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In remembering President Kennedy's death, his quote, "A man may die. nations may rise and fall, but an idea lives on," has become the theme for this year's celebration. Banners with the end of that quote are hanging on street corners all over Boston, Massachusetts. The JFK Library has a number of good resources reflecting on Kennedy's life. This lesson may will address rhetorical strategies he used in his inaugural address in 1961. This reading can come to life and address some good writing.
This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.
College Board: Analyze and interpret samples of goodwriting, identifying and explaining an author’s use of rhetorical strategies and techniques; write for a variety of purposes; move effectively through the stages of the writing process with careful attention to inquiry and research, drafting, revising, editing, and review; analyze image as text; and evaluate and incorporate reference documents into research papers.
Primary Learning Objective(s):
The students will identify rhetorical strategies used for persuasion in famous documents and learn to use them in their writings as well.
Additional Learning Objective(s):
91 to 120 Minutes
Materials and Resources:
Handouts of the inaugural speech
A vocabulary list of rhetorical strategies used for persuasion with definitions and spaces for examples.
Technology Resources Needed:
The teacher should retrieve President Kennedy's Inaugural address and peruse it observing the rhetorical strategies. Add to the list should you find anymore. Listen to and watch the video, noticing dignitaries the students may not be familiar with. Be sure the volume is at its best quality for listening. Give the students an opportunity to get into their groups and share their discovering ideas regarding the ways Kennedy tries to persuade the country. Fifteen to twenty minutes should be enough time for the children to come to a conclusion about the strategies, Divide the strategies among the groups and have each one discuss their findings to the whole group.
1. Define the terms on the vocabulary and examples list.
2. Read and annotate the speech.
3. Listen to and watch the video.
4. Divide class into groups.
5. Complete the example sheet.
6. Have each group discuss their findings using examples from the text with the assistance of the document camera and highlighters.
7. Test for the students' mastery in identifying these strategies in other writing.
Use essay questions.
Use short answer questions
Vocabulary and Examples listing (Group activity)
Assign a writing analyzing Kennedy's Inaugural speech or another passage and grade the findings. Require quotes from the text for support.
Schedule student(s) for after school tutorials for one on one discussions which may foster understanding.
Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom
for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading
or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at
a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with
short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions;
poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.