ALEX Learning Activity

  

Synthetic Medicines vs. Natural Remedies in the Media

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  This learning activity provided by:  
Author: Holly Evans
System:Jefferson County
School:Rudd Middle School
  General Activity Information  
Activity ID: 2260
Title:
Synthetic Medicines vs. Natural Remedies in the Media
Digital Tool/Resource:
Video Clip List for Synthetic vs. Natural Medicine
Web Address – URL:
Overview:

In this activity, students will research synthetic medicines and their natural counterparts which perform the same functions.  After evaluating the pros and cons of each, students will write a persuasive paragraph expressing their opinions about whether to use synthetic or natural medicines.

This resource was created as a result of the ALEX Resource Development Summit.

  Associated Standards and Objectives  
Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 8
20 ) Write arguments to support claims with clear reasons and relevant evidence. [W.8.1]

a. Introduce claim(s), acknowledge and distinguish the claim(s) from alternate or opposing claims, and organize the reasons and evidence logically. [W.8.1a]

b. Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant evidence, using accurate, credible sources and demonstrating an understanding of the topic or text. [W.8.1b]

c. Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, and evidence. [W.8.1c]

d. Establish and maintain a formal style. [W.8.1d]

e. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports the argument presented. [W.8.1e]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.8.20- Compose an argument to support a claim by stating a claim, providing facts or reasons supporting the claim, and providing an appropriate conclusion related to the stated argument.


Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 8
Physical Science
3 ) Construct explanations based on evidence from investigations to differentiate among compounds, mixtures, and solutions.

a. Collect and analyze information to illustrate how synthetic materials (e.g., medicine, food additives, alternative fuels, plastics) are derived from natural resources and how they impact society.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
P8.4a: Elements are a class of substances composed of a single kind of atom.

NAEP Statement::
P8.4b: Compounds are composed of two or more different elements.

NAEP Statement::
P8.4c: Each element and compound has physical and chemical properties, such as boiling point, density, color, and conductivity, which are independent of the amount of the sample.


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions; Analyzing and Interpreting Data; Obtaining, Evaluating, and Communicating Information
Crosscutting Concepts: Patterns
Disciplinary Core Idea: Matter and Its Interactions
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Analyze evidence from investigations related to compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Interpret evidence from investigations related to compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Construct explanations to differentiate among compounds, mixtures, and solutions based on evidence from investigations.
  • Collect information related to how synthetic materials are derived from natural resources and how they impact society.
  • Analyze information related to how synthetic materials are derived from natural resources and how they impact society.
  • Use information to illustrate how synthetic materials are derived from natural resources and how they impact society.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Molecule
  • Atom
  • Compound
  • Element
  • Mixture
  • Intermingled
  • Component
  • Physical means
  • Properties
  • Solution
  • Homogeneous
  • Solute
  • Solvent
  • Dissolve
  • Analyze
  • Synthetic
  • Natural resources
  • Society
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • A molecule is formed when two or more atoms join together chemically.
  • A compound is a molecule that contains at least two different elements.
  • All compounds are molecules but not all molecules are compounds.
  • A mixture consists of two or more different elements and/or compounds physically intermingled.
  • A mixture can be separated into its components by physical means, and often retains many of the properties of its components.
  • A solution is a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances. A solution may exist in any phase.
  • A solution consists of a solute and a solvent. The solute is the substance that is dissolved in the solvent.
  • Synthetic materials are made by humans.
  • Synthetic materials can be derived from natural resources through chemical processes.
  • The effects of the production and use of synthetic materials have impacts on society.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Articulate a statement that relates a given phenomenon to a scientific idea, including the differences among compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Identify and use multiple valid and reliable sources of evidence to construct an explanation differentiating among compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Use reasoning to connect the evidence and support an explanation of differences among compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Identify and describe the phenomenon under investigation, which includes the differences among compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Identify and describe the purpose of the investigation, which includes providing evidence of differences among compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Collect and record data, according to the given investigation plan.
  • Evaluate the data to determine the differences between compounds, mixtures, and solutions.
  • Obtain information about synthetic materials from published, grade-level appropriate material from multiple sources.
  • Determine and describe whether the gathered information is relevant.
  • Use information to illustrate how synthetic materials are derived from natural resources.
  • Use information to illustrate how synthetic materials impact society.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Compounds, mixtures, and solutions can be differentiated from one another based on characteristics.
  • Synthetic materials come from natural resources.
  • Synthetic materials have an impact on society.
AMSTI Resources:
AMSTI Module:
Exploring the Properties of Matter
Experimenting with Mixtures, Compounds, and Elements

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.8.3- Differentiate between compounds and mixtures.
SCI.AAS.8.3a- Recognize that synthetic materials are made from natural resources; identify a synthetic material and the natural resource from which it is derived.


Learning Objectives:

1.  Students will be able to evaluate opposing media viewpoints about synthetic/pharmaceutical and natural remedies.

2.  Students will write a paragraph expressing their opinion about using synthetic or natural medicines.

  Strategies, Preparations and Variations  
Phase:
During/Explore/Explain
Activity:

1.  Students will take part in a teacher-facilitated discussion about products they see advertised in as 100% natural in the media or in stores.  They share any experiences they have about prices or effectiveness.

2.  Students view video clips from Video Clips for Synthetic vs. Natural Medicines.

3.  Students work in pairs to use digital devices (laptops, tablets, phones) to search for ads about natural medicines and pharmaceutical products.  Pairs share what they found in a class discussion.

4.  Students write a paragraph to express their personal opinion about the following question:  Should people take synthetic medicines or use natural remedies?  Students should use examples from video clips watched by the class, partner research, or personal experience to support their opinion.

Assessment Strategies:

Student paragraphs are evaluated based on the validity of reasoning and written expression.


Advanced Preparation:

1.  The teacher will need a working internet connection, LCD projector or wall monitor, and speakers.

2.  Student pairs will need access to digital devices and internet connection.

Variation Tips (optional):

Student pairs may be assigned to look for pros or cons for natural and synthetic medicine.

Notes or Recommendations (optional):
 
  Keywords and Search Tags  
Keywords and Search Tags: compounds, media, medicine, natural, synthetic