ALEX Lesson Plan


Roman Arches

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  This lesson provided by:  
Author:Christine Mathews
System: Huntsville City
School: Lakewood Elementary School
  General Lesson Information  
Lesson Plan ID: 12999


Roman Arches


Students will watch a slideshow presentation on Roman arches with followup discussions and activities focusing on the arch as it is used in architecture and art images. They will then create a collograph using an arch.

 Associated Standards and Objectives 
Content Standard(s):
AED (3) Visual Arts
3. Apply the elements of art and principles of design, including complementary and monochromatic color schemes, value, contrast, and asymmetrical balance in works of art.
Examples: using positive and negative space or complementary color schemes to create contrast in designs, using gray scales, mixing white to create tints and black to create shades
AED (3) Visual Arts
5. Demonstrate appropriate safety, care, and use of art materials and equipment.
AED (4) Visual Arts
1. Produce two- and three-dimensional works of art with a variety of traditional and digital processes, materials, subject matter, and techniques.
processes--using a digital camera to create images to be digitally altered;
materials--creating papier-mâché animals;
subject matter--creating portraits, landscapes, still lifes, interiors, or seascapes;
techniques--layering materials such as cardboard, rubber, fabric, paper clips, and papers to create a collagraph
AED (4) Visual Arts
5. Describe functions of art within the total environment, including functional sculptures, urban improvement, and transportation.
functional sculptures--fountains, benches, playground equipment;
urban improvement--murals on walls;
AED (5) Visual Arts
2. Apply variety and unity in the production of two- and three-dimensional works of art.
Example: using Joan Miró's Horse Carnival of Harlequins to create a circus, carnival, zoo painting, or diorama
  • Producing moving and stationary sculptures
  • Examples: mobiles, totem poles, origami paper sculptures, clay coil or slab-built pottery
    AED (5) Visual Arts
    4. Critique personal works of art orally or in writing according to specified criteria, including elements of art, principals of design, technical skill, and creativity.
  • Organizing the progression of artwork in a personal portfolio
  • AED (5) Visual Arts
    6. Describe works of art according to the style of various cultures, times, and places.
    cultures--artistic styles of Native American cultures of the Southwestern and Pacific Northwestern United States,
    times--Asher B. Durand's early nineteenth-century painting Kindred Spirits,
    places--gargoyles and sculptures known as grotesques from European countries
  • Describing ways in which the subject matter of other disciplines is interrelated with the visual arts
  • Examples:
    mathematics--Mavrits Cornelis (M. C.) Esher and tesselations;
    language arts--Patricia Pollaco and book illustrations;
    social studies--Matthew Brady and Civil War photography;
    science--transformation of shapes to forms, circles to spheres, squares to cubes, and triangles to pyramids
    TC2 (3-5)
    8. Collect information from a variety of digital sources.
    Examples: online libraries, multimedia dictionaries
  • Using technology tools to organize information
  • Demonstrating efficient Internet search strategies
  • Example: keyword search
  • Evaluating electronic resources for reliability based on publication date, bias, accuracy, and source credibility
  • Local/National Standards:


    Primary Learning Objective(s):

    Students will explain what an arch is and how it is used in architecture. Students will create a collograph using arches and print it in studio art. Students will use the Internet to visit the Colosseum.

    Additional Learning Objective(s):

     Preparation Information 

    Total Duration:

    91 to 120 Minutes

    Materials and Resources:

    12 x 18 white drawing paper, newsprint paper, scissors, glue, cardboard, printing ink, brayer, burnisher, paper towels, and drying rack

    Technology Resources Needed:

    Computer with Internet access, presentation software or PowerPoint Viewer (free download)


    Students will need to have a basic knowledge of using the Internet.

    1.)Students will view the attached slideshow presentation, Roman Arches followed by discussion. Ask students to give other examples of arches.

    2.)The teacher will demonstrate how to create a collograph using cardboard. A pattern will be made from paper so the arch shape is symmetrical. Then glue the arch onto the cardboard. Make sure that everything is glued on very well. If using white glue be sure to let it dry completely. Students will create their own collograph. Let dry.

    3.)Teacher will demonstrate how to ink and print the collograph using print making ink, brayers, burnishers and paper.

    4.)When the design is well glued students can begin to apply the ink. The ink should dab on with a brush. Do not brush it on as it may damage the collage. Cover the entire surface thoroughly, but don't allow the ink to pool or it will become too thick. If this happens the print will not be clear. Ink dries fairly slowly so take the time to make sure that the surface is well covered. If paint is used students will probably have to work faster.

    5.)Students are now ready to print. First lay a piece of newsprint/practice paper on top of inked design. With even pressure roll the brayer across the backside of the paper. Just make one or two passes but do not roll the brayer back and forth as it can get smeared. Peel the paper off the design and observe. If it looks blurred there is probably too much ink. It is possible that if students instantly do a print using the quality paper they might get the results they are looking for because the newsprint paper pulled the excess ink off. They can also try wiping some of the ink off carefully. If the print is too faint they may have to apply more ink or paint. In this type of printing they will usually have to apply ink after every print.

    6.)Students will take a virtual tour of the Colloseum using the Internet.
    (Colosseo: Virtual Tour of the Roman Colosseum)
    Take a virtual tour of the Roman Colloseum.

    7.)Teacher Resources: Examples of collographs
    (David Owen Hastings)
    Artist David Owen Hastings has examples of collographs on this website.

    8.)Use the attached rubric for evaluation. Display the student work in the halls.

    **Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download.

    Assessment Strategies

    Teacher observation in class discussion and creation of the collograph will be used for assessment. The attached rubric may be used for assessment of the collograph.





    Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom accommodations for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions; poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.

    Presentation of Material Environment
    Time Demands Materials
    Attention Using Groups and Peers
    Assisting the Reluctant Starter Dealing with Inappropriate Behavior
    Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.