ALEX Lesson Plan

     

Time After Time: How Can We Use Timelines to Reconstruct the Past? Part 4

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  This lesson provided by:  
Author:Carol McLaughlin
System: Hoover City
School: Greystone Elementary School
And
Author:Amanda Walker
System: Hoover City
School: Bluff Park Elementary School
  General Lesson Information  
Lesson Plan ID: 35473

Title:

Time After Time: How Can We Use Timelines to Reconstruct the Past? Part 4

Overview/Annotation:

This lesson will focus on creating timelines. Students will use important dates from their lives to create a personal 5 event timeline. Students will use rulers to measure equal spaces for their timelines. This lesson will require two 1 hour sessions. The first lesson will include the lesson introduction, work on timelines and time for formative assessments as students work. The second session will be used to complete timelines, share projects, and complete exit tickets.

Sample of completed timeline:

IMG_4501.jpg

 

Video sample of completed timeline: https://goo.gl/1JwF0I

 

This unit was created as part of the ALEX Interdisciplinary Resource Development Summit.

 Associated Standards and Objectives 
Content Standard(s):
Mathematics
MA2015 (2016)
Grade: 2
14 ) Measure the length of an object by selecting and using appropriate tools such as rulers, yardsticks, meter sticks, and measuring tapes. [2-MD1]


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
4M1e: Select or use appropriate measurement instruments such as ruler, meter stick, clock, thermometer, or other scaled instruments.

NAEP Statement::
4M2a: Select or use an appropriate type of unit for the attribute being measured such as length, time, or temperature.

NAEP Statement::
8M1e: Select or use appropriate measurement instrument to determine or create a given length, area, volume, angle, weight, or mass.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
M.AAS.2.14- Identify standard tools associated with measurement (clock, ruler, scale, measuring cup); measure the lengths of objects using nonstandard units (e.g., hands, paper clips).


Mathematics
MA2015 (2016)
Grade: 2
19 ) Represent whole numbers as lengths from 0 on a number line diagram with equally spaced points corresponding to the numbers 0, 1, 2, ..., and represent whole-number sums and differences within 100 on a number line diagram. [2-MD6]


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
4NPO1b: Represent numbers using models such as base 10 representations, number lines, and two-dimensional models.

NAEP Statement::
4NPO1e: Connect model, number word, or number using various models and representations for whole numbers, fractions, and decimals.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
M.AAS.2.19- Represent whole-number sums within 20 using a number line.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 2
12 ) Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text. [RI.2.3]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.2.12- Identify events or steps in a historical, scientific, or technical text.


English Language Arts
ELA2015 (2015)
Grade: 2
28 ) Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. [W.2.8]


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
ELA.AAS.2.28- Recall experiences to answer a question.


Social Studies
SS2010 (2010)
Grade: 2
Living and Working Together in State and Nation
3 ) Use various primary sources, including calendars and timelines, for reconstructing the past.

Examples: historical letters, stories, interviews with elders, photographs, maps, artifacts

Insight Unpacked Content
Strand: History
Course Title: Living and Working Together in State and Nation
Evidence Of Student Attainment:
Students:
  • Reconstruct a past event using various primary sources, including calendars and timelines.
Teacher Vocabulary:
  • primary sources
  • calendars
  • timelines
  • reconstructing
  • past
Knowledge:
Students know:
  • How to use a calendar.
  • How to interpret a timeline.
  • Vocabulary: primary sources, calendar, timeline, past, historical letter, artifacts
Skills:
Students are able to:
  • Read a calendar.
  • Create and use a timeline.
  • Analyze a historical document.
  • Utilize maps, photographs, and other visual historic resources.
Understanding:
Students understand that:
  • Primary sources play an important role in reconstructing the past.

Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SS.AAS.2.3- Use various primary sources, including calendars and timelines, for reconstructing the past.


Local/National Standards:

 

Primary Learning Objective(s):

  • Students will create and analyze timelines.
  • Student will analyze and order events and times.
  • Students will use rulers to measure equal spaces to create timelines.
  • Students will be able to correctly write a date (month, day, year).

Additional Learning Objective(s):

 
 Preparation Information 

Total Duration:

91 to 120 Minutes

Materials and Resources:

Teacher/Student Materials:

  • Paper

  • Pencils

  • Google Docs

  • Printer

  • Sharpies

  • Glue

  • 12 x 18 pieces of construction paper or bulletin board paper

  • Blank Copy Paper

  • Small sticky labels for dates or cut small pieces of paper to label pictures

  • Exit Ticket: https://goo.gl/cUOSFd

  • Timeline Rubric: https://goo.gl/dn1uLS

  • Parent Letter for pictures: https://goo.gl/xGQZyY

  • Optional: iPad and Green Screen app if the teacher wants students to complete a video presentation of the timeline.

 

 

Technology Resources Needed:

Optional: iPads and Green Screen app (if students create video presentations of timeline)

Google Drive or other word processor- If headers are made for timelines

Background/Preparation:

Prior to teaching this lesson, students need to understand basic calendar skills such as order of the days of the week and months of the year.  Students will need some basic measuring skills.  Several weeks before this lesson, the teacher will need to email parents to ask for printed pictures and complete this form: https://goo.gl/xGQZyY

  Procedures/Activities: 

Before/Engage: (5 minutes)

TW= Teacher will

SW=Student will

  1. TW review Standard SS3: Use various primary sources, including calendars and timelines, for reconstructing the past.  Examples: historical letters, stories, interviews with elders, photographs, maps, artifacts.  
  2. TW tell students that they will be creating a timeline of their life.  TW show students a model example of the timeline movie: https://goo.gl/1JwF0I

During/Explore/Explain:

1st Session- (1 hour)

  1. After watching the timeline video, TW explain the steps to complete personal timelines.  TW also display timeline rubric: https://goo.gl/dn1uLS

  2. TW/SW begin by measuring the length of the construction paper (18 inches). TW/SW discuss how far they need to space the events/pictures on the timeline so that the 5 events are spaced evenly.  TW lead the students to think about how many fives are in 18. (measure 3 inches to each event) TW demonstrate how draw a line across the middle of the construction paper. Then TW model how to use a ruler to measure every 3 inches and also how to move the ruler to continue measuring when the ruler ends for the last 3 inches.

  3. SW will first draw a line across the middle or their construction paper with a pencil and then use rulers to measure every 3 inches. SW will use sharpies to draw over the lines to make them bold.

  4. SW will use their timeline form from home and organize their pictures from birth to 2nd grade. TW check each student’s timeline to ensure the events are in order. The teacher may have to help students crop pictures to fit.

  5. If the events are in order, SW glue pictures on their timelines. TW distribute small sticky labels or pieces of paper so that students may label each picture with the event date.

  6. After labeling the date, SW write a sentence or two about the event or picture.

  7. TW/SW edit each sentence to check for capital letters, punctuation, and spelling.

2nd session: (1 hour)

  1. If there are any students that have not completed their timelines, allow time for students to complete them at the beginning of this lesson or at a time outside of this lesson.

  2. TW distribute timeline rubric: https://goo.gl/dn1uLS  and SW check their timelines using the rubric.

  3. The teacher can choose to leave it at a paper copy of the timeline or have each student complete a video of his/her timeline using a green screen app and iPad. See examples of paper and video timelines in the student materials section.

  4. TW/SW share personal timelines with the class.

After/Explain/Elaborate:

  1. After all tasks have been completed,  SW complete exit ticket. https://goo.gl/cUOSFd.
  2. TW/SW revisit standard, reflect, and discuss what was discovered.

  Assessment  

Assessment Strategies

Formative Assessment

TW informally assess students during their work on individual timelines to check for understanding: finding dates/events, ordering dates on the timeline, writing events with dates, and measuring equal distances between dates/events using this rubric: https://goo.gl/dn1uLS.  TW use completed exit ticket (https://goo.gl/cUOSFd) to assess student knowledge of timelines.

Acceleration:

Students that need to expand their knowledge can create timelines of other famous people (eg.: historical figures, famous Alabamians, presidents).

Intervention:

If there are students that require additional help with understanding number order (years in a timeline), they should be pulled in a small group to practice number order with the teacher prior to the group activity.


View the Special Education resources for instructional guidance in providing modifications and adaptations for students with significant cognitive disabilities who qualify for the Alabama Alternate Assessment.