ALEX Lesson Plan


Now That's Ironic 

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  This lesson provided by:  
Author:LaSheree Sanford-Davis
System: Birmingham City
School: Ramsay High School
  General Lesson Information  
Lesson Plan ID: 33228


Now That's Ironic 


Students learn how irony, satire and sarcasm indirectly stated in a text, help to develop an author's tone.

This is a College- and Career-Ready Standards showcase lesson plan.

 Associated Standards and Objectives 
Content Standard(s):
ELA2015 (12)
6. Analyze a case in which grasping point of view requires distinguishing what is directly stated in a text from what is really meant (e.g., satire, sarcasm, irony, or understatement). [RL.11-12.6]

Local/National Standards:


Primary Learning Objective(s):

Students will be able to 

  • Recognize and evaluate an author's use of sarcasm and satire.
  • Develop a point of view by using satire and sarcasm.

Additional Learning Objective(s):

 Preparation Information 

Total Duration:

0 to 30 Minutes

Materials and Resources:

An excerpt from John Gardner's novel Grendel

Highlighter and pencils

Technology Resources Needed:



This lesson should follow the reading of Beowulf, the Battle with Grendel.

The lesson requires that students have been introduced to the literary terms: irony, sarcasm and satire.


1. As students enter the class show the Teacher Tube Sarcasm Video.   Ask student to write down any statements or ideas that they find to be good examples of sarcasm, irony or satire. Discuss the author's use of these techniques

2. Discuss how sarcasm, irony and satire is used to enhance writing

3. Give students a one page excerpt from the novel Grendel (one which explains Grendel's attack works best).

4. Have the students read the excerpt.  Tell students to consider each paragraph of the excerpt individually.

5. Have students, on the left side margin of the paper, write one word that they would associate with the paragraph.

6. Instruct the students to find evidence in that passage to support the associative word.

7. Tell students to write in the right side margin, what literary element that can be used to title the evidence. Have students complete this process for the entire excerpt.

8. Allow students to pair with another student to discuss the satire, sarcasm and irony in the excerpt.

9. Instruct student write their own sarcastic response to Grendel's explanation of the events. 

10. Invite students to share their responses.


Assessment Strategies

Formative assessment of class discusssion

Formative assessment during pairing

Student presentations


Have students research popular culture commercials, cartoons and television shows that use sarcasm, irony and satire.   


For students who need extra assistance, allow them complete the annotations using a list with the definitions of each term. 

Each area below is a direct link to general teaching strategies/classroom accommodations for students with identified learning and/or behavior problems such as: reading or math performance below grade level; test or classroom assignments/quizzes at a failing level; failure to complete assignments independently; difficulty with short-term memory, abstract concepts, staying on task, or following directions; poor peer interaction or temper tantrums, and other learning or behavior problems.

Presentation of Material Environment
Time Demands Materials
Attention Using Groups and Peers
Assisting the Reluctant Starter Dealing with Inappropriate Behavior
Be sure to check the student's IEP for specific accommodations.