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What’s the Matter? is a guided inquiry lesson on classification of matter, physical and chemical properties, and physical and chemical changes. There are two parts to this lesson: (a) concentration game for definitions and (b) concentration game for matter classification, physical and chemical properties, and physical and chemical changes. This lesson plan was created as a result of the Girls Engaged in Math and Science University, GEMS-U Project.
Primary Learning Objective(s):
The student will(a) identify characteristics of elements, compounds, heterogeneous mixtures, and homogeneous mixtures.(b) identify characteristics of physical and chemical properties.(c) identify characteristics of physical and chemical changes.
Additional Learning Objective(s):
Students will also gain skills in organization and categorizing. Students will be introduced to the concepts of intensive and extensive properties of matter.
61 to 90 Minutes
Materials and Resources:
card stock, color printer, plastic baggies, 2" x 4" labels
Group sets of matter picture cards, vocabulary cards, definition cards: The teacher will need to copy the picture cards, vocabulary cards, and definition cards on card stock and laminate (optional). The pictures, vocabulary, and definition cards are saved as PowerPoint slides. It is suggested that you print them as notes with 9 slides per page. The cards will need to be cut and separated into labeled plastic baggies so students can easily identify which baggie contains pictures cards, vocabulary cards, and definition cards. The labels are compatible with Avery labels 2" x 4".
Assessment set of pictures: These will also need to be printed on card stock and cut but should be placed in a separately labeled baggie that the teacher keeps until the end of the activity.
List of students per group: The teacher will need to track how many successful matches are made per student per group.
Technology Resources Needed:
Ability to print Powerpoint slides in color
The teacher needs to understand how to categorize matter into elements, compounds, homogeneous mixtures, and heterogeneous mixtures. The teacher also needs to be able to identify chemical and physical properties and chemical and physical changes. The teacher may need to know intensive and extensive properties if he/she wishes to extend the activity to these concepts.
The teacher will need to know the rules of the Concentration Game. The cards are placed face down and then turned over to find a match. If a match is found the students keep the cards and if a match is not found the cards are returned to being face down. Students continue until time is called or all matches have been found.
The activity can be used to gauge students' prior knowledge, teach the concepts listed above, or review the concepts for a formal assessment.
If the students move through the activity quickly, the teacher can extend to the concepts of intensive and extensive properties. Student can also be asked to use the Internet to find additional examples of each vocabulary term and these examples can be used as part of the evaluation.
The following websites can be used to practice some of the concepts presented in this lesson:
Students may need to work with fewer vocabulary cards and pictures. For example the pictures for chemical and physical properties and chemical and physical changes can be separated from the cards for identifying elements, compounds, homogeneous mixtures and heterogeneous mixtures.
Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom
for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading
or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at
a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with
short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions;
poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.