1.)Inform students they are going to learn to use a compass. Ask students to share what they know about compasses. Then teach students how to use a compass.
First, hold the compass so the magnetic needle turns freely.
Rotate the compass dial to a desired bearing (so the sighting line falls directly on a bearing such as 90 degrees which is east).
Hold the compass so that the back of the compass (part of the compass base opposite the direction of travel arrow) is at the belly button.
Keeping the back of the compass at the belly button, turn in a circle until the red end of the magnetic needle lines up with zero degrees (north) on the compass dial.
The direction of travel arrow now points to the bearing set on the compass.
2.)Review the following sites with students to help them develop a better understanding of a compass.
(How to use a compass
)This site teaches specific information for using a compass.
4.)Walk students through cues and repeat the steps to face different directions and bearings.
Practice travelling at specific bearings by setting the compass to a bearing, picking a spot on the gym wall that the directional arrow points to, and walking toward that spot.
Write the following directions on different papers so that each course is on a different piece of paper:
120 degrees - 10 steps
240 degrees - 10 steps
0 degrees - 10 steps
300 degrees - 8 steps
60 degrees - 8 steps
180 degrees - 8 steps
90 degrees - 12 steps
180 degrees - 12 steps
270 degrees - 12 steps
0 degrees - 12 steps
90 degrees - 6 steps
180 degrees - 8 steps
330 degrees - 10 steps
130 degrees - 3 steps
220 degrees - 4 steps
310 degrees - 6 steps
100 degrees - 5 steps
110 degrees - 6 steps
200 degrees - 8 steps
290 degrees - 12 steps
80 degrees - 10 steps
Partner students and have them read their compass to follow the different courses.
6.)Set up the scavenger hunt by spreading a marker on the floor of the beginning area.
Fold the coordinate papers and parts of the phrase and insert these in each balloon.
Blow up the balloons and place them at the different coordinates.
Have students travel around the school using a compass to find the phrases in the balloons.
7.)When groups have their complete phrase have them bring it to the teacher. Ask each member to identify the parts of the compass as they turn in their phrases.