# ALEX Lesson Plan

## Ramp Exploration

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This lesson provided by:
 Author: Allison Weaver System: Muscle Shoals City School: Howell Graves Preschool
General Lesson Information
 Lesson Plan ID: 35636 Title: Ramp Exploration Overview/Annotation: In this lesson, students will work in groups to design a ramp to increase the speed of a ball. The teacher will guide students' work through careful questioning. After creating different ramps, students will record and report their findings to the class.This lesson results from the ALEX Resource Gap Project.
Associated Standards and Objectives
Content Standard(s):
 English Language Arts ELA2015 (2015) Grade: K 31 ) Participate in collaborative conversations with diverse partners about kindergarten topics and texts with peers and adults in small and larger groups. [SL.K.1] a. Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions (e.g., listening to others and taking turns speaking about the topics and texts under discussion). [SL.K.1a] b. Continue a conversation through multiple exchanges. [SL.K.1b] Science SC2015 (2015) Grade: K 2 ) Use observations and data from investigations to determine if a design solution (e.g., designing a ramp to increase the speed of an object in order to move a stationary object) solves the problem of using force to change the speed or direction of an object.* NAEP Framework NAEP Statement:: P4.13: An object is in motion when its position is changing. The speed of an object is defined by how far it travels divided by the amount of time it took to travel that far. NAEP Statement:: P4.14: The motion of objects can be changed by pushing or pulling. The size of the change is related to the size of the force (push or pull) and the weight (mass) of the object on which the force is exerted. When an object does not move in response to a push or a pull, it is because another push or pull (friction) is being applied by the environment. Unpacked Content Scientific And Engineering Practices:Analyzing and Interpreting DataCrosscutting Concepts: Cause and EffectDisciplinary Core Idea: Motion and Stability: Forces and InteractionsEvidence Of Student Attainment:Students: Use observations from investigations to determine if a design solution causes the intended change in the speed or direction of the motion of the object. Use data from investigations to determine if a design solution solves a problem of using a push or pull to change an object's motion. Describe the goal of the design solution.Teacher Vocabulary:Force Speed Direction Data Observe Describe Engineering Investigation Ask Imagine Plan Create Improve SolutionKnowledge:Students know: The relative speed or direction of the object before a push or pull is applied (e.g., faster, slower). The relative speed or direction of the object after a push or pull is applied. How the relative strength of a push or pull affects the speed or direction of an object (e.g., harder, softer).Skills:Students are able to: Conduct an investigation. Collect and record observations from tests of an object or tool to determine if it works as intended. Organize information in a usable format. Analyze data from tests to determine change in speed or direction.Understanding:Students understand that: Simple tests can be designed to gather evidence to support or refute ideas about the effects on the motion of the object caused by changes in the strength or direction of the pushes and pulls.AMSTI Resources:AMSTI Module: Push and Pull *Balls and Ramps, Insights *Sidewalk Safety, ETA/hand2mind Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards AAS Standard: SCI.AAS.K.2- Observe the movement of objects in a variety of real-world environments.

Local/National Standards:

Primary Learning Objective(s):

Students will:

-design ramps of different heights.

-investigate how the height of a ramp changes the speed of a ball rolling down it.

-participate in a think-pair-share activity to discuss the lesson's vocabulary words.

I can:

-design a ramp to make an object move.

-observe characteristics of a moving object.

Preparation Information
 Total Duration: 31 to 60 Minutes Materials and Resources: Teacher Materials:-Vocabulary cards (attached)-Class set of "Ramp Exploration" drawing sheets (attached)Student Materials:  (for each group of 4 children)-2 ramp pieces of the same length (can be made from molding, scrap wood, or old car race tracks)-2 rubber balls-6 two-inch blocks-2 empty soup cans (without sharp edges)-6 pieces of masking tape (approx. 2 inches long) Technology Resources Needed: -Interactive whiteboard-Teacher computer-Chromebooks or iPads for students to play Kahoot! quiz Background/Preparation: Teacher Preparation:Print vocabulary cards (attached) on thick paper.Print enough "Ramp Exploration" drawing sheets for the entire class (attached).Cut small pieces of masking tape and stick them to the edge of a table (enough for each group to have at least 6 pieces).Find a large space for each group to work.Gather all the group materials listed under "Materials and Resources" and place in a large box.Student Background Information/Preparation:In previous learning experiences, students should have been engaged in exploring the movement of balls by throwing, rolling, and bouncing them. Students should have had some free exploration time rolling balls down ramps.Students should know and understand the rules and procedures for "Think-Pair-Share" (sit criss-cross, eye to eye, one friend talks and one friend listens, switch).Students should know and understand the rules and procedures for playing Kahoot!:The teacher will click on the link for Kahoot quiz to display the game number and questions on the interactive whiteboard. The teacher will need to make a Kahoot account if he/she does not already have one.The students will go to www.kahoot.it on their Chromebooks or iPads.The students will enter their names and the "Balls and Ramps Quiz" number that will be displayed on the board.The teacher will begin the quiz.The students will choose answers in multiple choice questions. Points are given for correct answers.At the end of the quiz, a winner will be shown on the teacher's screen.The teacher can view the results of the entire class.
Procedures/Activities: