Glenwood: Autism and Behavioral Health Center
Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) “is the science in which procedures derived from the principles of behavior are systematically applied to improve socially significant behavior to a meaningful degree and to demonstrate experimentally that the procedures employed were responsible for the improvement in behavior” (Cooper, Heron, & Howard, 1987, p.14).
A variety of teaching strategies use the principles of ABA and have been shown to be effective when teaching students with Autism.
ABA focuses on observable, specific behavior(s), the measurement of those behaviors, data collection using systematic procedures, and constant re-evaluation of the plan. ABA looks at the antecedent, behavior, and consequence. Focus is on the function of the behavior(s), such as attention-seeking, access to tangibles or activities, escape/avoidance, and/or sensory imbalance.