1.)Introduce the lesson by explaining that writers and speakers often use expressions that don't mean exactly what the words say. Introduce the words "figurative" and "literal." Read aloud More Parts, by Tedd Arnold. As you read, point out a couple of the phrases that mean one thing while saying something else. Don't use the word "idiom" yet.
2.)After reading the book, ask the children to recall all the silly phrases they heard.
3.)Make a chart with two columns (or download from the Makes Sense CD a two-column graphic organizer and print it on a transparency); label one column "figurative meaning" and one "literal meaning." Lead the class in listing the silly phrases from the story under "figurative meaning;" discuss with the students what a couple of the phrases literally mean. Have students complete the second column headed "literal" on their own organizers.
4.)Introduce the word "idiom" and guide students to arrive at a proper definition.
5.)Encourage the students to think of any other idioms that they've heard before. Discuss their figurative and literal meanings.
6.)Accompany students to the computer lab where they can play the game "Paint By Idioms" found at Funbrain.com.
(Paint by Idioms
)This site offers various learning games for children. Paint By Idioms is an excellent game to help students become more aware of idioms in everyday life.
7.)Using a word processing program, students should select their favorite idiom, type it at the top of the page, type its explanation and a sentence or short paragraph using it correctly, and import clipart (or use drawing software) to illustrate the phrase. Print.
Option for Limited computer availability: Back in the classroom, pass out a piece of white paper. Instruct the students to write their selected idioms at the top of the page followed by the literal meaning. At the bottom of the page, students should write a sentence or short paragraph using the idiom. In the middle of the paper, students should draw and color a picture to illustrate the figurative meaning.
8.)Display selected completed assignments within the classroom.