1.)Introduce a class discussion of natural disasters by discussing tornadoes with students. Instruct students to describe their feelings about tornadoes and share personal experiences. Guide students to create a semantic map dealing with tornadoes and how they affect people.
2.)Inform students that tornadoes are one of many natural events that affect humans. Guide the class to generate a list of other natural disasters. Inform them that today's lesson will focus on natural disasters, how they affect people, and how people can best prepare for them.
3.)Guide students to explore natural disasters through the attached slideshow presentation. If the lesson is presented to the whole group, discuss each disaster and the links that accompany it. If students explore the presentation independently or in small groups, provide support and assistance as needed.
4.)Review and discuss each natural disaster. Instruct students to describe orally the effects of each disaster on humans. Ask them to identify ways that humans can protect themselves before, during, and after natural disasters. Instruct the class to list specific tools and materials that can help people survive natural disasters.
5.)Display the last slide of the presentation. Inform students that they will need to complete both of the assignments listed. Discuss the instructions for each.
Family Disaster Plan:
Instruct students to choose one natural disaster that they will use in creating a family disaster plan.
Guide students to brainstorm necessary steps that they would need to take to survive the disasters. Using group input, model-write an example on the board. Guide students through the writing process to complete their paragraphs.
Use the link below as a guide.
Disaster Survival Kit:
Distribute large pieces of paper and instruct students to design and illustrate a disaster survival kit. Remind students to include the tools, materials, and supplies that would be most beneficial to them during a natural disaster.
Instruct students to list the reasons why they chose to include each item in their kits.
For each assignment, allow students to review the presentation and websites as needed.
(The Writing Process
)This site reviews the writing process and shows grade level writing samples.
6.)Allow students to share their paragraphs and kits with the rest of the class. Discuss the elements of disaster preparedness included in each presentation.