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# UP:SC15.4.2

### Vocabulary

• Construct
• Transfer
• Energy
• Potential energy
• Kinetic energy
• Friction
• Conduction
• Absorb
• Reflect
• Circuit
• Open circuit
• Close circuit
• Heat
• Convection
• Collision
• Motion
• Electrical energy
• Stored energy

### Knowledge

Students know:
• Energy is present whenever there are moving objects, sound, light, or heat.
• The transfer of energy, including the following:
• Collisions between objects.
• Light traveling from one place to another.
• Electric currents producing motion, sound, heat, or light.
• Sound traveling from one place to another.
• Heat passing from one object to another.
• Motion, sound, heat, and light causing a different type of energy to be observed after an interaction.
• Heat is produced in many ways.
• Heat can move via conduction.
• The properties of different objects cause them to be able to absorb, reflect, and/or conduct energy.
• Electric currents pass through a circuit.

### Skills

Students are able to:
• Collaboratively plan and carry out an investigation that converts energy one form to another.
• Identify the phenomenon.
• Identify the evidence to address the purpose of the investigation.
• Collect the data.
• Construct an explanation using evidence about heat production.
• Develop a model demonstrating that different objects can absorb, reflect, and/or conduct energy.
• Develop a model demonstrating electric circuits.

### Understanding

Students understand that:
• Energy can be transferred in various ways and between objects.
• Heat energy can be produced in many ways.
• The properties of objects, e.g. ability to absorb, reflect, or conduct energy, relate to their function.
• Electric energy can be transferred through circuits.

### Scientific and Engineering Practices

Planning and Carrying out Investigations; Constructing Explanations and Designing Solutions; Developing and Using Models

### Crosscutting Concepts

Energy and Matter