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This interactive lesson allows students to practice identifying and interpreting similes in metaphors in pop culture music. The lyrics from pop culture songs like, "Stereo Hearts" by Gym Class Heroes, "Firework" by Katy Perry, and "The Climb" by Miley Cyrus make identifying similes and metaphors exciting for students. Students will take the similes and metaphors and work in small groups to determine meaning and analyze their overall impact on the songs.
This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.
Primary Learning Objective(s):
Additional Learning Objective(s):
61 to 90 Minutes
Materials and Resources:
Technology Resources Needed:
Before: 1. As students enter the classroom, there will be a quickwrite available to answer. (This can be either written on an interactive whiteboard, read aloud, or available on a handout.) Students will answer the following question by filling in the blank. A simile uses the words _like_ or __as__ to compare two things. A metaphor does not use _like__ or _as__ to compare, it just says that something _is__. Teacher will allow students 1 minute to turn and talk to a partner to review their answers. Teacher will review answers and then tell students that similes and metaphors not only change the way we think about literature, but they also influence our everyday life through music.
During: 2. Teacher will hand students the similes and metaphors in music graphic organizer. (attached) Teacher will explain that the graphic organizer will be filled out as we move throughout the lesson. Teacher will play "Firework" by Katy Perry (attached) once, allowing students to listen and read the lyrics on the screen. At the end of the selection, the teacher will demonstrate writing one example of a simile or metaphor that he/she discovered in the song. After writing, the teacher will lead the class in a discussion of the literary device and discuss its meaning. The teacher will lead the class in filling out the second column on their graphic organizer. Finally, the teacher will solicit class responses concerning how the device makes the song more interesting. These responses will be recorded in the final column of the graphic organizer. The teacher will then allow students to work in small groups to repeat the process on the next two songs, "Stereo Hearts" and "The Climb." (attached)
After: 3. Students will complete a 3-2-1 exit card in which they list three similes or metaphors that they found in the music selection. They will list 2 ways that those devices work to make the music more interesting. Finally, they will create one simile or metaphor of their own that could productively be added to the song.
Formative assessment of discussion and student comprehension will be conducted through analysis of the discussion, graphic organizer, and 3-2-1 exit slips may be taken up and graded for accuracy and/or effort.
Students can use the beat of a familiar song or tune to create their own song about school (or any given subject). This created song should include at least 5 meaningful similes or metaphors, one of which should exist within the chorus.
For students who need extra assisstance, printed lyrics from selected songs and highlighters may be provided.
Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom
for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading
or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at
a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with
short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions;
poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.