Total Duration: 
61 to 90 Minutes 
Materials and Resources: 
Materials for Explore:
Materials for Explain:
Materials for Elaborate:
Materials for Acceleration:

Technology Resources Needed: 
Video: Team Hot Wheels  The Yellow Driver's World Record Jump (Tanner Foust): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SjX7A_FR6g Websites: Kids' Zone Create a Graph https://nces.ed.gov/nceskids/createAgraph/ Educreations https://www.educreations.com/ 
Background/Preparation: 
For Students: Students should have some prior knowledge regarding potential and kinetic energy. For Teachers: Teachers should be knowledgeable about potential and kinetic energy, speed, distance, and the transference of energy from one object to another object. Teachers may want to create a vocabulary chart to help students develop a foundational understanding of potential and kinetic energy. Also, the teacher should keep in mind that performing the ramp tests on a hardwood floor or tile will yield better results than flooring such as carpet. Some safety issues to consider: gutters may have sharp edges and should be inspected carefully before introducing into the classroom. Also, the students should wear gloves and goggles for safety if sharp edges are suspected. 
Before Engage: Place a toy car on the edge of a desk or table and ask the students to imagine that it is a real car at the top of a hill. The car is motionless at this moment, but could easily roll down the hill. As it sits on the table, the car has potential, or stored, energy (due to its position), but has the ability to change into other forms of energy. Push the car across the table gently with your hand and explain to the students when the car is in motion (rolling) the stored energy is being changed to kinetic energy (energy in motion). Explain to students today they will construct ramps to explore ways to increase potential and kinetic energy in their own toy cars. During Explore: Show the video: Team Hot Wheels  The Yellow Driver's World Record Jump (Tanner Foust) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7SjX7A_FR6g After the video, ask the following questions:
Explain: Place students into groups of 4 students per group. Distribute materials for each group (meter stick, 3 textbooks, Zoom Zoom Data Sheet, rulers, and 1 toy car  make sure the cars are slightly differently; bigger wheels, truck versus car, small versus large, heavy versus light, etc.). Students will explore how making a ramp affects the distance a car travels using their textbooks. They will start by building a ramp 1 book high and record the distance the car travels. Then students will build a ramp 2 and 3 books high, and measure and record the distance the car travels on their data sheet. This data will later be combined with the other groups' into a class line graph using the website: Kids' Zone Create a Graph. Set the classroom timer for 35 minutes to allow groups enough time to complete this activity, then bring the class back together. Collect the data sheets and together create a graph using the website: Kids' Zone Create a Graph using each group's data. Look at the data together and ask the students the following questions:
After Elaborate: Ask the students, "What can you change in the design of your ramp to 'change the energy' your car has and change the distance the car will travel?" Allow the groups a few minutes to brainstorm ideas and make a list on the board:
Tell students they may choose only one of these new variables to redesign their ramp. After designing and testing their ramp, each group will create a presentation on Educreations: https://www.educreations.com/ to share their findings with the class. They will need to include: how they changed their design from their original ramp, a visual aid (picture or drawing), the results of their change in design (were they successful in increasing the distance their car traveled), and whether they changed the car's potential or kinetic energy. The teacher should provide each student with a copy of the Zoom Zoom Redesign Worksheet and the Zoom Zoom Educreations Presentation Directions & Rubric. These handouts will give students additional information about redesigning their group's ramp and using the Educreations program. 
Attachments: **Some files will display in a new window. Others will prompt you to download. 
Assessment Strategies 
Summative assessment for this lesson will be based on the Zoom Zoom Presentation Rubric (under attachments). Formative assessment for this lesson will be based on teacher observation and Zoom Zoom Data Worksheet (under attachments). 
Acceleration: 
Using what they've learned about increasing potential and kinetic energy, students will imagine they are a ramp engineer working on the design of a new ramp for Tanner Foust's next great jump! They will send an email to his stunt crew informing them of some "tips" which may help to increase the speed of Tanner's jump. The email should include at least 3 energy vocabulary words (potential, kinetic, speed, distance, or height). The Zoom Zoom Email Directions & Rubric, available for download in the attachments section, will provide more information about this acceleration activity. 
Intervention: 
Students who need extra support should be placed in groups with teammates sensitive to the needs of that student. The teacher may need to more closely supervise teams that contain students who are struggling with the concepts of this lesson. Students may also be given additional time to complete the activities of this lesson. 
View the Special Education resources for
instructional guidance in providing modifications and adaptations
for students with significant cognitive disabilities who qualify for the Alabama Alternate Assessment.
