer and suggest ideas for students who may have difficulty in finding relevant evidence to support their claims.


Advanced Preparation:

  1. Students should have been introduced to using evidence to support a claim.
  2. The teacher should have copies of the graphic organizer for each student. (The lesson can also be completed using small group instruction where students as a group can develop a group argument with one Graphic Organizer or a with graphic organizers for each student in the group.) 
Variation Tips (optional):

  • The activity can be used with any text.
  • The activity can be used as an individual assignment or as a small group assignment.
  • The activity can also be used as a review exercise for developing confirmation paragraphs for an argument essay.
Notes or Recommendations (optional):

This activity can be used with any text or topic which requires the student to:

  • Support a claim  
  • Provide relevant evidence
  • Develop precise claims
  • Identify valid reasoning
  Keywords and Search Tags  
Keywords and Search Tags: concluding statement, relevant evidence, support claims, valid reasoning