Total Duration: 
31 to 60 Minutes 
Materials and Resources: 
Set of Cards that have the following letters on them: A, B, C, D. Cards One set for each collaborative group. paper pencil large chart paper Colored cards for sorting students into groups

Technology Resources Needed: 
Projector Computer

Background/Preparation: 
Students should be fluent in multiplication facts and recognizing number patterns. Teacher should prepare Dinner Guest Cards before the students arrive for class. 
As students enter the classroom, the teacher will hand out a colored card to each student. Students will be arranged in groups of four. Prepare enough different colored cards to provide for the four groups.
Before (activate prior knowledge)  Essential Question: The teacher will ask: "Give examples of ways that you use multiplication in your life?" Groups will share one way they use multiplication in real life. (3  5 minutes)
During: (Actively engage students) (35 minutes) The teacher will say: "Today you will pretend to be at a dinner party. You have four guests at your dinner party. How may ways can you arrange the seating of the guests?"
After: (Assess) Use a Quick Write to quickly assess understanding of factorials.

Attachments: **Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download. 
Assessment Strategies 

Acceleration: 
Enrichment Activity for Factorials: Students will calculate the number of arrangements for the word, STEGALL. Key Question: Will the double L's make a difference in the answer? 
Intervention: 
Khan Academy Video This video is on permutations. Anno's Mysterious Multilying Jar Video  This book is a picture book about factorials. This video is a youtube video. (If your school system blocks youtube, then you make go to keepvid.com and download the video. This site provide free downloads.) 
View the Special Education resources for
instructional guidance in providing modifications and adaptations
for students with significant cognitive disabilities who qualify for the Alabama Alternate Assessment.
