Candy Flamethrower

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Multimedia Details Title: Candy Flamethrower
Creator: Gulf Coast Exploreum Science Center
Submitted By: Bree Amidon, Alabama Department of Education, Alabama Department of Education
School/Organization:

Gulf Coast Exploreum Science Center


Overview:

When chemicals react a number of things can happen:  two liquids can form a solid, a gas can be produced, things can change color, OR materials can combust. This video shows what happens when we place an organic substance (a material with a "carbon backbone" like sugar, or wood) into a particular hot and liquefied "oxidizer". The results are extremely exothermic, over 1,500 degrees F exothermic.


Length: 01:00
Content Areas: Science
Alabama Course of Study Alignments and/or Professional Development Standard Alignments:
SC (9-12) Physical Science
5. Describe physical and chemical changes in terms of endothermic and exothermic processes.
SC (9-12) Chemistry
5. Use the kinetic theory to explain states of matter, phase changes, solubility, and chemical reactions.
Example: water at 25 degrees Celsius remains in the liquid state because of the strong attraction between water molecules while kinetic energy allows the sliding of molecules past one another
SC2015 (9-12) Physical Science
1. Use the periodic table as a model to predict the relative properties and trends (e.g., reactivity of metals; types of bonds formed, including ionic, covalent, and polar covalent; numbers of bonds formed; reactions with oxygen) of main group elements based on the patterns of valence electrons in atoms.
SC2015 (9-12) Physical Science
2. Plan and carry out investigations (e.g., squeezing a balloon, placing a balloon on ice) to identify the relationships that exist among the pressure, volume, density, and temperature of a confined gas .
SC2015 (9-12) Physical Science
3. Analyze and interpret data from a simple chemical reaction or combustion reaction involving main group elements.
SC2015 (9-12) Chemistry
5. Plan and conduct investigations to demonstrate different types of simple chemical reactions based on valence electron arrangements of the reactants and determine the quantity of products and reactants.
a. Use mathematics and computational thinking to represent the ratio of reactants and products in terms of masses, molecules, and moles.
b. Use mathematics and computational thinking to support the claim that atoms, and therefore mass, are conserved during a chemical reaction.
SC2015 (9-12) Chemistry
8. Refine the design of a given chemical system to illustrate how LeChâtelier's principle affects a dynamic chemical equilibrium when subjected to an outside stress (e.g., heating and cooling a saturated sugar- water solution).*
SC2015 (9-12) Chemistry
9. Analyze and interpret data (e.g., melting point, boiling point, solubility, phase-change diagrams) to compare the strength of intermolecular forces and how these forces affect physical properties and changes.