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# Lesson Plans

## Using Scratch to Create a Multiple Game

### Overview

Students will use the free online coding program Scratch to learn the basics of coding and how to use blocks and animations to create a game. Students will create a game to find multiples of a given factor by making a character fly into the correct multiple of the given factor. The student will go through a series of coding steps to create a background, make a character fly, and create the factor and multiple game.

This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science, GEMS Project.

4

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

Students will collaborate with others to create a working game in the block-based visual program Scratch.

Students will identify errors in coding algorithms to create a working program.

Students will find the multiples of a given one-digit whole number.

## Symbols All Around Us

### Overview

This lesson will focus on American symbols. Students will identify American symbols and explain how they represent the United States of America. Symbols include the Liberty Bell, Bald Eagle, Statue of Liberty, United States Flag, Washington Monument, and the Lincoln Memorial. Students will work in pairs and conduct research about American symbols and create a digital story about a symbol of their choosing.

This lesson was created as part of a collaboration between Alabama Technology in Motion and ALEX.

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

<ul><li>I can name and identify United States symbols.</li></ul><ul><li>I can collaborate with my classmates and create a digital story about a United States symbol and discuss ways it represents our nation.</li></ul>

### National/Other Standards

ISTE Standards for Students

Knowledge Constructor

3a

Students plan and employ effective research strategies to locate information and other resources for their intellectual or creative pursuits.

3c

Students curate information from digital resources using a variety of tools and methods to create collections of artifacts that demonstrate meaningful connections or conclusions.

5b

Students collect data or identify relevant data sets, use digital tools to analyze them, and represent data in various ways to facilitate problem-solving and decision-making.

6c

Students communicate complex ideas clearly and effectively by creating or using a variety of digital objects such as visualizations, models or simulations.

6d

Students publish or present content that customizes the message and medium for their intended audiences.

7c

Students contribute constructively to project teams, assuming various roles and responsibilities to work effectively toward a common goal.

## Exploring Nonfiction Texts to Determine How Climate Impacts Different Weather Phenomenon

### Overview

The lesson will begin with students accessing their prior knowledge of weather and climates by completing a warm-up writing prompt. Students will then move to reading texts on the subjects of tornadoes, hurricanes, earthquakes, and droughts to determine if and how climate affects these weather phenomena. In groups, students will create a half-poster that describes their findings in text and pictures. At the end of the lesson, students will view a graph to extend their learning about tornadoes and hint at a future lesson while also completing an "exit ticket" as a means of summative assessment.

This unit was created as part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.

3

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

• Students will analyze nonfiction texts that explore how different climates influence weather.
• Students will interpret the information from the nonfiction texts to complete a group activity in order to discuss the impact of different climates on weather with the class.
• Students will interpret data in order to understand how the weather is directly related to the climate of an area and the impact that the weather phenomena can have on an area.

## Tornadoes: Cause and Effect

### Overview

The lesson will begin with a brief review of the previous lesson on how climates and geographic locations can affect weather patterns and produce natural disasters. Students will watch a short video during the before strategy to engage learners in the lesson on a particular natural disaster--tornadoes. Students will read various texts and charts in order to understand the causes and effects of tornadoes, putting the information in a T-chart to help organize their thoughts. Students will then discuss their findings with an elbow partner and then write a two-paragraph cause-and-effect essay which will serve as the summative assessment.

This unit was created as part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.

6

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

• Students will analyze and interpret data to determine the cause and effects of tornadoes.
• Students will write a cause-and-effect two-paragraph essay on tornadoes and describe the damage that they can cause.

## Preparing for Natural Disasters: Tornado

### Overview

The lesson will begin by students performing a think-aloud as they consider the similarities of five words:  tornado, shelter, basement, underground, and safe room. Students will use a pros and cons graphic organizer as they read articles on three different types of tornado shelters: underground shelters, part of the house shelters, and prebuilt shelters. The students will find the advantages and disadvantages of each type of structure. At the end of the lesson, the teacher will create a table that lists all the shelters and the pros and cons of each. Students will then determine which shelter they feel is most efficient in an "exit slip" response.

This unit was created as part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.

3

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

• Students will collect information from various websites on constructing tornado shelters.
• Students will arrange the information on the different types of tornado shelters from non-fiction text passages in a graphic organizer.
• Students will analyze the structures and determine which structure they feel has the most potential to remain intact during a tornado.

## Energy and Work Amusement Park Style

### Overview

This is a lesson presenting energy and work. It covers: types of energy, forms of energy, work, law of conservation of energy, and renewable and nonrenewable energy sources. In the activities section, one will find links to Internet sites that explore concepts of energy and work. Interactive labs are also included in this lesson. The lesson can serve as a student-led or teacher-led lesson. It gives a brief statement of facts; therefore, the teacher must provide expansions, if needed. The expansions could come from the Internet sites since many of them go into more detail about the concepts. The teacher will also be expected to supply some form of assessment for the lesson.

9, 10, 11, 12

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

Standard VII, Objective 1, from the AHSGE
The students will distinguish between kinetic and potential energy. The students will recognize that energy can change from one form to other forms with no loss of total energy. The students will identify and describe several forms of energy. The students will compare the scientific meaning of work and its everyday meaning.

## Expressionism: What&rsquo;s the deal with these strange colors?

### Overview

The students will gain a good understanding of the history of Expressionism painting and its use of color and paint application to establish an “emotional feel”. They will use this knowledge to create their own expressionistic oil painting.

9, 10, 11, 12

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

Students will exercise their critical thinking skills.
Students will learn how to express themselves through artwork without being too literal.

### Additional Learning Objective(s)

Students will gain hands on experience with the use of oil paint as an art medium.
Students will gain an understanding of how to use a digital camera to take a photograph.
Students will learn how to properly prepare and clean art material pertaining to oil painting.

## Weather Detectives

### Overview

This is an introductory lesson to a second grade weather unit. The students will be observing the weather each day for one week and recording their observations in a chart. The students will be integrating information from the Internet as well as what they learn in English by using adjectives in their descriptions. After the students have collected data for a week, in cooperative groups, they will predict the weather for the next week. The teacher will show the students guides or weather reports from past years for that particular week in order to guide them in the direction of an accurate prediction. The students will go to a technology lab to look up and record the weather from a teacher-selected web site.

K

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

Students will understand how observational skills can help them evaluate the weather.

### Additional Learning Objective(s)

1. Students will record five daily weather observations from the Internet and outside their classroom in their observation charts for five days. 2. Students will learn to read a thermometer and record the daily temperature two times a day in their observation charts for five days. 3. In cooperative groups of 3-4, the students will make a three-day prediction of the weather which includes the following: temperature morning and late afternoon, sky conditions, precipitation, and wind speed. These predictions will be recorded in the observation chart in addition to writing the basis for these predictions. 4. Students will be able to determine what types of clothing are necessary for the present weather conditions by writing a clothing suggestion to accompany their observations and predictions.

## What do Plants Need?

### Overview

In this lesson, students will understand that in order to grow healthy plants, soil, water, light, and air must be provided. Students will use math skills such as measurement and science process skills such as observation, comparing, and recording data.

2

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

Students will be able to identify air, water, soil, and light as four needs of plants. Students will learn how to care for plants. They will analyze how roots, stems, and leaves help plants survive. Students will also learn the importance of observation, comparison and record keeping.

## Read All About It! Supreme Court Case Makes Headlines!

### Overview

This is a project to conclude the study of the Judicial Branch of our government. The students, working in pairs, will be assigned a landmark Supreme Court case to research in a computer lab setting. They will then construct a one-page newsletter on the case which will include a summary of the case, two pictures, a short biography on one of the justices on the Court at that time, and an editorial describing their reaction to the case.

7

Lesson Plan

### Primary Learning Objectives

The students will gain an understanding of a landmark Supreme Court case and determine who would be most affected by the decision of the Court. This knowledge will be demonstrated by the creation of a newsletter using word processing software with text boxes or desktop publishing software. The students will learn how to use text boxes and be able to import pictures from the Internet into their documents.

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