Day One -
The teacher will discuss "What is a habitat?"
- A habitat is a place where animals, plants, or people live. A habitat provides everything a living thing needs. Some examples of habitats are polar regions, desert, rainforest, and ocean. There are many kinds of habitats. Some of the habitats for Alabama animals are rivers, caves, trees, nests, and the ground.
The teacher will introduce students to the different plants and animals from Alabama with the Legacy Alabama Plant and Animal posters. The posters include descriptions of the habitat and the environment for many animals in Alabama.
Students participate in a turn and talk to discuss plants, animals, and habitats from Alabama. Students will discuss one of the animals presented and its habitat. Students will also share with a partner one of the plants discussed.
The teacher will monitor the turn and talk. (Possible questions from the teacher while monitoring include "Why did you choose that animal or habitat?" and "Did both partners share?" The teacher could also assist students with reminders of animals discussed if needed.)
At the end of the turn and talk the teacher will ask some of the students to share one of the areas that their partner discussed with them.
The teacher will review plants/animals/habitats discussed in the beginning of the lesson.
The teacher will read different facts about the Alabama plants/animals/habitats discussed in the lesson. The facts that the teacher reads will be some true facts and some untrue facts. The students will use a yes/no sign if they agree or disagree with the plant/animal/habitat facts. Example statements:
- The Deciduous Forest is an animal habitat in Alabama.(yes)
- The zebra lives in the Deciduous Forest in Alabama.(no)
- The Black Bear lives in the Deciduous Forest.(yes)
- The Wetlands are an animal habitat in Alabama.(yes)
- The Marsh Rabbit lives in the Wetlands.(yes)
- The desert is a habitat in Alabama.(no)
- The Gray Bat lives in caves in Alabama.(yes)
- The Panhandle Lily is a plant in the Longleaf Pine Forest.(yes)
- The crocodile lives in the Coastal Dunes/Beaches habitat in Alabama.(no)
As a group, the students will pick three of the Alabama habitats for animal habitat construction. The teacher will put the six Alabama habitats (Deciduous Forest, Caves, Wetlands, Free Flowing Streams, Coastal Dunes/Beaches, Longleaf Pine Forest) to be choices in the Google form. The students will vote for the three habitats in a Google form. Another option for voting could be to draw a picture of the three favorite Alabama habitats for voting.
The teacher will review the information about habitats from the previous lesson and the Alabama plants/animals from the Imperiled Species of Alabama poster.
The teacher will divide the class into three groups. The three groups will be selected by the teacher randomly. The number of students in each group will depend on the number of students in the class. The three small groups of students will be assigned one of the top three Alabama habitats from the Google form. The teacher will provide the directions for participation in each group.
Directions for participating in the three different groups:
1.) Looking at Informational Books about Animals and Animal Habitats - Students will be given a basket of books on about Alabama plants, animal, and habitats. Students will be given a sheet of paper and Post-it notes to record facts or draw pictures that will be useful for their project.
2.) Looking at Books about Animals and Animal Habitats in Epic Books - Students will have a choice of looking and listening to books about animals and animal habitats. Students will be provided with paper for notes or drawings that will be useful for their animal habitat project. The books on Epic will be the Read to Me versions. (Another option for this small group could be for students to draw pictures of the animals and the habitats.)
3.) Researching and Completing the Animal and Animal Habitat with the Teacher - The teacher will help students locate facts for the graphic organizer. The students will complete the different sections of the graphic organizer with the teacher's assistance. The teacher will use the Legacy Animal and Habitat Alabama poster and fact books for the main reference during the small group research.
The teacher will meet with each small group to research their animal. The teacher will guide students in small groups to complete the Animal Habitat, graphic organizer. The students and teacher will use informational text and Legacy posters on the animals, plants, and habitats as a reference for the graphic organizer. After researching and completing the graphic organizer the teacher will give students directions for sharing the animal habitat with the other students. The teacher will share materials that will be available for the construction of the project.
While the teacher is meeting with each small group, one group will be on Chromebooks using Epic books to listen to books about their animal or animal habitats. The other group will be looking at books about their animal or animal habitats. The groups will be rotated between these three areas (teacher small group research, epic books on Chromebooks or iPads, and a book center of informational text books on animals habitats from Alabama). During the small group research with the teacher, the teacher will help students locate facts from informational text books and poster for the graphic organizer. Each student will complete the different sections of the graphic organizer with the teacher's assistance. The teacher will discuss a variety of materials available for the animal habitat project. The teacher will discuss the Animal Habitat checklist requirements with the small group.
After the rotation of all groups, the small groups will meet to finish planning their animal habitat. The teacher will monitor groups and use the small group checklist for observation of group work.
Students will meet in their small groups to review their plan for construction of their animal habitat. As a group, the students can decide if they are going to create a diorama or mural to showcase their habitat. The mural or diorama needs to include a model of the animal, and plants and landforms that are associated with the animal's habitat.
Students will construct their animal habitat. The Animal Habitat construction will include facts and ideas from the animal habitat graphic organizer and previous day's plan. The teacher will monitor and observe small groups using the small group checklist.
Small groups will share their animal habitats with the class. The teacher will monitor and observe the students sharing time using the criteria checklist for the animal habitat project.