ALEX Learning Activity

  

A Day of Infamy

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  This learning activity provided by:  
Author: Ashley Borden
Organization:University of North Alabama
  General Activity Information  
Activity ID: 398
Title:
A Day of Infamy
Digital Tool/Resource:
President Franklin D. Roosevelt Declares War on Japan (Full Speech) War Archives
Web Address – URL:
Overview:

This YouTube video can be used to introduce a lesson on World War II and the reasons for the United States' entry into the war.  This is a video of President Roosevelt delivering his speech the day after the attach on Pearl Harbor declaring war on Japan.

  Associated Standards and Objectives  
Content Standard(s):
Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 6
United States Studies: The Industrial Revolution to the Present
6 ) Identify causes and consequences of World War II and reasons for the United States' entry into the war.

•  Locating on a map Allied countries and Axis Powers
•  Locating on a map key engagements of World War II, including Pearl Harbor; the battles of Normandy, Stalingrad, and Midway; and the Battle of the Bulge
•  Identifying key figures of World War II, including Franklin D. Roosevelt, Sir Winston Churchill, Harry S. Truman, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Michinomiya Hirohito, and Hideki Tōjō
•  Describing the development of and the decision to use the atomic bomb
•  Describing human costs associated with World War II
Examples: the Holocaust, civilian and military casualties

•  Explaining the importance of the surrender of the Axis Powers ending World War II
Unpacked Content
Strand: Geography, History, Civics and Government
Course Title: United States Studies: The Industrial Revolution to the Present
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Identify the causes and consequences of WWII.
  • Identify the factors that led to U.S. entry into WWII.
  • Locate on a map Allied and Axis Powers and key engagements of WWII.
  • Identify significant persons involved in WWII.
  • Describe the creation of the atomic bomb and decision to drop the atomic bomb.
  • Describe the human cost of WWII.
  • Explain the Axis Powers' surrender and the importance of this in ending WWII.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • consequences
  • Allies
  • Axis Powers
  • World War II
  • Pearl Harbor
  • Battle of Normandy
  • Battle of Stalingrad
  • Battle of Midway
  • Battle of the Bulge
  • Atomic Bomb
  • Holocaust
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • How to identify the causes and consequences of WWII and what led to U.S. involvement in WWII.
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Recognize relationships among people and places by locating historical events on a map.
  • Cite evidence to support historical events using primary and secondary sources.
  • Describe how world events contribute to international conflict.
  • Examine the contributions of significant individuals and/or groups, and their role in WWII.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • There were many causes and consequences of WWII and the motivations for American involvement in this war.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.6.6- Identify the broad causes and participants of World War II; locate major World War II countries on a map and label Axis and Allied countries; identify at least one major individual involved in World War II including FDR, Adolf Hitler, Winston Churchill, and Joseph Stalin; identify at least one major event of World War II, including the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Holocaust, and the bombing Hiroshima.


Learning Objectives:

Students will be able to identify reasons for the United States' entry into the war.

  Strategies, Preparations and Variations  
Phase:
Before/Engage
Activity:

The students will view this video clip of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's speech the morning after the attack on Pearl Harbor.  Students will be given a sticky note to write a quote from the video clip.  Students should be prepared to explain what they think the quote meant as it was used in context in President Roosevelt's speech.

Assessment Strategies:

Students will be assessed through oral discussion about the quote they share with classmates.


Advanced Preparation:

Before beginning the lesson, the teacher should preview the clip and secure YouTube access.

The clip should be opened, paused and ready to play before the beginning of the lesson.

Variation Tips (optional):

Students should have some background knowledge of World War 2 and the events before Pearl Harbor.

Teacher should make appropriate accommodations for students with hearing or visual impairments.

Notes or Recommendations (optional):
 
  Keywords and Search Tags  
Keywords and Search Tags: