# ALEX Lesson Plan

## Collision Course with Energy

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This lesson provided by:
 Author: Ginger Boyd System: Geneva County School: Samson Middle School
General Lesson Information
 Lesson Plan ID: 35594 Title: Collision Course with Energy Overview/Annotation: Students will observe how potential and kinetic energy relate to the transfer of energy from one marble to another when they collide. Students will introduce different variables (mass and height) and investigate the transfer of potential and kinetic energy in a sled collision online simulation. Students will build a ramp, test it, and measure the distance their cars travel caused by the collision. Students will create a presentation to share their findings with the class.This lesson results from the ALEX Resource Gap Project
Associated Standards and Objectives
Content Standard(s):
 Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: 4 3 ) Investigate to determine changes in energy resulting from increases or decreases in speed that occur when objects collide. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Planning and Carrying out InvestigationsCrosscutting Concepts: Energy and MatterDisciplinary Core Idea: EnergyEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Use evidence from investigations to describe changes in energy that occur when objects collide.Teacher Vocabulary:collide relative motion relative speed relative brightness phenomenon inertia momentumKnowledge:Students know: Qualitative measure of energy (e.g. relative motion, relative speed, relative brightness) before the collision. Mechanism of energy transfer. Energy can transfer between colliding objects. Energy can transfer to the surrounding air when objects collide resulting in sound and heat.Skills:Students are able to: Plan and carry out an investigation to determine changes in energy that occur when objects collide. Identify the evidence to address the purpose of the investigation. Collect the data. Use data to provide evidence that energy is present whenever there are moving objects, sound, light, or heat and that it can be transferred from place to place.Understanding:Students understand that: Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Energy and Waves Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.4.3- Identify the effect of an opposing force on a moving object.

Local/National Standards:

Ask questions and predict outcomes about the changes in energy that occur when objects collide.  4-PS3-3

Primary Learning Objective(s):

Students will be able to:

1) distinguish between potential and kinetic energy as they are transferred between objects during collisions.

2) identify patterns in data when adding variables such as mass and height to objects during an online sled collision simulation.

3) measure the distance cars travel caused by collisions.

4) create a presentation to share their findings.