ALEX Lesson Plan


Now Adjectives! Now Pronouns! Now Nouns and Figurative Language! In Carols and songs, On Prepositional Phrases!  A Lesson in Parts of Speech and Figurative Language.

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  This lesson provided by:  
Author:Michelle Steed
The event this resource created for:CCRS
  General Lesson Information  
Lesson Plan ID: 33145


Now Adjectives! Now Pronouns! Now Nouns and Figurative Language! In Carols and songs, On Prepositional Phrases!  A Lesson in Parts of Speech and Figurative Language.


Students will review parts of speech, and figurative language using selected Christmas songs. 

This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.

 Associated Standards and Objectives 
Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
4 ) Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the impact of a specific word choice on meaning and tone. [RL.6.4]

English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 6
41 ) Demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings. [L.6.5]

a. Interpret figures of speech (e.g., personification) in context. [L.6.5a]

b. Use the relationship between particular words (e.g., cause/effect, part/whole, item/category) to better understand each of the words. [L.6.5b]

c. Distinguish among the connotations (associations) of words with similar denotations (definitions) (e.g., stingy, scrimping, economical, unwasteful, thrifty). [L.6.5c]

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.6.41- Identify the meaning of figurative language in context.
ELA.AAS.6.41a- Demonstrate understanding of simple and/or various forms of figurative language.
ELA.AAS.6.41b- Identify the relationship between words.

Local/National Standards:


Primary Learning Objective(s):

Students will be able to identify nouns, pronouns, adjectives, prepositional phrases, and figurative language in selected Christmas carols.  Students will chart answers and share with the class.

Additional Learning Objective(s):

 Preparation Information 

Total Duration:

31 to 60 Minutes

Materials and Resources:

Copies of selected Christmas carols.  

Paper, laptop (optional)


Technology Resources Needed:

Laptop, Interactive white board, document camera, Active Inspire (optional-If used, students will need serial code from board to make it active on their device.)


A review of the parts of speech, and examples of the  types of figurative language should occur prior to independent practice. Prepare list of selected Christmas carols ahead of time. Students will choose a song at random from teacher selected songs, and work in partners to chart the parts of speech and figurative language.  


1. Review nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and prepositions using trade books: The Planet Without Pronouns by Justin McCoy Martin, Hairy, Scary, Ordinary by Brian Cleary, A Mink, a Fink, a Skating Rink by Brian Cleary, and Under Over by the Clover by Brian Cleary.  Parts of speech can also be reviewed with The Grammarheads parts of speech videos.  (YouTube access or actual Grammarheads site)

2. Begin the lesson with whole group practice. Pass out copies of "Twas the Night Before Christmas." Students will work in pairs to identify parts of speech by circling nouns, boxing in pronouns, underlining adjectives, and marking prepositional phrases with parentheses.  After 5-7 minutes share answers. (Time limits may vary.)

3. Students will then work in pairs to mark figurative language at the end of each line accordingly: S=simile, M=metaphor, I=imagery, P=personification, O=onomatopoeia
After 5-7 minutes share answers. (Time limits may vary.)

4. Students will draw randomly for a selected Christmas carol to mark for parts of speech and figurative language. Students will work in partners and chart answers.  Charts may be created digitally (Word, Active Inspire,etc.), on chart paper, etc.  Allow 10-15 minutes. (Time limits may vary.)

5. Allow each pair of students to share parts of speech and figurative language found in selected carols.  (May be digital format or paper) Also, allow them to share grammar or literary elements they may have discovered beyond the suggested.  Students will turn in annotated copy of song for assessment.

6. Close the lesson by doing a "sing along" with favorite Christmas carols. Student pairs may volunteer to lead the class with their selected song.


Assessment Strategies

Formative assessment with teacher observation during partner work, as students present answers, and with submitted Word document using Edmodo, or Active Inspire chart.

Formative assessment with annotated student copy of Christmas song.


Encourage students to look deeper into the carol, like a poem, to identify other literary elements such as mood/tone, alliteration, oxymoron, compare/contrast, rhyme and rhythm, assonance, and consonance.


Some students may need extra practice reviewing the parts of speech one on one.  Trade books and Grammarhead videos are a great resource.  Shurley Method jingles work well as they are rhyming songs about the parts of speech.

Students may need a list of the meanings for figurative language posted to use as a reference.

View the Special Education resources for instructional guidance in providing modifications and adaptations for students with significant cognitive disabilities who qualify for the Alabama Alternate Assessment.