# ALEX Learning Activity

## Facts Fluency and Problem Solving With Ken Ken

A Learning Activity is a strategy a teacher chooses to actively engage students in learning a concept or skill using a digital tool/resource.

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This learning activity provided by:
 Author: Mary Andrews System: Lanett City School: W. O. Lance Elementary
General Activity Information
 Activity ID: 2330 Title: Facts Fluency and Problem Solving With Ken Ken Digital Tool/Resource: Ken Ken Web Address – URL: https://www.kenkenpuzzle.com/play_now# Overview: Ken Ken is a fun and engaging way for students to practice fluency with math facts as well as develop deductive reasoning skills.  This activity presents the game rules to the students and shows them how to choose the correct size and difficulty level to meet their needs. This activity was created as a result of the ALEX Resource Development Summit.
Associated Standards and Objectives
Content Standard(s):
 Mathematics MA2015 (2016) Grade: 2 2 ) Fluently add and subtract within 20 using mental strategies. (See standard 6, Grade 1, for a list of mental strategies.) By end of Grade 2, know from memory all sums of two one-digit numbers. [2-OA2] NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: 4NPO3a: Add and subtract: Whole numbers, or Fractions with like denominators, or Decimals through hundredths. NAEP Statement:: 4NPO3f: Solve application problems involving numbers and operations. Mathematics MA2015 (2016) Grade: 3 4 ) Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. [3-OA4] NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: 4A4a: Find the value of the unknown in a whole number sentence. NAEP Statement:: 4NPO5b: Identify factors of whole numbers. NAEP Statement:: 4NPO5e: Apply basic properties of operations. NAEP Statement:: 8NPO3a: Perform computations with rational numbers. Mathematics MA2015 (2016) Grade: 3 7 ) Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 x 5 = 40, one knows 40 ÷ 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers. [3-OA7] NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: 4NPO3c: Divide whole numbers: Up to three digits by one digit with paper and pencil computation, or Up to five digits by two digits with use of calculator. NAEP Statement:: 8NPO3a: Perform computations with rational numbers. NAEP Statement:: 8NPO3d: Describe the effect of multiplying and dividing by numbers including the effect of multiplying or dividing a rational number by: Zero, or A number less than zero, or A number between zero and one, One, or A number greater than one. Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: M.AAS.3.7- Multiply and divide one-digit numbers using repeated addition or repeated subtraction where the products are within twenty and the factors are one, two, three, four, five, or ten using multiplication and division tools. Mathematics MA2015 (2016) Grade: 4 4 ) Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range 1-100. Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1-100 is a multiple of a given one-digit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range 1-100 is prime or composite. [4-OA4] NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: 4NPO5b: Identify factors of whole numbers. NAEP Statement:: 4NPO5e: Apply basic properties of operations. NAEP Statement:: 8NPO3a: Perform computations with rational numbers. NAEP Statement:: 8NPO5b: Recognize, find, or use factors, multiples, or prime factorization. NAEP Statement:: 8NPO5c: Recognize or use prime and composite numbers to solve problems. Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: M.AAS.4.4- Arrange, match, and/or recognize factor pairs limited to ones, twos, threes, fours, fives, and tens to their products using models or tools.
Learning Objectives:

Students will demonstrate fluency with addition, subtraction, multiplication and/or division facts (depending on grade/ability level) to recognize various combinations to get a particular sum, difference, product, and/or quotient to solve a grid-type puzzle.

Strategies, Preparations and Variations
 Phase: After/Explain/Elaborate Activity: Get the students thinking by asking them how many different ways they can get the number "6" by adding or subtracting (or multiplying or dividing) single digit numbers.Project the KenKen game "How to Play" page for the class to view as a whole group and then demonstrate with an example. KenKen simple tutorial  (for lower level students)Expert KenKen tutorial  (for more advanced students) Students will then go to the website, choose a game to match their level, and work through puzzles at their own pace. Assessment Strategies: Students will show the teacher their "congratulations" screen when they complete a puzzle.The teacher can also give students a printed puzzle to solve as an assessment. Advanced Preparation: Students will need access to computers/devices with Internet access.Teacher should be familiar with the How to Play page.Teacher can subscribe to the free KenKen Classroom Program to received free weekly printable puzzles of varying difficulty. Variation Tips (optional): Notes or Recommendations (optional): This resource can be tailored to differentiate for a wide range of learner abilities.Students should start with easier puzzles as they learn how to play the game and then be encouraged to try more challenging ones as they become more proficient.By subscribing to the Kenken Classroom Program, teachers can receive weekly emails of printable KenKen puzzles of varying difficulty.
Keywords and Search Tags
 Keywords and Search Tags: addition, division, facts, fluency, logical reasoning, multiplication, problem solving, subtraction