ALEX Lesson Plan


Now That's Ironic

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  This lesson provided by:  
Author:LaSheree Sanford-Davis
System: Birmingham City
School: Ramsay High School
The event this resource created for:CCRS
  General Lesson Information  
Lesson Plan ID: 33228


Now That's Ironic


Students learn how irony, satire and sarcasm indirectly stated in a text, help to develop an author's tone.

This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.

 Associated Standards and Objectives 
Content Standard(s):
English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 12
6 ) Analyze a case in which grasping point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement). [RL.11-12.6]

NAEP Framework
Anchor Standard::
Anchor Standard 6: Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.
Cognitive Target::
Consider text(s) critically to analyze the point of view used by the author.
NAEP Descriptor::
Integrate information to explain a change in story character's perspective.

NAEP Descriptor::
Recognize paraphrase of story character's feelings.

NAEP Descriptor::
Explain author's use of story element to convey character's feeling. (Full Comprehension)

NAEP Descriptor::
Interpret story description to explain character's action.

NAEP Descriptor::
Explain difference between two characters' points of view.

NAEP Descriptor::
Explain author's use of setting to reveal character with support example.

Local/National Standards:


Primary Learning Objective(s):

Students will be able to 

  • Recognize and evaluate an author's use of sarcasm and satire.
  • Develop a point of view by using satire and sarcasm.

Additional Learning Objective(s):

 Preparation Information 

Total Duration:

0 to 30 Minutes

Materials and Resources:

An excerpt from John Gardner's novel Grendel

Highlighter and pencils

Technology Resources Needed:



This lesson should follow the reading of Beowulf, the Battle with Grendel.

The lesson requires that students have been introduced to the literary terms: irony, sarcasm and satire.


1. As students enter the class show the Teacher Tube Sarcasm Video.   Ask student to write down any statements or ideas that they find to be good examples of sarcasm, irony or satire. Discuss the author's use of these techniques

2. Discuss how sarcasm, irony and satire is used to enhance writing

3. Give students a one page excerpt from the novel Grendel (one which explains Grendel's attack works best).

4. Have the students read the excerpt.  Tell students to consider each paragraph of the excerpt individually.

5. Have students, on the left side margin of the paper, write one word that they would associate with the paragraph.

6. Instruct the students to find evidence in that passage to support the associative word.

7. Tell students to write in the right side margin, what literary element that can be used to title the evidence. Have students complete this process for the entire excerpt.

8. Allow students to pair with another student to discuss the satire, sarcasm and irony in the excerpt.

9. Instruct student write their own sarcastic response to Grendel's explanation of the events. 

10. Invite students to share their responses.


Assessment Strategies

Formative assessment of class discusssion

Formative assessment during pairing

Student presentations


Have students research popular culture commercials, cartoons and television shows that use sarcasm, irony and satire.   


For students who need extra assistance, allow them complete the annotations using a list with the definitions of each term. 

View the Special Education resources for instructional guidance in providing modifications and adaptations for students with significant cognitive disabilities who qualify for the Alabama Alternate Assessment.