ALEX Learning Activity

  

Enzyme Research Lab

A Learning Activity is a strategy a teacher chooses to actively engage students in learning a concept or skill using a digital tool/resource.

You may save this Learning Activity to your hard drive as an .html file by selecting “File”,then “Save As” from your browser’s pull down menu. The file name extension must be .html.
  This learning activity provided by:  
Author: Kimberly Simms
System:Lowndes County
School:Calhoun High School
  General Activity Information  
Activity ID: 2305
Title:
Enzyme Research Lab
Digital Tool/Resource:
Enzyme Research Lab Google Slides
Web Address – URL:
Overview:

Students will research the role of enzymes and how their deficiencies can affect living things.

This activity was created as a result of the ALEX Resource Development Summit.

  Associated Standards and Objectives  
Content Standard(s):
Literacy Standards (6-12)
LIT2010 (2010)
Grade: 9-10
Reading Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies
1 ) Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the information.

Unpacked Content
Strand: Reading (RH)
CCR Anchor:
Key Ideas and Details
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • analyze primary sources
  • analyze secondary sources
  • cite specific textual evidence to support analysis
  • attend to features (such as date and origin of information) when analyzing sources
  • share analysis in written or spoken form
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • cite
  • specific textual evidence
  • support analysis
  • primary sources
  • secondary sources
  • features
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • techniques for selecting textual evidence
  • features of primary sources
  • features of secondary sources
  • techniques for understanding features of sources (such as date and origin of the information)
  • questions to ask when analyzing sources
  • techniques for constructing an analysis of sources
  • VOCABULARY: primary source, secondary source, textual evidence
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • analyze primary sources
  • analyze secondary sources
  • construct an analysis (written or spoken) of sources
  • attend to features of sources (such as date and origin of the information) in analysis
  • cite specific textual evidence to support analysis
Understanding:
Students understand that strength of the analysis of primary and secondary sources depends upon citing specific textual evidence.
Science
SC2015 (2015)
Grade: 9-12
Biology
1 ) Use models to compare and contrast how the structural characteristics of carbohydrates, nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids define their function in organisms.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L12.1: Living systems are made of complex molecules (including carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and nucleic acids) that consist mostly of a few elements, especially carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and phosphorous.

NAEP Statement::
L12.2: Cellular processes are carried out by many different types of molecules, mostly proteins. Protein molecules are long, usually folded chains made from combinations of amino-acid molecules. Protein molecules assemble fats and carbohydrates and carry out other cellular functions. The function of each protein molecule depends on its specific sequence of amino acids and the shape of the molecule.

NAEP Statement::
L12.4: Plants have the capability (through photosynthesis) to take energy from light to form higher energy sugar molecules containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen from lower energy molecules. These sugar molecules can be used to make amino acids and other carbon-containing (organic) molecules and assembled into larger molecules with biological activity (including proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, and fats).


Unpacked Content
Scientific And Engineering Practices:
Developing and Using Models
Crosscutting Concepts: Structure and Function
Disciplinary Core Idea: From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Describe the particles that compose an atom and relate these particles to types of chemical bonding such as covalent, ionic and hydrogen and describe Van der Waals forces.
  • Identify patterns in the elements that compose each macromolecule and the arrangement of monomer units in carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids .
  • Use standard experimental tests to predict the macromolecular content of a given substance.
  • Use models to differentiate macromolecules based on common characteristics.
  • Build models of each of the four macromolecules (carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids) and describe their role in biological processes.
  • Compare and contrast the structure of each macromolecule and predict the function of each from its structure.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • Atom
  • Nucleus
  • Proton
  • Neutron
  • Electron
  • Element
  • Compound
  • Isotope
  • Covalent bond
  • Molecule
  • Ion
  • Ionic bond
  • Van der Waals force
  • Macromolecule
  • Polymer
  • Carbohydrate
  • Monosaccharide
  • Disaccharide
  • Polysaccharide
  • Lipid
  • Saturated fats
  • Unsaturated fats
  • Triglyceride
  • Phospholipid
  • Hydrophobic
  • Steroids
  • Protein
  • Amino acid
  • Peptide bonds
  • Nucleic acid
  • Nucleotide
  • DNA
  • RNA
  • ATP
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • An atom is composed of smaller particles, such as protons, neutrons and electrons.
  • Atoms of the same or different elements can form chemical bonds. The type of bond formed, such as covalent, ionic, or hydrogen, depends on the atomic structure of the element. Carbohydrates, Lipids, proteins and nucleic acids are the four macromolecules that compose life.
  • Carbohydrates are composed of a monomer of one carbon, 2 hydrogen and one oxygen atoms (CH2O). The role of carbohydrates in biological processes such as photosynthesis and cellular respiration.
  • The role of lipids in biological processes such as cell membrane function and energy storage.
  • The basic structure of a lipid includes fatty acid tails composed of a chain of carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen and other carbon atoms by single or double bonds.
  • Proteins are made of amino acids, which are small compounds that are made of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen hydrogen and sometimes sulfur. The structure of an amino acid consists of a carbon atom in the center which is bonded with a hydrogen, an amino group, a carboxyl group and a variable group—its that variable group that makes each amino acid different.
  • The roles of proteins in biological processes such as enzyme function or structural functionality.
  • Nucleic acids are made of smaller repeating subuntits composed of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and hydrogen atoms, called nucleotides.
  • There are six major nucleotides—all of which have three units—a phosphate, a nitrogenous base, and a ribose sugar. The role of nucleic acids in biological processes such as transmission of hereditary information.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Describe the particles that compose an atom.
  • Relate atomic particles to types of chemical bonding such as covalent, ionic and hydrogen.
  • Describe Van der Waals forces.
  • Identify patterns in the elements that compose each macromolecule.
  • Identify the arrangement of monomer units in carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids.
  • Differentiate macromolecules based on common characteristics.
  • Construct models of the four major macromolecules.
  • Analyze models of the four major biomolecules to identify the monomer unit that repeats across the macromolecule polymer and relate molecular structure to biological function.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Cells are made of atoms.
  • The four macromolecules that compose life are carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins.
  • Macromolecules contain distinct patterns of monomer subunits that repeat across the macromolecule polymer and that structure affects the biological function of the macromolecule.
AMSTI Resources:
ASIM Module:
Macromolecules: Structure and Function; DNA Model; Enzymes; Designer Enzymes; Macromolecules in Food

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.B.HS.2- Recognize organelles (e.g., mitochondria, ribosomes, chloroplasts) and their functions within plant and animal cells.


Digital Literacy and Computer Science
DLIT (2018)
Grade: 9-12
R5) Locate and curate information from digital sources to answer research questions.

Unpacked Content
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students will:
  • locate and curate information from digital sources to answer given research questions.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • curate
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • how to find valid sources to answer a given research topic.
  • how to cite sources.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • locate valid digital resources to answer given research questions.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • a great deal of information is available.
  • it is important to validate information and to cite the source of information.
Learning Objectives:

Students will:

  1. compare and contrast how the structural characteristic of protein define their function in organisms.
  2. locate information from digital sources regarding enzymes and their importance to living things.
  3. cite text evidence by origin of the information. 
  Strategies, Preparations and Variations  
Phase:
During/Explore/Explain
Activity:

Teacher will:

  1. Put students into groups.
  2. Allow students access to the Internet, computers, iPads, Tablets, or Smartphones.
  3. Project the research lab presentation on the board.

The student will:

  1.  Get in the groups that the teacher has selected.
  2.  Utilize the Internet in an appropriate manner to research specific topics.
  3. Provide credit to the source of information that they have obtained by citing textual evidence.
Assessment Strategies:

Students will be assessed on their research skills by the following rubric.


Advanced Preparation:

Teachers should have already taught information about proteins, enzymes, and their purpose.

Variation Tips (optional):
 
Notes or Recommendations (optional):

This could also be done as an outside the classroom activity.

  Keywords and Search Tags  
Keywords and Search Tags: enzymes, pH, proteins, temperature