[SC2015] BIOL (9-12) 3 :
3 ) Formulate an evidence-based explanation regarding how the composition of
deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) determines the structural organization of proteins.
a. Obtain and evaluate experiments of major scientists and communicate
their contributions to the development of the structure of DNA and to the
development of the central dogma of molecular biology.
b. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information that explains how advancements in genetic technology (e.g., Human Genome Project, Encyclopedia of DNA Elements [ENCODE] project, 1000 Genomes Project) have contributed to the understanding as to how a genetic change at the DNA level may affect proteins and, in turn, influence the appearance of traits.
c. Obtain information to identify errors that occur during DNA replication
(e.g., deletion, insertion, translocation, substitution, inversion, frame-shift,