# ALEX Learning Activity

## Transforming Multistep Word Problems to Equations

A Learning Activity is a strategy a teacher chooses to actively engage students in learning a concept or skill using a digital tool/resource.

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This learning activity provided by:
 Author: Hannah Bradley System: Dothan City School: Carver Magnet School
General Activity Information
 Activity ID: 2505 Title: Transforming Multistep Word Problems to Equations Digital Tool/Resource: Creating Equations from Word Problems StudyJam Web Address – URL: http://studyjams.scholastic.com/studyjams/jams/math/problem-solving/pscreating-equations.htm Overview: This video will introduce students to the skill of writing equations based on word problems. There is also a karaoke-style video that reminds students of the steps for transforming word problems into equations as well as important vocabulary words. There is a corresponding seven-question quiz that will be used to assess student understanding of this concept. This activity results from the ALEX Resource Development Summit.
Associated Standards and Objectives
Content Standard(s):
 Mathematics MA2019 (2019) Grade: 4 3. Determine and justify solutions for multi-step word problems, including problems where remainders must be interpreted. a. Write equations to show solutions for multi-step word problems with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. b. Determine reasonableness of answers for multi-step word problems, using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding. Unpacked Content Evidence Of Student Attainment:Students: When given multi step word problems, Solve a variety of multistep word problems involving all four operations on whole numbers including problems where remainders must be interpreted. Explain and justify solutions using connections between the problem and related equations involving a single (letter) unknown. Evaluate the reasonableness of solutions using estimation strategies. Note: Multi step problems must have at least 3 steps.Teacher Vocabulary:Operation Multi Step problem Remainder Unknown quantity Equation Rounding Mental strategy Partition Estimation ReasonablenessKnowledge:Students know: Context situations represented by the four operations. How to calculate sums, differences, products, and quotients. Estimation strategies to justify solutions as reasonable.Skills:Students are able to: Solve multi-step word situations using the four operations. Represent quantities and operations physically, pictorially, or symbolically. Write equations to represent the word problem and use symbols to represent unknown quantities. Use context and reasoning to interpret remainders. Use estimation strategies to assess reasonableness of answers by comparing actual answers to estimates.Understanding:Students understand that: Using problem solving strategies will help them determine which operation to use to solve a problem. Remainders must be interpreted based on the context, and remainders are sometimes ignored, rounded up, or partitioned.Diverse Learning Needs: Essential Skills:Learning Objectives: M.4.3.1: Use multiplication and division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, and measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. M.4.3.2: Solve single-step word problems. M.4.3.3: Recognize key terms to solve word problems. Examples: in all, how much, how many, in each. M.4.3.4: Solve division problems without remainders. M.4.3.5: Recall basic addition, subtraction, and multiplication facts. Prior Knowledge Skills:Demonstrate computational understanding of multiplication and division by solving authentic problems with multiple representations using drawings, words, and/or numbers. Identify key vocabulary words to solve multiplication and division word problems. Examples: times, every, at this rate, each, per, equal/equally, in all, total. Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects, drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. Recall basic multiplication facts. Add and subtract within 20. Represent repeated addition, subtraction, and equal groups using manipulatives. Distinguish between rows and columns. Use repeated addition to solve problems with multiple addends. Count forward in multiples from a given number. Examples: 3, 6, 9, 12; 4, 8, 12, 16. Recall doubles addition facts. Model written method for composing equations. Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: M.AAS.4.1 Solve one-step word problems involving real-life situations using the four operations within 100 without regrouping and select the appropriate method of computation when problem solving.
Learning Objectives:

Students will solve multistep word problems with whole numbers by representing these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity.

Strategies, Preparations and Variations
 Phase: Before/Engage Activity: 1. The teacher should play the video for the students. The teacher could also play the karaoke-style video for students which will help them remember important vocabulary associated with word problems, as well as the steps to transform a word problem into an equation. Printable lyrics are available.2. After watching the video, the teacher should present the seven-question quiz (see the Variation Tips for presentation options). The students should write down their answers for the quiz questions on a sheet of paper. Assessment Strategies: The teacher should take up students' answers from the quiz and assess for accuracy. The quiz answers and feedback are available on the digital resource website. Advanced Preparation: The teacher will need internet access and video-playing capabilities. The students will need paper to write their answers for the quiz. Variation Tips (optional): The teacher could create anchor charts for the vocabulary words presented in the video and/or the steps for transforming a word problem to an equation. If needed, the teacher could complete the first few questions of the quiz to review the skill prior to having students complete questions on their own. Students could also work with a partner or small group to complete the questions. The teacher can play the video and show the quiz questions to the class as a whole, or the website could be shared with students to be viewed on their own digital devices. The students could complete the quiz online, rather than writing answers down on paper. Notes or Recommendations (optional): ALCOS 20193. Determine and justify solutions for multi-step word problems, including problems where remainders must be interpreted. a. Write equations to show solutions for multi-step word problems with a letter standing for the unknown quantity. b.Determine reasonableness of answers for multi-step word problems, using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.
Keywords and Search Tags
 Keywords and Search Tags: addition, division, equations, multiplication, multistep, subtraction, unknown, variables, whole numbers, word problems