Courses of Study

ANY, ANY, Text = ANY
Unique Standards Found: 8928

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate effective written and verbal communication skills, including problem-solving and critical-thinking skills.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 1
2 ) Interpret technical information related to the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries.

Examples: procedure charts, reference materials, handbooks

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 1
3 ) Utilize information technology tools to access, manage, and integrate information in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
4 ) Analyze an organizational structure for its systemic performance.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
5 ) Practice safety standards in the work environment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate knowledge and skills gained through student organization activities to enhance leadership and teamwork.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
7 ) Assess ethical and legal responsibilities to provide guidelines for conduct in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
8 ) Determine factors to be considered in developing an effective career plan, including procedures for obtaining employment in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 1
9 ) Utilize terminology related to the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate financial literacy skills as they relate to career goals and objectives in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain the role that safety plays in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries, including completing requirements for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration 10-hour construction course credential.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
12 ) Solve mathematical problems encountered in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 1
13 ) Demonstrate correct use of hand tools and power tools utilized in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
14 ) Relate information on blueprints to actual locations on the print, including terms, components, and symbols.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
15 ) Describe the use of slings, common rigging hardware, basic hitch configuration, proper connections, and basic load-handling safety practices.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
16 ) Describe the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries, including the role of companies that make up these industries and the role of individual professionals in these industries.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
17 ) Explain common uses for computers and computer software in the architecture, construction, and manufacturing industries.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Architecture, Construction, and Manufacturing
All Resources: 0
18 ) Identify various workplace issues.

Examples: sexual harassment, stress, substance abuse

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Relate the importance of drafting design technology in today's technological work force.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate the safe handling of drafting design tools according to classroom and environmental practices, procedures, and regulations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate mathematic skills related to drafting design, including basic fractions, scale reading, and conversion of customary to metric and metric to customary measurements.

•  Solving higher-order mathematics applications
Example: calculating thread depth and pitch

•  Calculating architectural computations
Examples: area, rise and run

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate use of drawing media and drafting instruments.

Examples: architectural scales, graphite, lead holders

•  Utilizing computer software for drafting applications
•  Reproducing drafting originals
Examples: print, plot, blueprint or photocopy

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate drafting techniques for freehand sketching, lettering, geometric figures, and the alphabet of lines to create a drawing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
6 ) Construct basic multi-view two-dimensional drawings, including visualizing principle views, creating third-angle projection, selecting proper drawing scale, and organizing layout of primary views.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
7 ) Apply dimensions and notes to multi-view drawings, utilizing American National Standards Institute (ANSI) dimensioning standards and decimal, metric, or dual dimensioning.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
8 ) Utilize CAD software to generate a multi-view drawing using appropriate file management techniques, basic drawing commands, and basic dimensioning techniques.

Examples: file management techniques—create, set up, and save files

-  basic drawing commands—line, ellipse, circle, scale

-  basic dimensioning techniques—linear, angular

•  Utilizing CAD software and computer to print a multi-view drawing
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate the proper use of sectional view concepts to create a full section, half section, broken-out section, offset section, revolved section, and a removed section.

•  Utilizing cutting planes
•  Applying section lining
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Create drawings of inclined surfaces.

•  Constructing primary auxiliary views
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Create drawings illustrating detailed, schematic, and simplified thread representations.

•  Identifying common thread terms
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Utilize pictorial concepts to produce an isometric drawing.

•  Identifying oblique, trimetric, diametric views
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Apply dimensions, notes, and other relative information to a drafting design project.

Examples: dimensions—angular, linear, tolerances

•  Utilizing American National Standards Institute (ANSI) dimensioning standards
•  Identifying dimensioning symbols and tolerances
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Create drawings of inclined surfaces that incorporate auxiliary sections and secondary auxiliary views.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Create a complete working drawing, including all dimensions, notes, and specifications.

•  Creating assembly drawings
•  Preparing bill of materials
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate basic geometric dimensioning and tolerancing concepts, with references to American National Standards Institute (ANSI) dimensioning standards, in an advanced drafting design project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Create three-dimensional geometric figures utilizing two-dimensional flat pattern surface development concepts.

•  Developing a layout of geometric figures
•  Cutting geometric patterns
•  Forming and folding geometric patterns
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Create a basic three-dimensional model of a mechanical part utilizing three-dimensional application software.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
6 ) Develop a career-related project based on research and design of current technology, including conducting Internet research, creating a working drawing, and using computer application software to organize and present the project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Create a basic residential floor plan, including symbols, dimensions, window and door schedule, and notes.

•  Recognizing elements and features found on residential floor plans
•  Utilizing sketches in preliminary layout
•  Identifying basic interior design considerations
•  Determining room relationships and exterior design factors
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Create a residential electrical plan, including notes and symbols.

•  Identifying elements and features found on a residential electrical plan
•  Explaining fire and smoke alarm requirements
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Draw a residential foundation plan, including footings, pier details, notes, and dimensions.

•  Identifying primary features included in foundation plans
Examples: foundation plans—slab construction, crawlspace construction

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Design a residential wall section for common building materials, including notes and dimensions.

•  Identifying primary features included in wall section views as related to slab and crawl space construction
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify styles and materials used in roof systems.

Examples: styles—gable, hip

-  materials—fiberglass, metal

•  Identifying roof pitch
•  Identifying overhang
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
6 ) Create residential elevation plans.

•  Explaining historical influences on current home design
•  Identifying exterior features of common residential styles
•  Describing common exterior materials used for roofing, walls, doors, and windows
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Create a basic multilevel residential floor plan, including symbols, dimensions, window and door schedule, and notes.

•  Identifying elements and features found on residential multilevel floor plans
•  Identifying interior design considerations in multilevel floor plans
•  Determining room relationships and exterior design factors in multilevel floor plans
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Create a plumbing plan, including symbols, fixtures, and notes.

•  Identifying plumbing terms, abbreviations, and definitions
•  Explaining the placement of water supply lines and waste discharge in a plumbing plan
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Create a residential HVAC system plan using needed symbols.

•  Identifying standard heating and cooling systems
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Create a residential site plan layout using plan notes, terms, symbols, and dimensions.

•  Identifying types of site plans
•  Describing site layout and location
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Intermediate Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Create a drawing of a stairway for a multilevel residential dwelling.

•  Applying stair components to a drawing of a residential stairway
•  Determining rise and run for a residential stairway
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Create a fireplace section and elevation with labels, notes, and dimensions.

•  Identifying the components of a masonry fireplace and chimney
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Prepare a residential presentation drawing.

•  Using various types of presentation drawings
Examples: pictorial, three-dimensional

•  Identifying methods of presentation
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Prepare material specification sheets for a residential home design.

•  Determining construction specifications for a residential home design
•  Identifying factors that influence specific requirements of home construction
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the application of national building codes to residential design.

•  Explaining the effect of codes on exit facilities, light, ventilation, and sanitation requirements
•  Explaining the effect of codes on handicap requirements and room dimensions
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Architectural Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Draw plans to illustrate basic commercial building types.

•  Identifying common types of commercial drawings
•  Describing how building codes relate to commercial structures
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design I
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify three-dimensional modeling commands necessary to complete a three-dimensional solid model design.

Examples: protrude command, revolved protrusion command

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design I
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify three-dimensional working planes for part sketching and profile creation.

•  Demonstrating how to attach additional working planes
Examples: parallel, inclined, perpendicular

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design I
All Resources: 0
3 ) Construct a three-dimensional model by selecting working planes, creating profiles for protrusion and extrusion, and utilizing rendering commands.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design I
All Resources: 0
4 ) Utilize commands to add features to three-dimensional models.

Examples: constructing holes, adding fillets and rounds, applying cutouts, chamfering edges

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design I
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate operations needed for converting a three-dimensional model to a two-dimensional parts drawing, including all dimension notes and other relative information.

•  Creating drawings that may incorporate primary views, sections views, and auxiliary views
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design I
All Resources: 0
6 ) Arrange primary views, including all dimensions, notes, and other relative information needed to complete a two-dimensional drawing for production.

Examples: specifying sheet size, editing drawing information, revising drawing

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design II
All Resources: 0
1 ) Create a three-dimensional assembly with clearances to ensure complete functionality.

•  Describing the application of part constraints to a three-dimensional assembly
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design II
All Resources: 0
2 ) Create a three-dimensional animation presentation with computer-generated models and drawings.

•  Defending a three-dimensional animation presentation
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design II
All Resources: 0
3 ) Create sheet metal models and flat pattern drawings, including the specification of relief settings and creation of a flat pattern.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Three-Dimensional Solid Model Design II
All Resources: 0
4 ) Develop a career-related project based on current research and design.

Examples: research—use of the Internet

-  preparation—creation of three-dimensional models based on current industry needs

-  presentation—use of a computer software application to organize a presentation of the project

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
1 ) Relate the importance of structural steel detailing to the current technological work force.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate mathematics skills related to structural drafting technology, including calculating with fractions, reading scales, converting customary to metric and metric to customary measurements, and solving higher-order mathematics problems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify structural steel shapes and properties.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify structural steel drafting terms, symbols, and abbreviations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify welding symbols and annotations on structural steel detail and plan drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain dimensions and notations on structural steel fabrication drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
7 ) Create structural steel framing drawings from an architectural sketch.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
8 ) Create structural steel detail connection drawings from an architectural sketch.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
9 ) Produce structural steel framing sections and elevations from an architectural sketch.

•  Demonstrating the application of standard architectural and engineering scales and dimensions to structural steel details
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Structural Drafting
All Resources: 0
10 ) Create a materials list of structural steel components taken from structural steel plans.

•  Calculating length, area, and weight from materials lists
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
1 ) Explain the importance of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), industry regulations, and individual responsibilities in workplace safety and health practices.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe job-related high-hazard area risk assessment techniques and the impact of accidents on industry.

•  Utilizing job safety analysis worksheets
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
3 ) Compare federal and state child labor laws regarding hours and locations where youth may work, including required permits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain worker rights according to the OSHA Safety and Health Regulations standards.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe characteristics of flammable and combustible liquids, including flash point, flammable limits, boiling point, vapor density, vapor pressure, ignition temperature, and specific gravity.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate storage and handling procedures for flammable and combustible liquids.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
7 ) Compare classes of fire and fire extinguishers.

•  Discussing the proper use of fire extinguishers
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
8 ) Develop an emergency plan, including fire protection, means of egress, exit route and exits, and special concerns for confined spaces.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain assured equipment grounding programs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
10 ) Interpret general environmental controls, safety color codes for marking physical hazards, and specifications for accident prevention signs and tags.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain machine guarding general requirements for industrial and construction machines and operations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
12 ) Explain tool safety guidelines, including hand, power, power-actuated, and pneumatic tools.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain industrial and construction health and first aid procedures, including personal protection from body fluids; skin, rash, or dermatitis incidents; and oil, gas, and chemical spills.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
14 ) Explain the importance of hazard communication, including signs, signals, barricades, markers, lockouts, and tags used on a job site.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
15 ) Explain the use of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
16 ) Explain the use of personal protective equipment, including eye, face, foot, and respirator protection.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
17 ) Explain site-specific protection procedures and safety requirements with regard to the importance of housekeeping procedures, the use of ladders and scaffolding, rigging procedures, and hazards of floor and wall openings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
18 ) Explain the importance of safety practices for manual lifting, load lifting, and rigging procedures.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities in the construction industry.

Examples: draftsman, engineer, construction foreman, carpenter, concrete finisher, plumber, electrician

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate job site safety concepts required for site preparation and foundation construction.

Examples: personal protection equipment, hand tool safety, power tool safety, electrical safety

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the mechanical drawing process used in designing structures.

•  Identifying various mechanical drawing components
Examples: symbols, dimension lines, extension lines, hidden lines, object lines, center lines, lettering

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain local building codes affecting the construction of buildings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
5 ) Calculate equipment and work space requirements for structures.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify factors in selecting building materials used in structures.

Examples: cost, availability, suitability

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
7 ) Formulate a bill of materials for a specific structure.

Examples: concrete, lumber, fasteners, roofing materials, hardware, electrical supplies, plumbing supplies

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify positive characteristics of a building site.

Examples: proper drainage, location, orientation

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain the importance of conducting property surveys for structures, including the location of property and setback lines.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate building layout procedures for a specific structure.

Examples: staking, squaring, constructing batter boards, leveling

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain how to lay out and construct pier, edge, and footing forms.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe the use of concrete reinforcements in structures.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate the use of concrete and masonry tools in construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate the process of mixing concrete.

•  Estimating the amount of concrete needed for a project
•  Applying various finishing techniques used with concrete
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundations
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate the process of laying block.

•  Estimating the number of concrete blocks needed for a project
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
1 ) Compare various career opportunities associated with frame construction.

Examples: engineer, construction foreman, carpenter

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate job site safety in frame construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
3 ) Compare applications of hardwood and softwood lumber used in framing structures.

•  Identifying grades of lumber
Examples: appearance grade, timber grade, dimension grade

•  Identifying defects that affect lumber grade
Examples: knot, wane, split, check, warp

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
4 ) Calculate a bill of materials for the framing of a wood structure.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
5 ) Compare advantages of concrete flooring systems and wood flooring systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
6 ) Design a floor framing system for a structure.

•  Describing the purpose of a sill used in structures
•  Demonstrating the layout of joist headers and floor joists used in structures
•  Contrasting various subfloor materials used in structures
Examples: tongue and groove plywood, plywood, oriented strand board, shiplap boards

•  Demonstrating the installation of a subfloor for a structures
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
7 ) Design a wall framing system for a structure.

•  Comparing the use of wood and metal wall framing components
•  Describing the use of a sole plate in structures
•  Demonstrating the construction of corner posts with and without blocking
•  Demonstrating the use and installation of full, cripple, and trimmer studs
•  Demonstrating the installation of a double top plate in structures
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for doors and windows, including headers
•  Demonstrating techniques for bracing a wall
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
8 ) Compare various wall sheathing materials for structures.

Examples: foam board, oriented strand board, insulating board, plywood

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain the importance of vapor barriers used in wall framing.

•  Comparing the advantages of using plastic and building felt as vapor barriers in walls
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
10 ) Design a ceiling framing system for a structure.

•  Demonstrating the installation of ceiling joists
•  Explaining the use of headers in two-story structures
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for stairs, attic access, and chimneys
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify types of stairs used in structures.

•  Comparing materials used in stair construction
•  Calculating the total rise, number and size of risers, and treads for a stairway
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the procedure for laying out and cutting stringers for stair construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate the procedure for installing handrails to stairs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
14 ) Identify types of roofs used on structures.

Examples: hip, gable, gambrel, shed

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
15 ) Compare conventional and truss roof systems for structures.

•  Laying out common, hip, and valley rafters
•  Laying out a truss using a framing square
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for vents, skylights, and chimneys
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
16 ) Compare various decking materials for roof systems.

Examples: tongue and groove plywood, plywood, oriented strand board

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe types of materials used for roof systems.

Examples: felt, shingles, metal roofing, roll roofing

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
18 ) Demonstrate the installation of roofing materials.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities associated with construction finishing.

Examples: construction foreman, painter, carpenter, plumber, electrician

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate job site safety in the finishing phase of construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the installation of a window in a structure.

•  Identifying various types of windows
Examples: casement, storm, fixed, sliding, double-hung

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the installation of a door in a structure.

•  Identifying various types of materials used for door construction
Examples: wood, metal, fiberglass

•  Identifying types of doors
Examples: interior, exterior, bi-fold, swinging, sliding

•  Identifying types of thresholds used with exterior doors
•  Installing door hardware
Examples: hinges, locksets, dead bolt locks

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
5 ) Design water supply and sewage drainage systems for a structure.

•  Identifying tools used in plumbing
Examples: pipe cutter, pipe wrench, torch, tubing cutter

•  Explaining the selection of specific types of pipe used in plumbing
Examples: steel, copper, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), acrylonitril butadiene styrene (ABS)

•  Explaining the selection of proper fittings for joining various kinds of pipe
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
6 ) Analyze components needed for wiring a structure.

Examples: power source, wire, connector, circuit breaker, switch, receptacle

•  Identifying tools used for electrical wiring
Examples: wire strippers, wire cutters, lineman's pliers, screwdrivers, test meter

•  Describing how national and local electrical codes affect the wiring of structures
•  Illustrating the use of electrical terms and symbols in electrical diagrams
Examples: alternating current (AC), direct current (DC), voltage, amperage, switch, receptacle, light

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate techniques for making electrical splices and connections for a single pole switch with light, three-way switch with light, and a duplex receptacle.

•  Utilizing ground fault circuit interrupters where required by code
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify criteria for selecting insulating materials for structures.

Examples: resistance-value (R-value), cost, durability

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe procedures for installing various insulating materials for structures.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the installation of exterior and interior wall coverings for structures.

•  Differentiating among types of exterior wall coverings for structures
Examples: wood, vinyl, masonry, metal

•  Differentiating among types of interior wall coverings for structures
Examples: wood, dry wall, paneling

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify materials, hardware, and fasteners used in cabinet construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the construction of storage units in structures.

•  Designing base and wall hung storage units
•  Determining countertop materials for storage units
•  Installing plumbing fixtures
•  Installing shelving
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify various finishes for exterior surfaces.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
14 ) Apply finishes to interior surfaces.

Examples: paints, lacquers, varnishes, stains, preservatives

•  Preparing interior surfaces for finishing
•  Identifying types of application methods for finishes
Examples: pneumatic application, natural bristle brushes, synthetic bristle brushes

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities available in the cabinetmaking industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
2 ) Apply safety standards and procedures for the cabinetmaking industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate use of hand tools in cabinetmaking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate procedures for inspecting, cleaning, and operating stationary power tools in cabinetmaking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
5 ) Differentiate common types of materials used to make cabinets and countertops.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
6 ) Describe cabinet components and hardware, including classes and sizes of typical base and wall kitchen cabinets.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
7 ) Produce various types of joints used in cabinetry and joinery.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
8 ) Construct a cabinet from a set of working drawings and specifications.

•  Explaining basic architectural building symbols used in cabinetry
•  Determining dimensions from a detailed cabinet drawing
•  Interpreting building specifications for installing and mounting cabinetry
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking I
All Resources: 0
9 ) Install plastic laminate on a cabinet countertop core.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety standards and procedures for the cabinetmaking industry.

•  Discussing methods of rigging and care of ladders, scaffolds, swing devices, and other equipment
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify tools, materials, and methods used in surface preparation.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
3 ) Determine types of surfaces used in cabinetmaking.

•  Demonstrating appropriate cabinet surfacing techniques
•  Demonstrating the ability to properly prepare surfaces for finishing
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
4 ) Classify characteristics of commonly used sealants, stains, paints, and laminates used in cabinetmaking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
5 ) Explain failures of paints and coatings on exterior and interior surfaces.

•  Determining solution to repair surface failures
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain remedies that may be used to repair physical failures to surface finishes, including scratches, discoloration, and watermarks.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
7 ) Explain the purpose of chemical cleaning and stripping, including how various kinds of chemical cleaners and strippers are used.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain cabinet refinishing techniques, including low-pressure water cleaning, abrasive blasting, and brushing and rolling.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain cabinet finishing techniques, including sealants, clear finishes, spray painting, and stains.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking II
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe advantages and disadvantages of various cabinetry products, including durability and availability.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety standards and procedures for the cabinetmaking industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe various types of CNC software and appropriate applications used in cabinetmaking and millworking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
3 ) Use CNC design features for cabinetmaking and millworking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
4 ) Use CNC art features for cabinetmaking and millworking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate CNC machine coding language applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain the troubleshooting process when software setup fails to interface with equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify CNC machine tooling capabilities.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
8 ) Evaluate the quality of the product produced related to cabinetmaking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Cabinetmaking III
All Resources: 0
9 ) Produce various millwork products used in cabinetmaking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify responsibilities and skills needed by a successful carpenter.

•  Identifying carpentry training, career, and entrepreneurial opportunities
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate the safe and proper use of hand and power tools used in carpentry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
3 ) Calculate quantities of lumber and wood products using industry-standard methods.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
4 ) Install fasteners, anchors, and adhesives used in carpentry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe properties and composition of concrete.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
6 ) Perform volume estimates for concrete quantity requirements.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify various types of footing forms used in construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
8 ) Construct a simple concrete form with reinforcement, plumbing, and bracing according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe the information found on drawings typically included in a set of construction plans.

Examples: lines; architectural abbreviations; electrical, mechanical, and plumbing symbols

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 1
Learning Activities: 1
10 ) Interpret plans, elevations, schedules, sections, and details contained in basic construction drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
11 ) Produce a list of materials needed for a specific construction project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
12 ) Convert measurements stated in feet and inches to equivalent measurements stated in decimal feet.

•  Converting decimal feet to feet and inches
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
13 ) Perform site layout tasks for a construction project according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
14 ) Use a builder's level and differential leveling techniques to determine site and building elevations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
15 ) Interpret drawings and specifications to determine floor system requirements.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
16 ) Identify floor and sill framing and support members.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
17 ) Select the proper girder or beam size according to specific floor load and span data.

•  Selecting the proper joist size according to specific floor load and span data
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry I
All Resources: 0
18 ) Construct a floor assembly to specifications.

Examples: bridging, joists for a cantilever floor, subfloor for a single-floor system

•  Calculating an estimate for materials needed to frame a floor assembly
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify tools and fasteners used in metal stud systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate the installation of a metal stud wall according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the installation of a metal doorframe according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the installation of a metal stud radius wall according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify components of a wall and ceiling layout.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify common materials and methods used for installing sheathing on walls.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
7 ) Construct exterior walls for a frame building, including laying out, assembling, erecting, and bracing to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate wall framing techniques used in masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate the installation of ceiling joists on a wood frame building according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
10 ) Calculate an estimate of materials required to frame walls and ceilings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate methods used to calculate the length of a rafter.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify various types of trusses used in roof framing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
13 ) Construct framing for a gable roof with vent openings according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
14 ) Construct framing for a roof opening according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
15 ) Use trusses to erect a gable roof according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
16 ) Estimate materials used in framing and sheathing a roof.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
17 ) Install a pre-hung window.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
18 ) Install a pre-hung exterior door with a lockset.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry II
All Resources: 0
19 ) Demonstrate the installation of stringers, risers, and treads for a stair system according to specifications.
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•  Constructing a handrail for a stair system
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify types and sizes of concrete aggregates.

•  Identifying special types of concrete and their uses
•  Identifying types of concrete reinforcement materials
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
2 ) Produce volume estimates for concrete quantity requirements.

•  Determining concrete curing times, methods, and materials
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify various kinds of footings, including continuous, spread-stepped, pier, and grade beam.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe components of footing forms and pier forms.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate the layout and construction of selected footing forms.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify continuous-pier, pile-cap, and grade-beam footings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify types of concrete structures that require the construction of foundation edge forms.

•  Explaining the purpose of edge forms in foundations
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate the construction and disassembly of slab-on-edge forms.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
9 ) Use grade information to set concrete screeds.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
10 ) Identify various types of concrete forms and their components.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate the construction, plumbing, and bracing of various concrete forms, including basic wall, ganged wall, radius wall, column, beam, shoring, and stair forms.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe purposes of basic processes involved in placing reinforcing bars.

•  Identifying standardized bar bends according to the American Concrete Institute (ACI)
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
13 ) Interpret reinforcement bar lists used in selecting concrete reinforcement systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
14 ) List types of ties used in securing concrete reinforcing bars.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
15 ) Use selected tools and equipment to cut, bend, and install reinforcing materials.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate the placement of reinforcement bars in walls, columns, beams, girders, joists, and slabs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
17 ) Identify lapped and welded splices used for securing concrete reinforcement bars.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
18 ) Identify the purpose of various types of concrete joints.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
19 ) Recognize factors affecting the quality of concrete placement.

•  Demonstrating methods for concrete placement finishing procedures
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Industrial Specialties
All Resources: 0
20 ) Identify equipment used to transport concrete.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify types of commercial construction drawings included in a set of plans and a materials takeoff.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret elevation, schedules, sections, details, symbols, and specifications contained in commercial construction drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
3 ) Convert measurements used in commercial carpentry applications.

Examples: engineering scale, architectural scale

•  Using a transit to determine site and building layout according to specifications
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe aerial lifts, skid steer loaders, trenchers, generators, compressors, compactors, forklifts, and backhoes.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate the set-up of equipment for oxyfuel cutting.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify types of arc welding electrodes.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate procedures to start, stop, and restart a welding bead.

•  Constructing a lap-joint fillet weld in overhead position
•  Constructing a T-joint fillet weld in the vertical up position
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate installation procedures for interior and end bays of metal buildings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe procedures used in leveling, squaring, and determining plumb lines for a metal building.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe types of walls and wall finishes used on metal buildings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate installation procedures for windows and doors in metal buildings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
12 ) Interpret metal building drawings and schematics.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify types of trusses and joists used in commercial roofing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate the installation of panels for a lap seam metal roof, including the preparation of eaves.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate installation procedures for a built-up roof.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate installation procedures for various metal roof systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
17 ) Demonstrate the sealing of a side-lap and standing-seam metal roof.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
18 ) Interpret plans and shop drawings related to ceiling layout.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Commercial Specialties
All Resources: 0
19 ) Install selected suspended ceilings according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
1 ) Compare various types of wall coverings used in interior residential carpentry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
2 ) Use appropriate fastening systems for residential interior applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
3 ) Install single and multilayer wall coverings, using a variety of fastener types and installation methods.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
4 ) Install wall covering over wood and metal studs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
5 ) Estimate materials needed for a specific wall covering installation project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain various degrees of drywall finishing recognized in the construction industry.

•  Describing materials used in drywall finishing, including compounds, joint reinforcing tapes, trim materials, textures, and coatings
•  Demonstrating the ability to finish a drywall with power and hand tools
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate door installation procedures in various interior partitions.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate safe use of hand and power tools needed for installing interior doors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify various types of suspended ceilings.

•  Interpreting plans and shop drawings related to suspended ceiling layout
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
10 ) Formulate a list of materials needed for constructing a suspended ceiling.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe various types of interior moldings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
12 ) Practice square and miter cuts used for molding installation.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate the fabrication of molding using coping joint cuts.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
14 ) Install interior door, window, base, and ceiling trim.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
15 ) Identify purposes of cabinet components and hardware.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate the installation of cabinet base and wall units.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Interiors
All Resources: 0
17 ) Install countertops, including plastic, laminate, tile, and granite.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
1 ) Explain the purpose of wall insulation and flashing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate the installation of selected common cornices.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate estimating methods for lap and panel siding.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate applications of wood siding, including grove, shiplap, board and batten, shake or shingle, plywood, hardwood, and particle board.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate the installation of fiber cement siding.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
6 ) Install selected types of vinyl or metal siding.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe types and applications of stucco and masonry veneer finishes.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate the installation of selected types of metal or vinyl gutters, downspouts, and accessories.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify materials and methods used in roofing.

•  Illustrating various roofing methods
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
10 ) Explain safety requirements for roof applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate the installation of fiberglass shingles on gable and hip roofs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate closing a valley using fiberglass shingles.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate procedures used to make roof projections watertight, including fiberglass shingles and wood shingles.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate the installation of the main and hip ridge caps using fiberglass shingles.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate the layout, cutting, and installation of a cricket or saddle.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
16 ) Install wood shingles and shakes on roofs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe how to close a valley using wood shingles and shakes.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
18 ) Demonstrate the installation of the main and hip ridge caps using wood shakes or shingles.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Carpentry for Residential Exteriors
All Resources: 0
19 ) Explain requirements for the installation of thermal and moisture protection materials.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures for masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify rules and regulations related to masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
3 ) Describe skills needed to work as a mason.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify tools and equipment used in performing masonry work.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
5 ) Interpret construction drawings and specifications for masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify components and types of mortar used in masonry construction.

•  Demonstrating various mortar mixing procedures using specified equipment
Examples: mixing mortar by hand, mixing mortar with a mechanical mixer

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe types of masonry bonds.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe various techniques used in masonry wall construction.

Examples: masonry bonds, setup, joints, construction

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate basic block and brick construction techniques.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
10 ) Use basic bricklaying procedures, including mixing of mortar, laying a mortar bed for block and brick, and laying bricks with head joint.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify composition, reinforcement, and forms used for concrete construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify various kinds of footings, including continuous, spread, stepped, and pier.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate site layout and measurements for a slab-on-grade with existing foundation and a slab-on-grade with integral foundation.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate the finishing of concrete according to specifications for a masonry project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
15 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a masonry project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures for block wall construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret measurements, drawings, and specifications for block wall construction.

Examples: locating building lines, establishing benchmarks

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the ability to set up a job area for block wall construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate steps used to prepare for concrete footings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
5 ) Construct block walls using running and stack bond materials in various block sizes and finishes.

Examples: sizes—4-, 6-, 8-, and 12-inch blocks

-  finishes—broken face, smooth face

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
6 ) Utilize various materials to bond doors and windows.

Examples: anchors, ties, expansion and control joints

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
7 ) Utilize various formulas for mixing mortar.

•  Determining mixtures for hand-mixed mortar and for machine-mixed mortar
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
8 ) Construct block corners using a variety of block sizes and finishes.

Examples: size—4- and 6-inch blocks

-  finishes—broken face, smooth face

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
9 ) Create a stretcher course of block for a block wall construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Block Wall Construction
All Resources: 0
10 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a block wall construction project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures for residential masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret residential masonry plans and drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate requirements for construction of various types of residential foundations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
4 ) Compare types of walls in residential buildings, including basic structure and function.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify the location and function of control joints and expansion joints.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify rules and regulations relative to masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
7 ) Construct various types of walls using reinforcement, jointing, and bonding techniques.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify various types of masonry arches.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
9 ) Construct semicircular and jack arches.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate techniques for installing masonry around windows, doors, and other openings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate techniques used to construct bracing, including pilasters.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify various types of insulation used with masonry construction.

•  Describing installation techniques for insulation with masonry construction
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify techniques used to eliminate moisture problems in various types of masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
14 ) Describe steps for setting up and maintaining elevated workstations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate the operation of material handling and hoisting equipment used with elevated workstations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
16 ) Describe safety requirements and guidelines employed in elevated and high-rise construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe scaffold positioning and laying techniques for masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
18 ) Discuss industry standards for quality control and inspection of residential masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry I
All Resources: 0
19 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a residential masonry construction project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures for residential masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify local building codes, state building codes, and neighborhood covenants.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
3 ) Use modular, spacing, layout, and corner rules when constructing residential masonry foundations with varying thickness, including 4-, 8-, and 12-inch walls.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
4 ) Construct foundation walls.

Examples: 4-, 8-, 12-inch walls

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
5 ) Construct a brick veneer wall.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
6 ) Use residential scaffolding typical to masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
7 ) Construct brick sills, steps, chimneys, and soldier courses using various bonds and laying styles.

Examples: laying styles—running, stacked, Flemish, American, herringbone

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Masonry II
All Resources: 0
8 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a residential masonry project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities available in composite masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
2 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures relative to residential masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
3 ) Interpret blueprints for constructing combination walls.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
4 ) Use modular measurements for 4-inch, 8-inch, and 12-inch block construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate modular measurements in brick construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
6 ) Construct hollow piers with brick and block combinations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
7 ) Construct combination block and brick walls using various patterns and bonds.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
8 ) Construct decorative panels in a composite wall.

Examples: borders, projected and recessed panels, rowlocks

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Composite Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
9 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a composite masonry project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures for commercial masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret blueprints used for commercial construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
3 ) Use module and spacing scales for commercial masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
4 ) Construct various foundations, including loading walls, piers, and pilasters.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
5 ) Construct 8-inch block walls used in commercial construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
6 ) Construct partition walls used in commercial construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
7 ) Construct decorative walls used in commercial construction.

Examples: broken face, fluted block

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
8 ) Construct commercial walls using various wall bonding materials.

Examples: ties, anchors, drywall, stucco

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Masonry
All Resources: 0
9 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a commercial masonry project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures related to high-rise construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
2 ) Apply safety guidelines related to high-rise construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate block and brick construction techniques employed in high-rise construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain all-weather construction techniques for masonry in high-rise construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate construction techniques for masonry walls and other stone building surfaces.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
6 ) Classify various materials such as glass block, acid brick, and refractory brick.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
7 ) Recognize signs of deterioration in masonry structures.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe causes of efflorescence, cracking, and faulty mortar joints.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain procedures for preventing and correcting efflorescence, cracking, and faulty mortar joints.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
10 ) Explain procedures for preventing and correcting water damage in basements due to masonry design.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
11 ) Recognize the difference between commercial and residential masonry drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify basic keys, abbreviations, and other references contained in a set of commercial masonry drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain procedures for calculating costs associated with high-rise masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry in High-Rise Construction
All Resources: 0
14 ) Explain inspection procedures used for masonry high-rise construction projects.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures relative to masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
2 ) Prepare a foundation with footings.

•  Using surveying and transit equipment for preparing a foundation with footings
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
3 ) Design door and window layout for block and brick construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate procedures for corner pole setup.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate arch and circle brick construction procedures.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
6 ) Describe procedures for creating a stone and glass wall.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate procedures for applying decorative accents, including stucco, ceramic, tile, stamped concrete, and copings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe various types of masonry, stone, block, and decorative block.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
9 ) Construct fireplace and chimney designs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Masonry Special Applications and Finishes
All Resources: 0
10 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a masonry construction project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures related to specialty masonry construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret blueprints for decorative fireplace and chimney construction.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the building of a brick fireplace and chimney.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
4 ) Construct a decorative mantel, hearth, and face wall.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
5 ) Interpret blueprints and measurements for decorative masonry trim.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
6 ) Construct various types of masonry garden features, including walls and planters.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Masonry Construction
All Resources: 0
7 ) Construct site walls and moving edges common to specialty masonry construction.

Examples: borders, basket weave, rowlocks

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components, or installing wiring.

Examples: lockout, tag-out

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
2 ) Explain electrical hazards in the workplace.

•  Demonstrating how to avoid electrical hazards
•  Minimizing electrical hazards in situations where elimination is not possible
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
3 ) Utilize formulas derived from Ohm's law and the Power law to calculate unknown electrical values.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
4 ) Utilize various meters to measure voltage, current, and resistance.

Examples: voltage ohm millimeter (VOM), ammeter clamp-on, multimeter

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
5 ) Verify the amount of power used by an electrical circuit.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
6 ) Use Kirchoff's current law to calculate the total current in series, parallel, and combination circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
7 ) Use Kirchoff's voltage law to calculate the total voltage drop in series, parallel, and combination circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
8 ) Verify various electrical values using assorted test equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe the purpose of the NEC.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
10 ) Utilize the NEC handbook to reference specific information.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
11 ) Define electrical terms and their symbols, including load, alternating current (AC ) voltage, direct current (DC) voltage, current, resistance, capacitance, inductance, frequency, and hertz.

•  Interpreting symbols for inductance, power supply, and resistance
•  Recognizing the relationship between alternating current and frequency
•  Recognizing the relationship between capacitance and sinc wave form
•  Interpreting symbols for inductance, power supply, and resistance
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify conductor insulation and jacket types according to application and conditions.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
13 ) Interpret all markings and ratings on conductors and cables.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
14 ) Install conductors in electro-metallic tubing and rigid conduit to specification.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
15 ) Draw circuits according to written description of circuit function.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
16 ) Describe the logical sequence and techniques used to identify and correct discrepancies in circuit function.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
17 ) Explain the relationship of volts, amperes, ohms, watts, hertz, and periods in AC circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
18 ) Demonstrate measurement of electrical quantities in AC circuits.

Example: measuring current in an energized circuit

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
19 ) Explain electrical properties of a resistive-capacitive-inductive circuit.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electrical Technology
All Resources: 0
20 ) Solve for various electrical values in a resistive-capacitive-inductive circuit.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate use of safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components or installing wiring.

Examples: lockout, tagout

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate how to avoid and minimize electrical hazards in the workplace.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain career and educational opportunities related to the electrical technology industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
4 ) Use mathematical formulas to determine conduit and electrical metallic tubing (EMT) bends.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
5 ) Perform bending of EMT and conduit used in basic wiring applications according to specifications.

Examples: offsets, stub-ups, saddle bends

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
6 ) Prepare conduit for installation, including inspecting, cutting, and reaming.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
7 ) Install fasteners, anchors, and hardware according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate installation procedures for electrical boxes, fittings, and raceways used in basic wiring.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
9 ) State functions of electrical switches and disconnects commonly used in wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
10 ) State functions of receptacles commonly used in basic wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
11 ) State functions of limiting devices commonly used in wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the use of conductors and cables in wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
13 ) Select materials to complete a specified wiring project.

•  Constructing a wiring project to specification
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
14 ) Create written drawings of a project wiring scheme.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
15 ) Estimate material costs for wiring applications based on wiring drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
16 ) Identify electric motors by construction and frame type.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe the operating characteristics of direct current (DC) shunt, series, and compound motors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
18 ) Describe dual-voltage motors and their applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
19 ) Explain relationships among motor voltage, system voltage, speed, and frequency.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Wiring
All Resources: 0
20 ) Demonstrate how to change the polarity of alternating current (AC) and DC motors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components or installing wiring in residential applications.

Examples: lockout, tagout

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify electrical hazards and how to avoid and minimize them in the residential construction environment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the purpose of grounding systems in residential wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
4 ) Distinguish between ground faults and short circuits in residential wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe the difference between system grounding and equipment grounding related to residential wiring.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate the installation of various grounding devices related to residential wiring.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate the process of conduit bending according to specifications using hand and power equipment.

•  Computing angles for conduit bends and offsets
•  Demonstrating procedures for correcting and modifying existing conduit and electrical metallic tubing (EMT) bends
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
8 ) Calculate type and size of electrical boxes based on application, number, and size of conductors using the NEC codebook.

•  Demonstrating the ability to locate and install electrical boxes according to the NEC codebook
•  Explaining the NEC requirements for supporting lighting fixtures
•  Demonstrating the ability to install lighting fixtures according to specifications
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
9 ) Select the correct size and type of conductors for residential wiring applications and NEC code.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate different methods for installing common conductors used in residential wiring.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
11 ) Produce quality conductor terminations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the procedure for installing lugs and connectors onto conductors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain the importance of using correct bolt torque when working with busbars.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate correct conductor splicing and crimping.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
15 ) Install main disconnects, switches, panel boards, and over-current protection.

•  Describing various types of residential electrical service installations
•  Calculating circuit loads for installation of electrical services
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
16 ) Identify devices used for over-current protection.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe the operation of circuit breakers and fuses.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
18 ) Use a specific plan to complete a wiring project for residential applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components or installing wiring.

Examples: lockout, tagout

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify electrical hazards and how to avoid and minimize them in the workplace.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate methods used to support and secure cable tray used in industrial wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the fabrication of complex cable tray configurations, including turns, offsets, and methods of hanging, according to specifications in industrial applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe the operation of solid state and mechanical contactors in industrial wiring.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
6 ) Install contactors and relays according to National Electrical Code (NEC) specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
7 ) Install a simple control circuit.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
8 ) Calculate load for single- and three-phase branch circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
9 ) Determine ampacity for single- and three-phase loads.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
10 ) Select conductors and over-current protection devices appropriate to the load of specified equipment.

Examples: welding machines, motors, heating and cooling equipment

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
11 ) Calculate conduit size by conduit and box fill requirements according to the NEC handbook.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
12 ) Determine electrical box and cabinet fill requirements.

•  Identifying bending radius requirements
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify occupancy sensors, photoelectric sensors, and timers used to control circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
14 ) Describe the function of ballasts in lighting systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
15 ) Install various lighting components.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
16 ) Calculate common conduit bends used in industrial applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Industrial Wiring
All Resources: 0
17 ) Use pneumatic and electrical benders to produce conduit bends according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components, or installing wiring.

Examples: lockout, tagout

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify electrical hazards and how to avoid and minimize them in the workplace.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the purpose of switchgears in commercial wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe construction, metering layouts, wiring requirements, and maintenance for switchgears.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe visual and mechanical inspections and electrical tests associated with low and medium voltage cables, busways, and instrumentation.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
6 ) Describe the function of ground fault relay systems used in commercial wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe the operation and function of Delta and Wye wired transformers.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate connecting a multi-tap transformer to obtain required secondary voltage.

•  Connecting a control transformer for a given application
•  Calculating the power factor for a given circuit
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify various types of hazardous locations encountered by commercial electricians.

Example: proximity work, limited-access work

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
10 ) Select commercial wiring materials and methods for use in hazardous locations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate the installation of explosion-proof boxes and fittings as specified by the National Electrical Code (NEC) codebook.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
12 ) Select feeder over-current protection devices for continuous and noncontinuous duty loads in commercial wiring applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
13 ) Calculate electrical loads for a variety of commercial applications.

Examples: office building, marina, restaurant

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
14 ) Calculate motor loads on electrical feeder lines.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
15 ) Describe various types of standby and emergency generators.

•  Describing operating principles of automatic and manual transfer switches
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Wiring
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate the installation of a commercial service entrance and load center or panel board

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components or installing wiring.

Examples: lockout, tagout

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify electrical hazards and how to avoid and/or minimize them in the workplace.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
3 ) Determine the size of wire needed for branch and feeder circuits for electric motors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
4 ) Select over-current and short-circuit protection devices for electric motors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
5 ) Recognize contactors and relays on schematic drawings.

•  Selecting appropriate contactors and relays for use in specified applications
•  Selecting pilot devices for use in specified control systems
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain how to connect motor controllers according to National Electrical Code (NEC) requirements.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe characteristics of solid-state devices.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify common types of transistors by their characteristics.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
9 ) Interpret electronic schematic diagrams common to motor control systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
10 ) Install diodes, light emitting diodes (LEDs), silicon controlled rectifiers (SCRs), and solid-state devices.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify alternating current (AC) and direct current (DC) motors from schematic drawings and physical characteristics.

•  Demonstrating the ability to connect motors for high and low voltage applications
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe functions of various fire alarm system components.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain types of circuitry that connect fire alarm components.

•  Interpreting the National Fire Alarm Code (NFPA) 72 for installation and maintenance
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
14 ) Describe functions of current and potential transformers.

•  Connecting current transformers
•  Connecting potential transformers
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
15 ) Install shielded, constant current, and specialty transformers according to NEC requirements.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
16 ) Interpret motor control schematics.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe procedures for installing manual and magnetic motor starters for various switches in accordance with NEC requirements.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
18 ) Install various motor control devices.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
19 ) Draw a common ladder diagram according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
20 ) Identify symbols, terms, and devices used for programmable logic controller (PLC) operations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
21 ) Write a single PLC application utilizing pushbuttons, coils, timers, and lights.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Motor Control
All Resources: 0
22 ) Describe troubleshooting techniques used to solve wiring problems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components, or installing wiring.

Examples: lockout, tagout

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify electrical hazards, including how to avoid or minimize these hazards in the workplace.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate maintenance skills, including proper storing, testing, and servicing of motors and generators.

•  Collecting motor data for maintenance monitoring
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify contactors and relays in motor control circuits both physically and schematically.

•  Describing operating principles of motor components
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify pilot devices in motor control circuits both physically and schematically.

•  Describing operating principles of pilot devices
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
6 ) Interpret motor control wiring connections and ladder diagrams for industrial usage and application.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
7 ) Select size contactors and relays for use in specific electrical motor control systems according to National Electrical Code (NEC) requirements.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
8 ) Install solid-state relays for specific application in motor control circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
9 ) Install nonprogrammable and programmable motor circuit protectors in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

•  Installing solid-state overload relays in various motor circuits
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe the purpose for electric heat tracing equipment used with domestic hot water temperature maintenance systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
11 ) Select materials and tools for high-voltage terminations and splices.

•  Preparing high-voltage cable for terminations and splices
•  Testing high-voltage terminations and splices
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify electromechanical and solid-state timing relays for specific applications in motor control circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
13 ) Describe various types of reduced-voltage motor controllers.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
14 ) Apply adjustable frequency drives for controlling a motor in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
15 ) Design special precautions for use when handling and working with solid-state motor controls.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
16 ) Explain operating principles for various types of motor braking.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
17 ) Perform preventive maintenance and troubleshooting tasks in motor-control circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
18 ) Describe the purpose of electric heat tracing equipment used with pipelines and vessels.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Advanced Motor Control
All Resources: 0
19 ) Install electric heat tracing equipment on selected pipelines and vessels in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and NEC requirements.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
1 ) Define class-one, class-two, and class-three hazardous locations and installations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret service and grounding code requirements for a modular home community.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
3 ) Interpret NEC requirements for commercial garages.

Examples: electrical services, grounding, hazardous locations

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify NEC requirements for theaters.

Examples: services, grounding, stage lighting

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
5 ) Utilize research skills to determine NEC requirements for hospitals, including services, grounding, emergency generation, color coding for special circuits, and exit lighting.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
6 ) Interpret NEC requirements for explosion-proof electrical services and grounding for airport hangers.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
7 ) Determine NEC requirements for electrical services, grounding, and explosion-proof electrical services for service stations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
8 ) Interpret NEC requirements for the installation of explosion-proof equipment, conduits, and fittings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
9 ) Apply research skills for interpreting NEC requirements for swimming pools, spas, and hot tubs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
National Electrical Code and Journeyman's Preparation
All Resources: 0
10 ) Identify NEC requirements for electric welding machines.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify structure and characteristics of the atom.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
2 ) Explain the relationship of the atom to an electrical charge, including electrostatic field and law of charges.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify sources of electricity, including chemical, mechanical, and solar.

Examples: chemical—battery

-  mechanical—generator

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain electrical terms, including direct current (DC), voltage, resistance, power, conductors, and insulators.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
5 ) Interpret electrical symbols

Examples: unit symbols, schematic symbols

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain components of a basic circuit, including source, load, and conductor.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
7 ) Explain electrical quantities and units of measure, including voltage, current, resistance, and power.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
8 ) Determine electrical quantities of volts, ohms, and amperes utilizing appropriate test equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify different types of resistors, including fixed and variable resistors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
10 ) Determine resistance values using the standard resistor color code.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
11 ) Determine electrical and physical characteristics of resistors.

Examples: resistance, power rating, wattage

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
12 ) Solve problems in electrical series, parallel, and combination circuits using Ohm's law to determine voltage, current, resistance, and power.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate the fabrication of specified DC circuits, including the use of soldering, breadboards, and wiring techniques.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Direct Current
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate troubleshooting techniques for circuits, including opens, shorts, and grounds.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
1 ) Explain electrical terms, including alternating current, frequency, period, sine wave, capacitance, and inductance.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret electrical symbols.

Examples: unit symbols, schematic symbols

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain terms and principles of electromagnetism, including permeability, retentivity, and inductance.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain electrical quantities, including frequency, impedance, power, capacitance, inductance, voltage, current, watts, and periods.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
5 ) Measure electrical units, including volts, amperes, ohms, and hertz.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
6 ) Determine electrical quantities utilizing test equipment, including volts, frequency and period, amperes, and power.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
7 ) Solve problems in electrical circuits using Ohm's law, including voltage, current, impedance, and power.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
8 ) Solve resistive-capacitive circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
9 ) Solve resistive-inductive circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
10 ) Solve resistive-capacitive-inductive circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
11 ) Analyze filter circuits to determine electrical values, including hi-pass, low-pass, band pass, and band stop.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Alternating Current
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate troubleshooting techniques for evaluating reactive circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify electronic control systems, including closed loop and open loop.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret symbols used in control circuit diagrams.

Examples: switches, relays, motors

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain input and output devices used in electronic control systems, including switches, sensors, transducers, relays, timers, counters, motors, and actuators.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
4 ) Interpret control ladder logic circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify uses of programmable logic controllers.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
6 ) Install programmable logic controllers with input and output devices.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
7 ) Program a controller to perform specific tasks.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
8 ) Interpret construction, electrical, and mechanical blueprints related to a variety of automated systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
9 ) Use input and output devices for performing automated and robotic tasks.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
10 ) Explain the operation of fluid power systems related to a variety of automated systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
11 ) Construct a robot to perform a specific task.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Electromechanical Controls
All Resources: 0
12 ) Evaluate robotic activities, including identifying problems and making necessary repairs.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify job opportunities and career pathways related to the welding industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
2 ) Summarize rules and regulations related to the welding industry.

•  Describing personal protection equipment used by welders
•  Demonstrating ways to avoid welding fumes
•  Explaining uses for Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) 'elated to welding
•  Explaining ways to avoid electrical hazards when welding
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate operation of shielded metal arc welding (SMAW) equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate tapping and scratching methods for striking and maintaining an arc.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate correct methods for welding a pad of beads with an E6010 and an E7018 electrode in flat, horizontal, vertical, and overhead positions.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
6 ) Select the proper electrode for an identified welding task.

•  Identifying factors that affect electrode selection
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
7 ) Interpret welding specifications in blueprints and drawings.

•  Identifying measuring tools and instruments used in welding
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
8 ) Interpret types of lines on welding drawings, including object, visible, hidden, leader, extension, dimension, and center.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
9 ) Interpret basic views on a welding drawing, including pictorial, top, front, sides, back, and detailed.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
10 ) Explain various parts of a welding symbol.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
11 ) Draw welding symbols based on the observation of actual welds.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate safety techniques for setting up and using oxy-fuel cylinders and equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Welding
All Resources: 0
13 ) Perform a variety of oxy-fuel gas cutting tasks to specification.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safe welding procedures as related to the SMAW and plasma arc cutting (PAC) processes.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate T-joint techniques with an E7018 and an E6010 electrode in flat fillet welds in the 1-F position and horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate lap-joint techniques with an E7018 and an E6010 electrode in flat fillet welds in the 1-F position and horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate corner-joint techniques with an E7018 and an E6010 electrode in flat fillet welds in the 1-F position and horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
5 ) Use manual plasma arc cutting equipment for carbon steel, aluminum, and stainless steel, including setting up equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
6 ) Cut metal to specification using the plasma arc cutting process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
7 ) Explain various notes, including the bill of materials located on welding drawings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
8 ) Produce a drawing for a specific welding project.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding I with Plasma Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
9 ) Interpret blueprints to produce a welding project, including laying out, cutting, and welding.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding II with Carbon Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safe welding procedures related to SMAW and carbon arc cutting (CAC) process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding II with Carbon Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate correct T-joint techniques for single and multiple passes with an E7018 and E6010 electrode in vertical fillet welds in the 3-F position and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding II with Carbon Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate correct lap-joint techniques with an E7018 and E6010 electrode in vertical fillet welds in the 3-F position and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding II with Carbon Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate correct corner-joint techniques with an E7018 and an E6010 electrode in vertical fillet welds in the 3-F and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding II with Carbon Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate the setup for manual air carbon arc cutting equipment for carbon steel gouging and cutting.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding II with Carbon Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
6 ) Perform CAC cutting operations according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding II with Carbon Arc Cutting
All Resources: 0
7 ) Perform CAC gouging according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding III Groove Welds and Inspection
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures used for the SMAW process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding III Groove Welds and Inspection
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe groove welds with and without backing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding III Groove Welds and Inspection
All Resources: 0
3 ) Perform tasks needed to prepare carbon steel material for groove welds.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding III Groove Welds and Inspection
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate correct techniques for groove welding a butt joint with the backing plate in the 1-G flat position and in the 2-G horizontal position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding III Groove Welds and Inspection
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate correct techniques for groove welding an open root butt joint in the 1-G flat position and in the 2-G horizontal position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding III Groove Welds and Inspection
All Resources: 0
6 ) Prepare the weld coupon for performance testing in 1-G and 2-G positions with and without the backing plate.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding III Groove Welds and Inspection
All Resources: 0
7 ) Interpret applicable codes and standards of welding credential issuing agencies.

Example: American Welding Society (AWS).

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding IV Advanced Groove Welds and Testing
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures used for the SMAW process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding IV Advanced Groove Welds and Testing
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate correct techniques for groove welding a butt joint with backing plate in the 3-G vertical position and in the 4-G overhead position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding IV Advanced Groove Welds and Testing
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate correct techniques for groove welding an open root butt joint in the 3-G vertical position and in the 4-G overhead position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding IV Advanced Groove Welds and Testing
All Resources: 0
4 ) Prepare the weld coupon for performance testing in 3-G and 4-G positions with and without the backing plate.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding IV Advanced Groove Welds and Testing
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe codes, standards, and issuing agencies needed for attaining welding credentials.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding IV Advanced Groove Welds and Testing
All Resources: 0
6 ) Prepare the completed coupon for visual inspection.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Applied Welding IV Advanced Groove Welds and Testing
All Resources: 0
7 ) Prepare the coupon for bend testing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Metal Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
1 ) Explain safety precautions for the gas metal arc welding (GMAW) process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Metal Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate techniques for setting up GMAW equipment.

•  Explaining types of metal transfer specific to the GMAW process
•  Selecting filler wire and gas combinations for the GMAW process
•  Adjusting the GMAW machine with various controls and settings
Examples: spray arc, short arc

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Metal Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate fillet welds with the GMAW process for carbon steel.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Metal Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
4 ) Utilize the GMAW process to demonstrate proper T-joint fillet weld techniques for single and multiple passes, including flat fillet welds in the 1-F position, horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position, vertical up-and-down fillet welds in the 3-F position, and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Metal Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
5 ) Utilize the GMAW process to demonstrate proper lap-joint fillet weld techniques for single and multiple passes, including flat fillet welds in the 1-F position, horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position, vertical up-and-down fillet welds in the 3-F position, and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Metal Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
6 ) Utilize the GMAW process to demonstrate proper corner-joint fillet weld techniques for single and multiple passes, including flat fillet welds in the 1-F position, horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position, vertical up-and-down fillet welds in the 3-F position, and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe safety precautions for the FCAW process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate techniques for setting up, adjusting, and selecting materials for various types of FCAW machines and equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
3 ) Utilize the FCAW process to demonstrate proper T-joint fillet weld techniques for single and multiple passes, including flat fillet welds in the 1-F position, horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position, vertical fillet welds in the 3-F position, and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
4 ) Utilize the FCAW process to demonstrate proper lap-joint fillet weld techniques for single and multiple passes, including flat fillet welds in the 1-F position, horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position, vertical fillet welds in the 3-F position, and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
5 ) Use the FCAW process to demonstrate proper corner-joint fillet weld techniques for single and multiple passes, including flat fillet welds in the 1-F position, horizontal fillet welds in the 2-F position, vertical fillet welds in the 3-F position, and overhead fillet welds in the 4-F position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding I
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety regulations, procedures, and precautions of the GTAW process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding I
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate correct techniques for setting up, adjusting, and selecting materials for various GTAW machines and equipment, including tungsten electrodes, machine controls and settings, and shielding mixtures of gases.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding I
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate correct techniques for joint designs used in the GTAW process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding I
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate correct welding techniques for carbon steel in the 1-F flat position and in the 2-F horizontal position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding I
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate correct welding techniques for aluminum in the 1-F flat position and in the 2-F horizontal position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding I
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate correct welding techniques for stainless steel in the 1-F vertical position and in the 2-F horizontal position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures used in the GTAW process.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate correct welding techniques for carbon steel in the 3-F vertical position and in the 4-F overhead position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate correct welding techniques for aluminum in the 3-F vertical position and in the 4-F overhead position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate correct welding techniques for stainless steel in the 3-F vertical position and in the 4-F overhead position.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II
All Resources: 0
5 ) Prepare completed coupons for visual inspection.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II
All Resources: 0
6 ) Prepare coupon for destructive certification testing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Gas Tungsten Arc Welding II
All Resources: 0
7 ) Prepare coupon for nondestructive certification testing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities, responsibilities, and characteristics of a plumber and pipe fitter.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate the use of safety procedures and protective equipment used in plumbing and pipefitting.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify job-site hazards specific to plumbers and pipefitters.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain safety precautions when working in and around trenches and excavations.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify basic hand and power tools used in plumbing and pipefitting trades.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate the use of plumbing and pipefitting manuals and power tools.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
7 ) Perform selected pipe-joint preparation tasks using power tools.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify parts of a fitting and various pipe measuring techniques.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
9 ) Determine fitting allowances and thread makeup using dimension tables.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
10 ) Calculate end-to-end measurements using fitting allowances and thread makeup.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
11 ) Use trigonometric tables to calculate pipe travel.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the use of various reference materials used by plumbers and pipefitters.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate the safe and effective use of oxyfuel equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate the operation and use of motor-driven equipment used by plumbers and pipefitters.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate the use of blueprints and drawings used in plumbing and pipefitting.

•  Sketching isometric, orthographic, and schematic drawings used in plumbing and pipefitting
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate various techniques, materials, and schedules used in installing and supporting assorted piping.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
17 ) Identify types of materials and schedules used with copper piping.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
18 ) Assemble plastic, copper, threaded and valve, cast-iron, and carbon steel pipe.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
19 ) Demonstrate techniques for installing butt and socket welds.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting I
All Resources: 0
20 ) Demonstrate techniques for installing threaded pipe assemblies and bell and spigot pipe assemblies.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
1 ) Calculate 11 1/4, 22 1/2, 45, 60, and 72 degree offsets, parallel offsets, and rolling piping offsets, including using a framing square to find the travel in a piping offset and using a folding rule to find given angles.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
2 ) Interpret information from a site plan to locate plumbing entry points, wall chases, material takeoff, and drain water, vent pipe, and water supply systems.

•  Developing estimates for installation of piping systems
•  Establishing piping fixture locations
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the use of shoring materials and premanufactured support systems used in pipeline installation.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
4 ) Determine the grade and elevation of a trench for a sewer line.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify types of underground piping materials and fittings by size and classification.

Examples: Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride (CPVC), Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), ductile iron, carbon steel

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate the installation of various drain systems.

Examples: floor, roof, other specified areas

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate how to service various types of valves used in plumbing and pipefitting applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
8 ) Install a water distribution system using various hangers and fittings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
9 ) Install a properly-sized water service line, including backflow prevention.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the installation of bathtubs, shower stalls, valves, faucets, water closets, urinals, lavatories, sinks, and pop-up drains.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate safety precautions that must be followed when working on or near electrical equipment.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
12 ) Calculate wattage consumed by an energized circuit.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
13 ) Determine voltage, current, and resistance measurements using electrical test equipment.

•  Determining the position of leads for reading voltage, current, and resistance
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
14 ) Identify hangers and supports used to install drainage, waste, and vent (DWV) and water supply systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
15 ) Install pipe hangers and supports according to local codes and manufacturer's specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate the installation of common types of fire-stopping materials used in penetrations through fire-rated structural members.

Examples: walls, floors, ceilings

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
17 ) Develop a material takeoff from a given set of piping plans.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
18 ) Determine the location of fixtures and field routing of plumbing from plans and fixture rough-in sheets.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
19 ) Describe a building sewer system, a building drain, and a DWV system using appropriate hangers on correct grade.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting II
All Resources: 0
20 ) Determine correct function by testing a DWV system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate various techniques used in hanging, supporting, measuring, cutting, joining, and grooving corrugated stainless steel tubing according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify types of plumbing fixtures and faucets.

Examples: sinks, lavatories, bathtubs, bath-shower modules

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify procedures for repairing plumbing fixtures, valves, and faucets.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify procedures for maintaining plumbing fixtures, valves, and faucets.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify functions of various components of a drainage system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain the importance of traps in various piping systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe the process by which water is distributed in municipal, residential, and private water systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain relationships between components of a water distribution system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain functions of water heater components.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe installation procedures for electric and gas water heaters.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe the function and properties, safety precautions, and hazards of major components of various fuel systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
12 ) Design a fuel gas system according to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain the history, trends, economic conditions, and the training of professionals in the plumbing and pipefitting industry.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plumbing and Pipefitting III
All Resources: 0
14 ) Define the role and characteristics of plumbing and pipefitting crew leaders.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety rules, regulations, and procedures for HVACR.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
2 ) Draw a basic refrigeration system, including refrigerant flow, components, and lines.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the procedure for installing filter dryers.

Examples: liquid-line filter dryer, suction-line filter dryer

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the procedure for installing and removing a gauge set.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate pressure temperature conversion procedures.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
6 ) Determine pressures and temperatures on domestic and commercial refrigeration systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate industry-recognized evacuation procedures for a refrigeration system.

Example: triple evacuation

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate the detection and repair of a refrigerant leak.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate the process of charging a refrigeration system.

Examples: weigh-in, superheat, subcooling

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the removal and replacement of a major refrigeration component.

Examples: compressor, metering device, condenser, evaporator

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Basic Compression Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe the operation of basic components of a refrigeration system.

•  Identifying operation of refrigeration accessories
Examples: accumulators, sight glass

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
1 ) Explain job opportunities related to the HVACR program.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
2 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures for HVACR.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
3 ) Construct fittings, including flare connections and swage joints to specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the process of bending tubing for specific angles.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate setup of oxyacetylene and air acetylene welding.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate oxyacetylene welding processes, including lighting and adjusting torch, soft-soldering copper fittings and tubings, and silver brazing.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate techniques for cutting and threading galvanized and black iron pipe to specification.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
8 ) Interpret blueprints for HVACR, including symbols, components, and specifications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate the use of basic technical mathematics skills.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety rules, regulations, and procedures as applicable to HVACR maintenance.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
2 ) Explain various types of HVACR preventive maintenance programs, including those used in residential and commercial systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain benefits associated with equipment maintenance.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
4 ) Develop a preventive maintenance program for electric heat systems, gas heat systems, heat pump systems, and package heat and cooling units.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate techniques used for troubleshooting gas heating and electric furnaces.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain the combustion theory for gas and oil related to HVACR

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
7 ) Explain possible causes of system failure in cooling and heating units.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
8 ) Determine procedures used to correct system malfunctions in cooling and heating units.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate techniques used for troubleshooting cooling systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning, and Refrigeration Maintenance
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate techniques used for troubleshooting heat pumps.

•  Demonstrating procedures for troubleshooting HVACR electric controls
•  Demonstrating procedures for methods used to balance air and heat systems
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety rules, regulations, and procedures when working with electrical systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate use of hand tools and power tools related to HVACR systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
3 ) Use various meters to measure electrical values.

Examples: analog, digital

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the use of Ohm's law and Joule's law.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate procedures for testing fuses and capacitors.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate procedures for building series, parallel, and series-parallel circuits.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
7 ) Determine the functional condition of motor windings in a single-phase compressor.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate testing procedures for electrical components, including fan relays, contactor relays, capacitors, and motor windings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
9 ) Determine procedures for measuring heat anticipator amperes.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate procedures for installing heating and cooling thermostats.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain conductors, insulators, and related symbols used in HVACR.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate procedures for making proper electrical connections.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Electricity for Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Systems
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain various types of wiring diagrams, including pictorial, line, and schematic used in HVACR.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety rules, regulations, and procedures when working with electrical circuits used in HVACR systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate techniques involved with assembly and disassembly of a single-phase motor.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
3 ) Determine resistance of windings in a split-phase motor to identify start-run windings.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
4 ) Determine common start and run terminals of a single-phase compressor motor.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate preventive maintenance procedures for a window air conditioner.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate the procedure for replacing a double-shaft fan motor.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate troubleshooting techniques to solve electrical problems encountered in HVACR electrical systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate procedures used for replacing electrical components in an HCACR system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating, Ventilation, Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Electrical Components and Controls
All Resources: 0
9 ) Interpret schematic wiring diagrams for HVACR systems and system components.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety rules, regulations, and procedures for handling refrigerants.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe different classes of refrigerants.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain physical and chemical properties of refrigerants.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify azeotropic mixtures and blends.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify the color and classification of refrigerants using the Pantone Matching System (PMS) color number.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
6 ) Describe saturation pressure and temperature, including single element refrigerant, azeotropic, zoetropic, and blends.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify saturation pressure and temperatures for different types of refrigerants.

•  Identifying when saturation pressure and temperature do not match the refrigerant
Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
8 ) Calculate superheat and subcooling and superheat and subcooling glide for HVACR.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate recovery techniques recognized by the EPA for refrigerant applications.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the use of R-410 refrigerant gauges.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Refrigerants
All Resources: 0
11 ) Compare the type of refrigerant oil used with each type of refrigerant classification.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety rules, regulations, and procedures for commercial heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, and refrigeration (HVACR).

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
2 ) Determine the condition of electrical defrost systems utilized in commercial refrigeration.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
3 ) Apply correct procedures for evacuation and charge of a commercial refrigeration system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate how to adjust high and low pressure controls of a commercial system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
5 ) Determine different types of condensers and evaporators used in commercial refrigeration systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify different types of metering devices used in commercial refrigeration systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate the operation of service valves used in commercial refrigeration systems.

Examples: front-seat, mid-position, back-seat, ball-check

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
8 ) Apply skills necessary to pump down a commercial refrigeration system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Commercial Refrigeration
All Resources: 0
9 ) Determine oil pressure in a commercial refrigeration system.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety rules, regulations, and procedures for heating, ventilation, air-conditioning, and refrigeration (HVACR).

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
2 ) Determine temperature rise across a gas furnace.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
3 ) Determine the condition of a combustion chamber.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
4 ) Practice techniques for heating system component replacement.

Examples: fan-limit control, gas valve, transformer, wall thermostat, blower motor

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
5 ) Determine airflow for a heat pump.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
6 ) Determine the condition of a heating element.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
7 ) Determine the condition of motor and blower for HVACR systems.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
8 ) Demonstrate the procedure for checking sequencers.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe components of an electric heat pump.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the procedure to test and replace components of an electric heat pump.

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
11 ) Perform preventive maintenance on HVACR equipment.

Examples: gas-fueled equipment, electric heating equipment, forced-air furnaces, air handlers, electronic air cleaners, humidifiers, indoor and outdoor heat pump coils

Architecture and Construction (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Heating and Heat Pump Systems
All Resources: 0
12 ) Estimate material and labor costs for HVACR system installation and repairs.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify major agricultural commodities in the local area, state, nation, and world.

•  Sequencing major changes and accomplishments in the history of agriculture
•  Describing various agricultural organizations and their roles in the agricultural industry
•  Defining agriculture and major divisions of the agricultural industry.
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
2 ) Determine factors in developing an effective career plan, including procedures for obtaining employment.

•  Identifying various careers in the agricultural industry
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify tool and equipment safety procedures in woodworking, welding, electrical, small engine, plumbing, and masonry operations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
4 ) Utilize technology to access, manage, and integrate information in the agricultural industry.

Examples: Internet, spreadsheets, databases

•  Identifying technological advancements that enhance the agricultural industry
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
5 ) Apply problem-solving skills to resolve agribusiness issues.

•  Explaining the eight steps in the decision-making process
•  Describing fundamental principles of economics that affect the management of a business, including supply and demand
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify characteristics of a SAE program, including manageability, record keeping, availability of facilities, and financing.

•  Identifying principles of financial literacy
•  Describing factors to be considered in agricultural entrepreneurial opportunities
Examples: risk, reward, business climate, obtaining finances

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate communication skills, including prepared public speaking, extemporaneous speaking, creed speaking, and parliamentary procedure, through career development events (CDEs).

•  Demonstrating leadership and teamwork skills gained through student organization activities
Examples: activities—CDEs, proficiency awards, officer leadership opportunities, teamwork opportunities

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify methods for conserving the environment. Identify methods for conserving the environment.

•  Explaining the importance of natural resources
•  Describing techniques for recycling, reusing, and reducing the use of natural resources
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify major soil areas in Alabama.

•  Identifying layers of soil in a soil profile
•  Determining the texture of various soil samples
•  Determining the land capability class for a given plot of land
•  Explaining how to adjust soil pH
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
10 ) Determine characteristics and functions of plants.

•  Explaining plant processes, including photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration
•  Identifying the sixteen essential elements needed for plant health and growth
•  Identifying various requirements needed to produce successful vegetable gardens, greenhouse plants, and landscape plants
•  Propagating plants sexually and asexually
•  Explaining how agricultural crops can be utilized as alternative fuel sources
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
11 ) Determine forest management practices.

•  Identifying trees for local, state, national, and global markets
•  Applying mathematical concepts to the measurement of trees and land
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify common breeds of livestock and their characteristics, including cattle, swine, sheep, equine, and poultry.

•  Identifying species-specific terminology used to describe livestock
Examples: bovine—bull, cow, heifer, steer, calf

-  equine—stallion, mare, foal, gelding, filly

-  swine—boar, sow, piglet, gilt, barrow

•  Explaining practices used to manage livestock, including handling, breeding, vaccinating, and transporting
•  Determining nutritional requirements for livestock, including cattle, swine, sheep, equine, and poultry
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
13 ) Differentiate among types of aquaculture enterprises in Alabama, including catfish, crawfish, shrimp, and tilapia.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
14 ) Assess ethical and legal responsibilities for conduct in wildlife management.

•  Identifying state hunting laws and regulations concerning wildlife
•  Explaining hunter ethics
•  Determining management practices used to enhance wildlife habitats
•  Explaining hunting safety practices
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
15 ) Describe the importance of pest management in the agricultural industry.

•  Comparing types of pesticides and how they control pests
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
16 ) Apply mathematical, reading, and writing skills used in woodworking.

•  Developing a plan of procedure for a woodworking project
•  Interpreting a plan of procedure for a woodworking project
•  Demonstrating procedures for constructing a woodworking project, including completing a bill of materials, calculating board feet, selecting tools, applying measurements, cutting, assembling, and finishing
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
17 ) Demonstrate procedures used in arc welding.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
18 ) Explain the theory of operation for two- and four-cycle small engines.

•  Performing routine care and maintenance on small engines
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
19 ) Demonstrate procedures used in wiring electrical circuits.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience
All Resources: 0
20 ) Identify procedures for installing and maintaining water and sewage lines for agricultural structures.

•  Demonstrating the installation of plumbing fixtures
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities within the agricultural industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify safety rules and procedures required for working with hand and power tools in agricultural operations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
3 ) Determine the impact of the agricultural industry on the economies of Alabama, the United States, and the world.

•  Describing major factors in world consumer preferences
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe basic human needs, including food, clothing, and shelter.

•  Describing benefits of an abundant, inexpensive, and safe food supply produced by United States farmers for the American population
Examples: abundance—independence from foreign food imports

-  inexpensive—less income spent on food

-  safe food supply—better overall health of populations

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe criteria for selecting a SAE.

Examples: years in program, career interest, career advantages

•  Identifying requirements of a SAE, including manageability, availability of facilities, financing, and record keeping
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate qualities of leadership, including cooperation, citizenship, and communication.

Examples: cooperation - teamwork

-  citizenship—community service

-  communication—written and verbal skills

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
7 ) Contrast sources of agricultural and nonagricultural pollution in water supplies.

Examples: agricultural pollution—fertilizers, pesticides

-  nonagricultural pollution—trash, industrial wastes

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
8 ) Differentiate renewable from nonrenewable natural resources.

Examples: renewable—water, trees

-  nonrenewable—fossil fuels

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
9 ) Compare methods of soil, water, and wildlife conservation.

Examples: soil—cover cropping, wind breaks, no-till farming, terracing

-  water—creating water reservoirs

-  wildlife—restocking, following governmental regulations

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
10 ) Explain benefits of forests and woodlands.

Examples: aesthetics, recreation, building materials, wildlife, water, air purification

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
11 ) Compare structure, size, and scale of various breeds of domesticated animals.

•  Describing the importance of domesticated animals
•  Describing the benefits of various breeds of domesticated animals
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
12 ) Explain the role of plants in the transfer of energy through food chains.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
13 ) Describe the structure and function of seeds.

•  Describing proper handling, storage, and care of seeds
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
14 ) Distinguish fruits from vegetables.

•  Identifying locally grown fruits and vegetables
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
15 ) Explain the impact of fertilizers and pesticides on plant growth.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
16 ) Analyze biotechnology to determine benefits to the agriculture industry.

Examples: improved productivity, medical advancements, environmental benefits

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe technology used in the agricultural industry.

Examples: remote sensing, robotics, global positioning systems (GPS), geographical information systems (GIS), electronic reference sources, data management software

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
18 ) Explain the importance of agribusiness marketing skills, including salesmanship, customer service, and advertising.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Agriscience
All Resources: 0
19 ) Interpret a woodworking project plan.

•  Identifying whole number and fractional designations on a standard ruler
•  Recognizing uses of basic woodworking tools and materials
•  Demonstrating techniques for sanding and finishing wood
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities in the agricultural industry.

•  Evaluating factors for selecting an agriscience career
Examples: personal interests, abilities, preparation, salary

•  Describing desirable work habits for the agricultural industry
Examples: reporting to work on time, wearing appropriate clothing, following directions, cooperating with coworkers

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe safety rules and regulations that apply to the agricultural industry.

•  Demonstrating safe use of hand tools
•  Demonstrating safe use of power tools
•  Demonstrating safe techniques for small engine maintenance
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the impact of agriculture on a county's economy, utilizing National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) information.

•  Describing the impact of an abundant, inexpensive, and safe food supply
Examples: abundant—independence from foreign food imports

-  inexpensive—less income spent on food

-  safe—better overall health of populations

•  Comparing United States and world agricultural practices
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify types of SAEs, including exploratory, research, placement, and entrepreneurship.

•  Describing the criteria for selecting an appropriate SAE
Examples: years in program, career interests, career advantages

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate communication skills utilized within an agribusiness.

Examples: public speaking, letter writing

•  Demonstrating qualities of leadership, cooperation, and good citizenship within an agricultural organization
•  Demonstrating parliamentary procedures used to conduct agribusiness meetings
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify major body parts of cattle, swine, sheep, equine, and poultry.

•  Describing the impact of selective breeding and cloning on livestock breeds
•  Evaluating selected groups of animals according to confirmation, frame size, muscling, grade, and breed characteristics
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe methods and facilities used in the production of various aquatic species.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe structures and functions of the major parts of a plant.

•  Comparing photosynthesis and respiration
•  Identifying sexual methods of plant reproduction
•  Illustrating important techniques of asexual plant propagation
Examples: cuttings, division, grafting, layering, tissue culture

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify the major components of soil.

•  Comparing soil horizons
•  Relating soil characteristics to uses
Examples: texture, drainage, permeability, organic compression, class capabilities

•  Explaining the importance of soil to agriculture
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
10 ) Relate populations within a habitat to communities, ecosystems, and biomes.

•  Comparing biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem
•  Identifying limiting factors that affect plant and animal populations in an ecosystem
Examples: food, shelter, water, climate, nutrients, physical space, disease, pollution, natural disasters

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
11 ) Evaluate agricultural and nonagricultural sources of pollution.

•  Describing the potential impact of climate change on plants, animals, and land
•  Explaining effective methods of reducing pollution
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
12 ) Develop a bill of materials and plan of procedure for a woodworking project.

•  Selecting the hardware required for a woodworking project
•  Calculating the number of board feet required for a woodworking project
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
13 ) Construct a woodworking project.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
14 ) Identify sources of electrical energy.

•  Explaining the electron theory and its relevance to electrical circuitry
•  Explaining the relationship between electricity and magnetism
•  Describing electrical terms, units, and symbols
•  Applying techniques for making electrical splices
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
15 ) Perform routine care and maintenance on small engines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
16 ) Describe computer skills used in the agricultural industry.

Examples: researching electronic reference sources, managing data, analyzing data, and communicating information

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
17 ) Explain uses of the geographic information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) as they relate to agriculture.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Agriscience Exploration
All Resources: 0
18 ) Explain ways agricultural products and services are marketed.

•  Describing the role of communication in agricultural marketing
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
1 ) Compare job characteristics of various career opportunities in the power equipment industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate safety concepts required for performing maintenance on small engine systems.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify specific tools used on small engines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain the theory of operation for four-stroke engines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify parts of a four-stroke engine.

•  Diagnosing mechanical system problems in a four-stroke engine
•  Solving mechanical system problems in a four-stroke engine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain how the ignition system works in four-stroke engines.

•  Diagnosing ignition system problems in a four-stroke engine
•  Solving ignition system problems in a four-stroke engine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
7 ) Explain how the fuel system works in four-stroke engines.

•  Diagnosing fuel system problems in a four-stroke engine
•  Solving fuel system problems in a four-stroke engine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain the theory of operation for two-stroke engines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify parts of a two-stroke engine.

•  Diagnosing mechanical system problems in a two-stroke engine
•  Solving mechanical system problems in a two-stroke engine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
10 ) Explain how the ignition system works in two-stroke engines.

•  Diagnosing ignition system problems in a two-stroke engine
•  Solving ignition system problems in a two-stroke engine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain how the fuel system works in two-stroke engines.

•  Diagnosing fuel system problems in a two-stroke engine
•  Solving fuel system problems in a two-stroke engine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify air and liquid cooling system components and their functions.

•  Explaining the process and need for draining and replacing coolants
•  Diagnosing cooling system problems in small engines
•  Solving cooling system problems in small engines
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify preventive maintenance procedures for servicing small engines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate procedures for disassembling and cleaning small engines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate the procedure for inspecting small engines for wear.

•  Demonstrating the procedure for measuring engine components
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate the procedure for assembling a small engine according to the manufacturer's specifications.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Two- and Four-Stroke Engines
All Resources: 0
17 ) Explain the operation of an exhaust system on a four-stroke and a two-stroke engine.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities in power equipment technology.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
2 ) Explain safety procedures for working with power equipment systems.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
3 ) Differentiate among common tools used with hydraulic and pneumatic systems.

Examples: mechanical tools, hose crimpers

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify common test equipment used with hydraulic and pneumatic systems.

Examples: gauges, flow meters

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify systems in power equipment that utilize hydraulics.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
6 ) Distinguish between single-acting and double-acting hydraulic cylinders.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe components of a hydraulic system.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain how a hydraulic system works.

•  Diagnosing problems with a hydraulic system
•  Solving problems found in a hydraulic system
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify parts of a pneumatic system.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
10 ) Explain how a pneumatic system works.

•  Diagnosing problems with a pneumatic system
•  Solving problems found in a pneumatic system
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify power equipment drive train components and the functions of each.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
12 ) Diagnose power equipment clutch and transmission problems.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify controls used in hydraulic and pneumatic systems.

Examples: electronic, digital, robotic, manual

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
14 ) Describe the use of compliance controls on power equipment.

Examples: engine kill switch, inertia brake control

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate the procedure for manual starter overhaul.

•  Diagnosing manual starter problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
16 ) Demonstrate the procedure for repairing electric starters.

•  Diagnosing electric starter problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Power Equipment Technology
All Resources: 0
17 ) Identify preventive maintenance procedures used in checking and servicing hydraulic and pneumatic systems.

Examples: changing fluids, changing filters, checking fluid levels, checking hoses

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities in the construction industry.

Examples: draftsman, engineer, construction foreman, carpenter, concrete finisher, plumber, electrician

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate job site safety concepts required for site preparation and foundation construction.

Examples: personal protection equipment, hand tool safety, power tool safety, electrical safety

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the mechanical drawing process used in designing structures.

•  Identifying various mechanical drawing components
Examples: symbols, dimension lines, extension lines, hidden lines, object lines, center lines, lettering

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain local building codes affecting the construction of buildings.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
5 ) Calculate equipment and work space requirements for structures.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify factors in selecting building materials used in structures.

Examples: cost, availability, suitability

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
7 ) Formulate a bill of materials for a specific structure.

Examples: concrete, lumber, fasteners, roofing materials, hardware, electrical supplies, plumbing supplies

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify positive characteristics of a building site.

Examples: proper drainage, location, orientation

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain the importance of conducting property surveys for structures, including the location of property and setback lines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate building layout procedures for a specific structure.

Examples: staking, squaring, constructing batter boards, leveling

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain how to lay out and construct pier, edge, and footing forms.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe the use of concrete reinforcements in structures.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate the use of concrete and masonry tools in construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate the process of mixing concrete.

•  Estimating the amount of concrete needed for a project
•  Applying various finishing techniques used with concrete
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Site Preparation and Foundation
All Resources: 0
15 ) Demonstrate the process of laying block.

•  Estimating the number of concrete blocks needed for a project
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
1 ) Compare various career opportunities associated with frame construction.

Examples: engineer, construction foreman, carpenter

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate job site safety in frame construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
3 ) Compare applications of hardwood and softwood lumber used in framing structures.

•  Identifying grades of lumber
Examples: appearance grade, timber grade, dimension grade

•  Identifying defects that affect lumber grade
Examples: knot, wane, split, check, warp

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
4 ) Calculate a bill of materials for the framing of a wood structure.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
5 ) Compare advantages of concrete flooring systems and wood flooring systems.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
6 ) Design a floor framing system for a structure.

•  Describing the purpose of a sill used in structures
•  Demonstrating the layout of joist headers and floor joists used in structures
•  Contrasting various subfloor materials used in structures
Examples: tongue and groove plywood, plywood, oriented strand board, shiplap boards

•  Demonstrating the installation of a subfloor for a structures
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
7 ) Design a wall framing system for a structure.

•  Comparing the use of wood and metal wall framing components
•  Describing the use of a sole plate in structures
•  Demonstrating the construction of corner posts with and without blocking
•  Demonstrating the use and installation of full, cripple, and trimmer studs
•  Demonstrating the installation of a double top plate in structures
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for doors and windows, including headers
•  Demonstrating techniques for bracing a wall
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
8 ) Compare various wall sheathing materials for structures.

Examples: foam board, oriented strand board, insulating board, plywood

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain the importance of vapor barriers used in wall framing.

•  Comparing the advantages of using plastic and building felt as vapor barriers in walls
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
10 ) Design a ceiling framing system for a structure.

•  Demonstrating the installation of ceiling joists
•  Explaining the use of headers in two-story structures
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for stairs, attic access, and chimneys
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify types of stairs used in structures.

•  Comparing materials used in stair construction
•  Calculating the total rise, number and size of risers, and treads for a stairway
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the procedure for laying out and cutting stringers for stair construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate the procedure for installing handrails to stairs.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
14 ) Identify types of roofs used on structures.

Examples: hip, gable, gambrel, shed

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
15 ) Compare conventional and truss roof systems for structures.

•  Laying out common, hip, and valley rafters
•  Laying out a truss using a framing square
•  Demonstrating the installation of rough openings for vents, skylights, and chimneys
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
16 ) Compare various decking materials for roof systems.

Examples: tongue and groove plywood, plywood, oriented strand board

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe types of materials used for roof systems.

Examples: felt, shingles, metal roofing, roll roofing

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Framing
All Resources: 0
18 ) Demonstrate the installation of roofing materials.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities associated with construction finishing.

Examples: construction foreman, painter, carpenter, plumber, electrician

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate job site safety in the finishing phase of construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the installation of a window in a structure.

•  Identifying various types of windows
Examples: casement, storm, fixed, sliding, double-hung

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the installation of a door in a structure.

•  Identifying various types of materials used for door construction
Examples: wood, metal, fiberglass

•  Identifying types of doors
Examples: interior, exterior, bi-fold, swinging, sliding

•  Identifying types of thresholds used with exterior doors
•  Installing door hardware
Examples: hinges, locksets, dead bolt locks

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
5 ) Design water supply and sewage drainage systems for a structure.

•  Identifying tools used in plumbing
Examples: pipe cutter, pipe wrench, torch, tubing cutter

•  Explaining the selection of specific types of pipe used in plumbing
Examples: steel, copper, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), acrylonitril butadiene styrene (ABS)

•  Explaining the selection of proper fittings for joining various kinds of pipe
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
6 ) Analyze components needed for wiring a structure.

Examples: power source, wire, connector, circuit breaker, switch, receptacle

•  Identifying tools used for electrical wiring
Examples: wire strippers, wire cutters, lineman's pliers, screwdrivers, test meter

•  Describing how national and local electrical codes affect the wiring of structures
•  Illustrating the use of electrical terms and symbols in electrical diagrams
Examples: alternating current (AC), direct current (DC), voltage, amperage, switch, receptacle, light

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate techniques for making electrical splices and connections for a single pole switch with light, three-way switch with light, and a duplex receptacle.

•  Utilizing ground fault circuit interrupters where required by code
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify criteria for selecting insulating materials for structures.

Examples: resistance-value (R-value), cost, durability

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe procedures for installing various insulating materials for structures.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the installation of exterior and interior wall coverings for structures.

•  Differentiating among types of exterior wall coverings for structures
Examples: wood, vinyl, masonry, metal

•  Differentiating among types of interior wall coverings for structures
Examples: wood, dry wall, paneling

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify materials, hardware, and fasteners used in cabinet construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the construction of storage units in structures.

•  Designing base and wall hung storage units
•  Determining countertop materials for storage units
•  Installing plumbing fixtures
•  Installing shelving
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify various finishes for exterior surfaces.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Construction Finishing and Interior Systems
All Resources: 0
14 ) Apply finishes to interior surfaces.

Examples: paints, lacquers, varnishes, stains, preservatives

•  Preparing interior surfaces for finishing
•  Identifying types of application methods for finishes
Examples: pneumatic application, natural bristle brushes, synthetic bristle brushes

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify careers available in metal fabrication.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe the history of metal fabrication and its impact on the industry.

Examples: history—blacksmithing, oxyfuel development, arc welding, metal inert gas MIG) welding, tungsten inert gas (TIG) welding

-  impact—automated systems making jobs obsolete, reduction in number of orkers in job market

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate safety procedures used in the metal fabrication industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain the uses of metal fabrication tools and equipment.

Examples: tools—hacksaw, cold chisel, file, drill, chipping hammer, metal vise grips, , grinder, striker, tip cleaner, wire brush, tongs

-  equipment—welding helmet, fuel valves, oxyfuel torches

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
5 ) Differentiate among types of metal used in metal fabrication.

Examples: iron, aluminum, steel, tin, titanium, copper, magnesium, chromium, zinc

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate techniques for preparing metal for fabrication.

Examples: stripping, cleaning, grinding, buffing

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
7 ) Prepare an oxyfuel unit for operation.

•  Explaining color-coding of oxyfuel tanks and hoses
Examples: green for oxygen, orange or black for acetylene

•  Comparing shaded lenses used in oxyfuel welding and cutting
•  Checking for cracks and leaks in oxyfuel hoses and regulators
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
8 ) Use an oxyfuel torch, including adjusting the flame to neutral and cutting and fusing metal.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate procedures for using plasma arc cutting equipment.

•  Describing the plasma arc cutting process
•  Identifying components of plasma arc cutting equipment
•  Cutting metal with a plasma arc cutter
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
10 ) Analyze weld imperfections to determine corrective measures.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
11 ) Compare destructive and non-destructive weld testing methods.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
12 ) Explain the SMAW process.

•  Comparing various types of welding electrodes used in SMAW
Examples: E6010, E6013, E7014

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate procedures for adjusting and operating the SMAW machine.

•  Identifying various types of weld joints
Examples: butt, lap, corner, T

•  Contrasting methods of striking an arc
Examples: scratching, tapping, weaving

•  Identifying types of welds
Examples: stringer, overlap, fillet

•  Demonstrating techniques for flat, vertical, horizontal, and overhead welding
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
14 ) Cut threads in metal using a tap.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
15 ) Cut metal threads using a die.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
16 ) Explain the process of laying out and cutting sheet metal.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Fabrication
All Resources: 0
17 ) Demonstrate the use of rivets in sheet metal assembly.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities in MIG and FCAW.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate safety concepts required in MIG and FCAW.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
3 ) Interpret welding symbols on blueprints.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain the procedure for planning and estimating materials needed to complete a metal fabrication project.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
5 ) Explain the importance of metal preparation for welding.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
6 ) Determine uses of tools and equipment in MIG and FCAW.

Examples: tools—hacksaw, cold chisel, file, drill, chipping hammer, metal vise grips, g grinder, striker, tip cleaner, wire brush, tongs

-  equipment—welding helmet, fuel valves, MIG welder, FCAW welder

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
7 ) Distinguish among types of metal used in MIG and FCAW.

Examples: iron, aluminum, steel, tin, titanium, copper, magnesium, chromium, zinc

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
8 ) Critique MIG and FCAW welds for imperfections.

•  Determining corrective measures to improve welds
•  Explaining weld testing methods
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain various parts of MIG and FCAW welding machines.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
10 ) Compare shades of lenses needed in MIG and FCAW welding.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain how tensile strength, polarity, and rate of travel affect weld quality.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Metal Inert Gas and Flux Cored Arc Welding
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the use of MIG and FCAW welders.

•  Identifying various types of weld joints
Examples: butt, lap, corner, T

•  Adjusting MIG and FCAW machine settings for welding
•  Utilizing flat, vertical, horizontal, and overhead welding positions
•  Identifying stringer, weave, overlap, and fillet welds
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
1 ) Recognize career opportunities related to the residential and commercial power equipment industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate safety procedures for working with power equipment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
3 ) Diagnose frame and sheet metal problems in power equipment.

•  Repairing frame and sheet metal problems in power equipment
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
4 ) Diagnose cutting deck problems in power equipment.

•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting cutting deck problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
5 ) Diagnose chain saw problems.

•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting chain saw engine problems
•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting bar and chain problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
6 ) Diagnose string trimmer problems.

•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting string trimmer engine problems
•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting tube and cutting head problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
7 ) Diagnose tiller problems.

•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting tiller engine problems
•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting tiller drivetrain problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
8 ) Diagnose output problems in generators.

•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting generator engine problems
•  Demonstrating the procedure for correcting generator electrical output problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
9 ) Calculate the output pressure of various pumps.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the procedure for rebuilding various pumps.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe EPA pollution control units for power equipment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
12 ) Discuss the use of Ohm's law.

•  Applying Ohm's law to series and parallel circuits
•  Diagnosing electrical problems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate procedures for repairing power equipment electrical systems.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate safety techniques for using oxyfuel equipment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
15 ) Perform a variety of oxyfuel tasks, including heating metal, cutting, welding or brazing.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential and Commercial Power Equipment
All Resources: 0
16 ) Prepare a welding machine for operation.

Examples: flux cored, shielded metal arc

•  Selecting materials for various welding techniques
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
1 ) Explain the importance of the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), industry regulations, and individual responsibilities in workplace safety and health practices.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe job-related high-hazard area risk assessment techniques and the impact of accidents on industry.

•  Utilizing job safety analysis worksheets
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
3 ) Compare federal and state child labor laws regarding hours and locations where youth may work, including required permits.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain worker rights according to the OSHA Safety and Health Regulations standards.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe characteristics of flammable and combustible liquids, including flash point, flammable limits, boiling point, vapor density, vapor pressure, ignition temperature, and specific gravity.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate storage and handling procedures for flammable and combustible liquids.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
7 ) Compare classes of fire and fire extinguishers.

•  Discussing the proper use of fire extinguishers
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
8 ) Develop an emergency plan, including fire protection, means of egress, exit route and exits, and special concerns for confined spaces.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain assured equipment grounding programs.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
10 ) Interpret general environmental controls, safety color codes for marking physical hazards, and specifications for accident prevention signs and tags.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
11 ) Explain machine guarding general requirements for industrial and construction machines and operations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
12 ) Explain tool safety guidelines, including hand, power, power-actuated, and pneumatic tools.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain industrial and construction health and first aid procedures, including personal protection from body fluids; skin, rash, or dermatitis incidents; and oil, gas, and chemical spills.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
14 ) Explain the importance of hazard communication, including signs, signals, barricades, markers, lockouts, and tags used on a job site.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
15 ) Explain the use of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
16 ) Explain the use of personal protective equipment, including eye, face, foot, and respirator protection.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
17 ) Explain site-specific protection procedures and safety requirements with regard to the importance of housekeeping procedures, the use of ladders and scaffolding, rigging procedures, and hazards of floor and wall openings.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Safety and Health Regulations
All Resources: 0
18 ) Explain the importance of safety practices for manual lifting, load lifting, and rigging procedures.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
1 ) Demonstrate safety procedures as recognized by governing agencies and approved industry standards when testing and replacing components or installing wiring in residential applications.

Examples: lockout, tagout

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify electrical hazards and how to avoid and minimize them in the residential construction environment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the purpose of grounding systems in residential wiring applications.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
4 ) Distinguish between ground faults and short circuits in residential wiring applications.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe the difference between system grounding and equipment grounding related to residential wiring.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate the installation of various grounding devices related to residential wiring.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
7 ) Demonstrate the process of conduit bending according to specifications using hand and power equipment.

•  Computing angles for conduit bends and offsets
•  Demonstrating procedures for correcting and modifying existing conduit and electrical metallic tubing (EMT) bends
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
8 ) Calculate type and size of electrical boxes based on application, number, and size of conductors using the NEC codebook.

•  Demonstrating the ability to locate and install electrical boxes according to the NEC codebook
•  Explaining the NEC requirements for supporting lighting fixtures
•  Demonstrating the ability to install lighting fixtures according to specifications
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
9 ) Select the correct size and type of conductors for residential wiring applications and NEC code.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate different methods for installing common conductors used in residential wiring.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
11 ) Produce quality conductor terminations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
12 ) Demonstrate the procedure for installing lugs and connectors onto conductors.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain the importance of using correct bolt torque when working with busbars.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate correct conductor splicing and crimping.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
15 ) Install main disconnects, switches, panel boards, and over-current protection.

•  Describing various types of residential electrical service installations
•  Calculating circuit loads for installation of electrical services
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
16 ) Identify devices used for over-current protection.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe the operation of circuit breakers and fuses.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Residential Wiring
All Resources: 0
18 ) Use a specific plan to complete a wiring project for residential applications.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Relate the importance of drafting design technology in today's technological work force.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Demonstrate the safe handling of drafting design tools according to classroom and environmental practices, procedures, and regulations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate mathematic skills related to drafting design, including basic fractions, scale reading, and conversion of customary to metric and metric to customary measurements.

•  Solving higher-order mathematics applications
Example: calculating thread depth and pitch

•  Calculating architectural computations
Examples: area, rise and run

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate use of drawing media and drafting instruments.

Examples: architectural scales, graphite, lead holders

•  Utilizing computer software for drafting applications
•  Reproducing drafting originals
Examples: print, plot, blueprint or photocopy

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate drafting techniques for freehand sketching, lettering, geometric figures, and the alphabet of lines to create a drawing.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
6 ) Construct basic multi-view two-dimensional drawings, including visualizing principle views, creating third-angle projection, selecting proper drawing scale, and organizing layout of primary views.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
7 ) Apply dimensions and notes to multi-view drawings, utilizing American National Standards Institute (ANSI) dimensioning standards and decimal, metric, or dual dimensioning.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Drafting Design
All Resources: 0
8 ) Utilize CAD software to generate a multi-view drawing using appropriate file management techniques, basic drawing commands, and basic dimensioning techniques.

Examples: file management techniques—create, set up, and save files

-  basic drawing commands—line, ellipse, circle, scale

-  basic dimensioning techniques—linear, angular

•  Utilizing CAD software and computer to print a multi-view drawing
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
1 ) Apply safety rules, regulations, and procedures for masonry construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify rules and regulations related to masonry construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
3 ) Describe skills needed to work as a mason.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify tools and equipment used in performing masonry work.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
5 ) Interpret construction drawings and specifications for masonry construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify components and types of mortar used in masonry construction.

•  Demonstrating various mortar mixing procedures using specified equipment
Examples: mixing mortar by hand, mixing mortar with a mechanical mixer

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe types of masonry bonds.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe various techniques used in masonry wall construction.

Examples: masonry bonds, setup, joints, construction

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate basic block and brick construction techniques.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
10 ) Use basic bricklaying procedures, including mixing of mortar, laying a mortar bed for block and brick, and laying bricks with head joint.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify composition, reinforcement, and forms used for concrete construction.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify various kinds of footings, including continuous, spread, stepped, and pier.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
13 ) Demonstrate site layout and measurements for a slab-on-grade with existing foundation and a slab-on-grade with integral foundation.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate the finishing of concrete according to specifications for a masonry project.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Masonry
All Resources: 0
15 ) Determine materials and supplies needed for a masonry project.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
1 ) List employment opportunities in forestry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify potential hazards in Alabama forests, including topographical hazards, stinging insects, venomous spiders and snakes, and poisonous plants.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
3 ) Describe historical events that have influenced forestry in Alabama and the United States.

•  Comparing roles of Alabama forestry agencies
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe major parts of a tree and their functions.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify common forest trees of Alabama.

•  Comparing hardwood and softwood trees
•  Comparing gymnosperms and angiosperms
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
6 ) Demonstrate the use of tree measurement tools.

Examples: Biltmore stick, hypsometer, clinometer, tree calipers, tree diameter tape

•  Describing techniques for measuring diameter at breast height (DBH)
•  Describing techniques for measuring total tree height
•  Describing techniques for measuring pulpwood at marketable height
•  Describing techniques for measuring sawlogs
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
7 ) Determine the volume of standing timber.

Examples: using Doyle Log Rule, Scribner Log Rule, and International Log Rule

•  Calculating forest product value using cords, board feet, and cubic feet
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe various methods for cruising timber.

Examples: line plot, strip, total

•  Grading a tree for defects, size, and type to determine possible products
•  Determining techniques for timber stand improvement (TSI)
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
9 ) Interpret map characteristics and features.

•  Locating various positions on a map
•  Using a scale to determine distance on maps
•  Identifying markings on a map
Examples: colors, symbols, contour lines

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
10 ) Demonstrate the use of mapping tools, including direction, elevation, and distance reading tools.

•  Locating land corners and boundaries
•  Determining acreage using a legal land description, topographic map, and a hand compass
•  Describing how topographical maps combined with aerial photographs are used to identify the location of specific property
•  Describing uses of a global positional system (GPS) in forestry
•  Describing a legal land description, including townships, ranges, and sections
•  Comparing systems of land surveying
Examples: rectangular, metes and bounds

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
11 ) Compare methods of harvesting timber, including seed tree cutting, clear cutting, selection cutting, and shelter wood cutting.

•  Identifying common harvesting techniques in forestry
Examples: felling, bucking, skidding, loading

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
12 ) Compare artificial and natural reforestation methods.

•  Identifying sources of tree seedlings
•  Selecting methods for the handling and care of seedlings
•  Evaluating tree planting methods
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain the importance of prescribed burning.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
14 ) Describe chemical and physical properties of wood.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
15 ) Identify lumber, timber, and paper products produced from wood.

•  Describing the process by which various forest products are made
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
16 ) Analyze characteristics of lumber to determine grade.

Examples: decay splits, milling defects, knots, stains

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe wood treatment processes.

Examples: preservative oils, water-borne salts, pressure treatment techniques

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry
All Resources: 0
18 ) Identify causes of forest fires.

•  Identifying fire fighting tools and methods
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities in urban forest management.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify arborist safety standards, including International Society of Arboriculture (ISA) regulations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
3 ) Describe climbing equipment used by arborists, including saddles, lanyards, snaps, and ascenders.

•  Demonstrating various types of knots and hitches used by arborists
•  Comparing types of ropes used by arborists
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
4 ) Compare rigging techniques used by arborists.

Examples: rope positioning, false crotch, speed lining

•  Explaining tensile strength, working loads, and shock loads of ropes used by arborists
•  Identifying rigging equipment used by arborists
Examples: carabiners, slings, block and tackle, figure-eight descenders, lowering devices

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify tree-climbing techniques.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
6 ) Compare management strategies for urban forests.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
7 ) Compare tree removal methods.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain reasons for cabling and bracing a tree.

•  Describing the equipment needed for cabling and bracing a tree
•  Demonstrating tree cabling and bracing techniques
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain reasons for tree pruning.

•  Demonstrating tree pruning cuts
•  Identifying the appropriate time for pruning trees
•  Identifying types of tree pruning tools
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
10 ) Design a landscape plan for a wooded environment.

•  Describing skills needed in wooded landscaping
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe major tree disorders.

•  Examining tree growth and structure
•  Identifying tree defense systems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Urban Forestry
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify insects, diseases, parasites, and weeds that afflict trees.

•  Describing pest management in urban forestry, including mechanical treatment, biological treatment, chemical treatment, and genetically engineered resistance
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
1 ) Examine careers in sales and service of forestry equipment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
2 ) Recognize the need for safety clothing and gear used in the forestry industry.

•  Identifying safe practices in the forestry mechanics industry
•  Describing the safe operation and maintenance of forestry equipment
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
3 ) Compare uses of tree harvesting equipment.

Examples: skidder, loader, cutting machine, delimber

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify road and fire lane maintenance equipment.

Examples: bulldozer, road grader

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate the use of forestry hand tools, including pruning saws, bow saws, loppers, and brush cutters.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify sharpening techniques for chain saws, axes, pruners, and pole saws.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify types of urban forestry equipment, including tree climbing equipment and tree moving equipment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain common techniques of chain saw maintenance.

•  Identifying major components of a chain saw
•  Differentiating types of chains used on a chain saw
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify systems that require inspection before engine operation.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe preparation of forestry equipment for storage.

Examples: draining fluids, lubricating

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Forestry Equipment
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe uses of hydraulic systems in the forestry industry.

•  Identifying basic components of a simple hydraulic system
•  Comparing advantages and disadvantages of using a hydraulic system
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities in fish and wildlife management.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
2 ) Determine principles of hunting, boating, and recreational vehicle safety.

•  Identifying survival and first aid techniques related to outdoor recreation
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the history of fish and wildlife management.

•  Describing the impact of sport hunting in Alabama
Examples: economy, wildlife population

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe laws that protect fish and wildlife.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
5 ) Compare habitat needs of selected fish and wildlife species native to Alabama.

Examples: water, shelter, food

•  Designing a wildlife management plan
•  Explaining methods used to improve fish and wildlife habitats
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
6 ) Analyze human activities for positive and negative effects on fish and wildlife.

Examples: positive—planting sea grass, conserving habitats

-  negative—polluting, filling wetlands

•  Explaining environmental effects of introducing nonnative species into an area
•  Describing economic damage to crops caused by wildlife
•  Evaluating issues concerning endangered and threatened species of fish and wildlife
Example: recovery strategies

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
7 ) Distinguish game from nongame wildlife species.

•  Comparing classes of wildlife, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify common fish and wildlife species indigenous to Alabama.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
9 ) Compare aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

Examples: wetlands, woodlands, grasslands

•  Identifying methods used to correct an unbalanced ecosystem
•  Describing interdependence between biotic and abiotic components of a wildlife ecosystem
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
10 ) Identify pests and diseases affecting fish and wildlife species.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify outdoor recreational opportunities in Alabama.

•  Identifying methods of developing and managing outdoor recreational enterprises
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Fish and Wildlife Management
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe differences among state parks in Alabama.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
1 ) Recognize career opportunities related to environmental stewardship.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify safety considerations required for working in environmental management.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the importance of conserving natural resources and the environment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe methods of managing various types of waste.

Examples: recycling, reusing, reducing

•  Describing factors to be considered in preparing a waste management plan
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe properties of water that make it a universal solvent.

•  Describing uses of water in agricultural operations
Examples: consumption, irrigation, cleaning, heating and cooling, transporting agricultural products

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify sources of local drinking water.

•  Determining the quality of freshwater using chemical testing and bioassessment
•  Describing the use of chemicals and microorganisms in water treatment
•  Describing water conservation methods
•  Describing the process of underground water accumulation, including the formation of aquifers
•  Identifying major residential, industrial, and agricultural water consumers
•  Identifying principal uses of water
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify reasons coastal waters serve as an important resource.

Examples: economic stability, biodiversity, recreation

•  Classifying biota of estuaries, marshes, tidal pools, wetlands, beaches, and inlets
•  Comparing components of marine water to components of inland bodies of water
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe factors to be considered in preparing a water conservation or management plan for groundwater and surface water resources.

Examples: water availability, water quality, water source

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify major contaminants in water resulting from natural phenomena, housing, industrial waste, and agriculturural pollutants.

•  Describing the eutrophication of water by industrial effluents and agricultural run offs
•  Classifying sources of water pollution as point and nonpoint
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe the composition of soil profiles and soil samples of varying climates.

•  Identifying various processes and activities that promote soil formation
Examples: weathering, decomposition, deposition

•  Relating particle size to soil structure and type of sand, silt, or clay
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe land use practices that promote sustainability and economic growth.

Examples: no-till planting, crop rotation

•  Defining various types and sources of waste and their impact on the soil7
Examples: types—biodegradable and non-biodegradable, organic, radioactive, non-radioactive;

-  sources—pesticides, herbicides

•  Identifying ways to manage waste, including composting, recycling, reusing, and reclaiming
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe agents of erosion, including moving water, gravity, glaciers, and wind.

•  Describing methods of preventing soil erosion
Examples: planting vegetation, constructing terraces, providing barriers

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify the impact of pollutants on the atmosphere.

•  Identifying layers of the atmosphere and the composition of air
•  Describing the formation of primary, secondary, and indoor air pollutants
•  Relating pollutants to smog and thermal inversions
•  Investigating the impact of air quality on the environment
•  Interpreting social, political, and economical influences on air quality
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
14 ) Compare the effects of various pesticides on the environment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
15 ) Describe short- and long-term climatic conditions and their importance in agricultural production.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
16 ) Identify the influence of human populations, technology, and cultural and industrial changes on the environment.

•  Describing the relationship between carrying capacity and population size
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
17 ) Identify positive and negative effects of human activities on biodiversity.

•  Identifying endangered and extinct species locally, regionally, and worldwide
•  Identifying causes for species extinction locally, regionally, and worldwide
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
18 ) Analyze agricultural activity for its impact on the ecosystems of Alabama.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
19 ) Evaluate various fossil fuels for their effectiveness as energy resources.

•  Describing the formation and use of nonrenewable fossil fuels
•  Identifying by-products of the combustion of fossil fuels, including particulates, mercury, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon dioxide
•  Identifying chemical equations associated with the combustion of fossil fuels
•  Describing benefits of abundant, affordable energy to mankind
•  Identifying effects of fossil fuel by-products on the environment, including ozone depletion, formation of acid rain, brown haze, greenhouse gases, and concentration of particulates in heavy metals
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Environmental Management
All Resources: 0
20 ) Evaluate other sources of energy for their effectiveness as alternatives to fossil fuels.

•  Comparing nuclear fission and nuclear fusion reactions in the production of energy
•  Comparing energy production and waste output in generating nuclear energy
•  Differentiating among renewable and nonrenewable energy resources
•  Identifying local energy resources
Examples: landfill gas, wind, water, sun

•  Identifying ways the law of conservation of energy relates to fuel consumption
Examples: development of hybrid cars, construction of energy-efficient homes

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities associated with animal biotechnology.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
2 ) List safety considerations and procedures required for working in animal biotechnology.

Examples: laboratory, biological, chemical, radiation, physical

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
3 ) Trace the historical development of animal biotechnology.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe the importance of animal biotechnology to humans, including medical, environmental, and product advancements.

Examples: medical advancements—synthesis of medicines

-  environmental advancements—animal disease resistance, pest control

-  product advancements—increased yield, disease-resistant animals

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe advances in biotechnology that enhance the ability of animal immune systems to fight diseases.

•  Identifying differences in disease resistance and susceptibility in commercial animal groups
Examples: animal groups—cattle, swine, poultry, sheep, equine

-  diseases—brucellosis, anthrax, bovine encephalitis, coccidiosis, avian pneumonia, streptococcus, equine encephalitis

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
6 ) Describe ways scientific research, consumer preferences, and advances in biotechnology influence animal development and production.

Examples: milk content, egg size, loin eye size

•  Performing a DNA transformation into bacteria using genetic engineering methods
•  Purifying protein from a transformation experiment
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
7 ) Compare cultural and bioethical views of genetic manipulation, including genetic engineering and cloning.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe heterogeneity as an important strategy in maintaining health and productivity in animal populations.

•  Describing methods of maintaining heterogeneity in various animal populations
Examples: introduction of nonnative animals, managed breeding

•  Identifying desired characteristics in an animal as homozygous or heterozygous
Examples: coat color, presence of horns, slick hair

•  Explaining the importance of heterosis for increased productivity in commercial herds
•  Recognizing heritable characteristics of animals
Examples: physical structure, chemical composition, behavior

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
9 ) Identify desirable characteristics for an animal population.

Examples: incorporation of heat tolerance into a cattle herd, improvement of weaning weight and milk production

•  Explaining the importance of selective breeding for an animal population
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe inheritance patterns based on chromosomes, genes, alleles, and gene interaction.

•  Comparing dominate and recessive traits
•  Comparing incomplete dominance and codominance
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities in aquaculture.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify safety precautions associated with producing fish.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
3 ) Trace the history of aquaculture.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
4 ) Explain extensive, semi-intensive, and intensive aquaculture production.

Examples: extensive—low animal density, low economic risk, little or no environmental manipulation, including aeration, feeding, and fertilization

-  semi-intensive—moderate animal density, moderate economic risk, moderate environmental manipulation, including supplemental aeration and supplemental feeding

-  intensive—high animal density, high economic risk, complete environmental manipulation, including continuous aeration, nutritionally complete feeding, and biological waste management

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe the role of scientific research relative to the aquaculture industry.

•  Identifying vaccines, antibiotics, and breeding techniques used in the aquaculture industry
•  Identifying sources of nutrients and feed components used in the aquaculture industry
•  Identifying aquaculture production methods and management strategies for recirculating systems, cages, raceways, ponds, partitioned aquaculture systems, and super-intensive aquaculture systems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain the economic impact of aquaculture at the local, state, and national levels.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
7 ) Differentiate among water quality parameters relative to the culture of aquatic organisms, including ammonia and nitrate toxicity and pH, oxygen, and temperature tolerances.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain entrepreneurship opportunities available in the aquaculture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain results of an aquaculture market survey.

•  Comparing various aquaculture market outlets
Examples: local, regional, national, international

•  Identifying market promotions for the aquaculture industry
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
10 ) Construct a budget for an aquaculture operation.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aqua Experience
All Resources: 0
11 ) Compare aquasystem designs for various aquatic species.

•  Designing a maintenance plan for an aquasystem
•  Identifying site specifications, components, and operations for aquasystems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe various career opportunities in the aquaculture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe safety precautions for the aquaculture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
3 ) Explain the historical background of aquaculture.

•  Explaining how aquaculture relates to agriculture
•  Describing science and technology related to aquaculture
•  Identifying the economic significance of aquaculture at the local, state, and national levels
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
4 ) Differentiate among freshwater, brackish water, and saltwater ecosystems.

•  Identifying chemical, geological, and physical features of aquatic ecosystems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
5 ) Relate geological and hydrological phenomena and fluid dynamics to aquatic systems.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain the importance of biogeochemical cycles in an aquatic environment.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
7 ) Categorize aquaculture species as cold, cool, or warm water species.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
8 ) Determine important properties and content of water as related to aquaculture.

Examples: turbidity, pH, pollutants, dissolved oxygen, high specific heat, density, temperature

•  Describing the influence of water quality on aquaculture
Examples: aquatic plant control, water quality management, recognition and correction of oxygen deficiency, pH control

•  Identifying sources of aquatic pollution
Examples: point and nonpoint pollution, volcanic ash, waste disposal

•  Describing methods of reclaiming wastewater and polluted water
Examples: settling ponds; hydroponics; irrigation water; chemical additives; mechanical, biological, and chemical filtering systems

•  Calculating pH, oxygen, and nitrogen levels in aquatic environments
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe various structures and equipment used in growing aquacrops.

Examples: open ponds, cages, raceways, tanks, silos

•  Determining the suitability of habitat construction for aquaculture
•  Identifying biological concerns in a recirculating or closed system
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe infrastructure necessary for aquaculture production.

Examples: labor, feed manufacturing, transportation

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify the genotype and phenotype for specific characteristics in aquatic animals resulting from selective breeding.

Examples: disease-resistant fish, rapid maturation rates

•  Explaining the importance of anatomy and physiology in aquaculture
Examples: body systems, internal and external anatomy of fish, basic structure of an oyster

•  Calculating genotypic and phenotypic percentages and ratios for aquatic species
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe adaptations that allow organisms to exist in specific aquatic environments.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
13 ) Describe processes and environmental characteristics that affect growth rates of aquatic animals.

Examples: reproductive habits, feeding habits, interdependence of organisms, overcrowding, seasonal changes

•  Collecting aquatic growth-rate data
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
14 ) Determine effects of the fishing industry on the aquatic environment.

Examples: aquaculture, overfishing

•  Describing basic principles involved in fish production
•  Explaining various methods of pond preparation, predator control, and species management
•  Explaining harvesting techniques and methods of transporting fish to market
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
15 ) Define concepts associated with health management of aquacrops.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquaculture Science
All Resources: 0
16 ) Describe the control of diseases and pests in aquatic environments.

Examples: pathogenic microspecies, parasites, predators, trash fish

•  Identifying the relationships among pathogen, environment, and host
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe various aquatic career opportunities.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
2 ) Explain safety concepts related to aquatic biology.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
3 ) Describe the historical background and technological advancements of aquaculture as it relates to agriculture.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
4 ) Classify aquatic species using scientific nomenclature.

•  Describing characteristics of various species of aquatic life
•  Identifying exotic, invasive, and indigenous aquatic species
•  Identifying microscopic and aquatic organisms using dichotomous keys
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe types of aquatic animal production in the United States.

•  Comparing the aquaculture pond to natural aquatic ecosystems, including recreational fish ponds
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
6 ) Classify characteristics of ectothermic animals.

•  Describing roles of various aquatic organisms in aquaculture
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe concepts of diffusion and osmosis related to aquatic organisms.

Examples: gill function, counter and current gas exchange

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
8 ) Interpret water quality data related to natural and artificial aquatic environments.

Examples: temperature, dissolved oxygen, ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, pH

•  Managing water quality parameters
Examples: analysis, treatment

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
9 ) Diagnose major diseases and their causes in aquaculture environments.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe preventive measures for aquatic predators and pests.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify contributions of biotechnology to aquaculture.

Examples: gene probes for diagnosing viral infections in shrimp, polymerase chain reactions (PCR) for detecting bacterial pathogens in seafood shipments

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
12 ) Trace biogeochemical cycles through the environment, including water, carbon, oxygen, phosphorus, and nitrogen.

•  Relating natural disasters and climate changes to the dynamic equilibrium of ecosystems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify agencies responsible for the development of effluent limitations, guidelines, and standards for aquatic production.

•  Identifying effluent treatment methods
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
14 ) Identify potential land and water use conflicts in the aquaculture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Aquatic Biology
All Resources: 0
15 ) Recognize problems with sustainability in aquaculture production.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities in the equine industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify safety techniques to be considered when handling horses.

Examples: approaching a horse from the front and side, avoiding sudden movement, speaking quietly

•  Describing horse behavior that can cause injuries to the horse and to the handler
Examples: submission to some members of the herd, dominance over some members of the herd, fight or flight behaviors

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
3 ) Differentiate characteristics of light horses, draft horses, and ponies, including structure, muscling, color, and shape of head and neck.

•  Listing various breeds of light horses, draft horses, and ponies
Examples: breeds of light horses—Quarter Horse, Appaloosa, Thoroughbred, Arabian, Morgan, American Saddlebred, Tennessee Walking Horse, Paint

-  breeds of ponies—Welsh, Shetland, Pony of the Americas, American Walking Pony

•  Describing historical roles of horses in transportation and recreation
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe the external anatomy of a horse.

Examples: withers, crest, poll, forehead, muzzle, point of shoulder, pastern, coronet, fetlock

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe structures and functions of the equine digestive system.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
6 ) Explain functions of the equine circulatory system.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify parts and functions of equine male and female reproductive systems.

•  Describing factors in an equine breeding program
Examples: heat cycle, gestation, lactation, artificial insemination, fertility

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
8 ) Analyze equine feed ingredients to determine nutritional value.

Examples: grain, roughage, vitamins, minerals

•  Identifying possible problems associated with feeding equine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain the balance of rations used in feeding equine.

•  Explaining nutritional requirements at various stages of equine development
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe causes of major equine diseases and methods for prevention.

Examples: disease—equine encephalitis

-  method of prevention—improved management practices

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
11 ) Differentiate among internal and external parasites prevalent in equine.

Examples: internal—ascarids, stronglyes, pinworms;

-  external—deerflies, lice, mits, ringworm, ticks, botflies

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe hoof problems in equine.

•  Recognizing symptoms of lameness in equine
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
13 ) Diagnose conditions that require the assistance of a farrier.

Examples: farrier assistance—trimming, shoeing

•  Identifying tools used by a farrier
Examples: apron, hoof gauge, hoof knife, hoof pick, anvil, rasp, hoof nippers, nail clincher

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
14 ) Categorize normal equine ranges for vital signs, critical and noncritical injuries, and treatment of wounds.

Examples: vital signs—heart rate, respiratory rate

-  critical injuries—broken bones

-  noncritical injuries—cuts

-  treatment of wounds—cleaning, applying ointments, applying bandages, stitching

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
15 ) Distinguish factors in selecting horses for a particular use.

Example: draft horses for pulling heavy loads

•  Describing procedures for determining the age of a horse
Example: checking size of teeth

•  Describing factors to consider in judging equine halter and performance classes
•  Evaluating various equine training techniques
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Equine Science
All Resources: 0
16 ) Describe equine barn styles and facilities.

Examples: barn styles—gambrel, gable

-  facilities—round pen, stables

•  Identifying various tack and equipment used in the horse industry
•  Analyzing environmental issues to maintain and care for horses
Examples: waste management, overgrazing

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe various careers associated with poultry science.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
2 ) Explain the history of poultry science.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate the safe handling of chemicals and drugs used in poultry production.

Example: preventing chemicals from leaking into the groundwater supply

•  Identifying safety procedures for transporting poultry
Examples: securing birds in crates, securing crates on trucks

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify procedures for disposal of poultry litter, including spreading wet, dry, and dehydrated litter.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify procedures for disposal of dead birds, including composting and freezing.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify various breeds of poultry, including chickens, ducks, geese, quail, and turkeys.

•  Describing the structure and function of poultry skeletal, digestive, reproductive, excretory, respiratory, circulatory, and nervous systems
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
7 ) Explain accepted feeding practices for various kinds of poultry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe procedures for controlling diseases and parasites in poultry production.

•  Identifying symptoms for common poultry diseases and parasites
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe factors to be considered in the design of energy-saving housing for poultry, including ventilation and lighting.

•  Explaining uses of automation in poultry production
Examples: feeding, watering, air-conditioning, egg collecting, removing waste

•  Analyzing cooling systems used for reducing heat stress in poultry houses
Examples: fan systems, fogging systems, evaporative cooling systems

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
10 ) Analyze health issues associated with poultry processing to avoid the spread of bacterial and viral infections.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify governmental agencies regulating the poultry industry.

Examples: Alabama Department of Agriculture and Industries, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)

•  Describing the importance of consumer education and community relations in poultry production
Examples: odor issues, irradiation of meat, water quality

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe biotechnological advancements in poultry science.

Examples: using eggs to produce medicines, vaccinating eggs

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Poultry Science
All Resources: 0
13 ) Explain the operation of modern poultry businesses.

•  Comparing methods of marketing poultry products
•  Identifying advantages and disadvantages of contracting with large poultry firms
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
1 ) Compare job characteristics of various careers in veterinary science.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify safety precautions for veterinary science personnel.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
3 ) Describe responsibilities of animal control and humane societies.

•  Describing responsible ownership of animals
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe humane treatment of animals.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe effects of captivity on exotic animals.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify laws and regulations involving animals.

Examples: leash laws, noise control, mandatory euthanasia

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe various body systems of animals, including skeletal, muscular, circulatory, respiratory, nervous, urinary, endocrine, and digestive.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
8 ) Identify methods of disease prevention in animals.

Examples: worming, vaccination

•  Analyzing symptoms of animal diseases for diagnostic purposes
•  Selecting drugs to treat animals
Examples: antibiotics, wormers

•  Describing environmental factors affecting animals
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
9 ) Demonstrate procedures for administering vaccinations, including subcutaneous and intramuscular.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
10 ) Identify proper hygiene for animals.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe normal and abnormal animal behaviors.

Examples: normal—signs of contentment, playfulness

-  abnormal—aggression, loss of appetite

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Introduction to Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
12 ) Differentiate among veterinary services for various animals.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe career opportunities available in veterinary science.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify hazards in the veterinary workplace.

•  Explaining safety guidelines for handling veterinary drugs
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify the structure and function of female and male reproductive systems.

•  Evaluating the use of biotechnology in veterinary science
•  Identifying factors affecting an animal breeding program
Examples: heat cycle, gestation, artificial insemination, fertility

•  Evaluating functions of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
•  Explaining how genotype and phenotype differ
•  Describing inherited traits
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
4 ) Compare growth abnormalities in mammals.

Example: dwarfism

•  Identifying treatments for correcting growth disorders
Example: hormone treatments

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
5 ) Explain uses of anesthesiology for surgery and grooming.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
6 ) Differentiate among basic surgery procedures for selected animals.

Examples: cesarean, castration, spaying, nail and claw removal

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe common viral and bacterial diseases in animals.

•  Identifying internal and external parasites
•  Categorizing housing needs for animals
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
8 ) Evaluate nutritional requirements for selected animals.

•  Describing structures and functions of the digestive system
•  Analyzing feed ingredients to determine nutritional value
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
9 ) Evaluate the importance of balanced diets for animals.

•  Distinguishing nutritional requirements at various stages of animal development
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
10 ) Differentiate restraint from control techniques for animals.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify steps for maintaining accurate animal health records in the veterinary workplace.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify techniques for enhancing customer relations in the veterinary workplace.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify accepted practices in financial management in the veterinary workplace.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Veterinary Science
All Resources: 0
14 ) Identify uses of technology in veterinary science.

Examples: genetic engineering, tracking devices, wireless fencing, ultrasound

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify employment opportunities in the livestock industry.

Examples: farm management, livestock production

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe safety procedures for handling livestock.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
3 ) Trace the domestication of livestock.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
4 ) Identify livestock by common names.

•  Explaining the importance of binomial classification
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
5 ) Explain benefits of livestock production to society.

Examples: medicine, food, clothing

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
6 ) Trace the history of major large animal breeds.

Examples: beef, swine, equine, goat, sheep, specialty animal breeds

•  Explaining the economic importance of major large animal breeds
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
7 ) Describe facilities used to manage livestock.

Examples: corral, catch pen, head chute

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
8 ) Compare digestive systems of large animals.

Examples: nonruminant, ruminant

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
9 ) Describe proper nutrition and balanced rations for animals.

•  Differentiating among nutrients affecting the health of livestock
Examples: vitamins, minerals, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, roughages, concentrates, feed additives

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
10 ) Evaluate methods of disease prevention in livestock.

Examples: parasite control, vaccination, sanitation

•  Categorizing symptoms of animal diseases for diagnostic purposes
Example: black leg symptoms

•  Comparing drugs used to treat animal diseases
Examples: antibiotics, wormers

•  Critiquing environmental factors affecting livestock operations
Examples: soil loss, water quality, air quality

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
11 ) Describe the structure and function of male and female reproductive systems in livestock.

•  Describing the process of genetic engineering, including the use of recombinant deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)
•  Assessing the use of biotechnology in animal reproduction
Examples: cloning, genetic engineering, embryo transfer

•  Describing how selective breeding has influenced the improvement of animals
Examples: trimness, muscle expression, structure, size, scale

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
12 ) Differentiate animal rights from animal welfare.

•  Describing responsible ownership of animals
•  Listing ways the use of animals in research has benefited humans and animals
•  Interpreting laws governing the use of animals for research
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify economically important specialty animals and animal products.

Examples: animals—alligators, cashmere goats, quail, ratites, pheasants

-  animal products—specialty meats, cheeses

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Animal Science
All Resources: 0
14 ) Compare requirements for specialty animal production with traditional animal production.

Examples: care and feeding, management, marketing, sales

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify career opportunities associated with plant biotechnology.

Examples: environmental chemist, genetic engineer, plant breeder, plant physiologist

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify safety considerations and procedures required in plant biotechnology.

Examples: biohazards, chemical hazards, laboratory protocol, waste disposal

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify the twelve plant kingdom divisions.

•  Classifying native Alabama plants using dichotomous keys
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe phylogenetic relationships between plants and other organisms.

•  Classifying plants as vascular or nonvascular
•  Classifying seed-bearing and spore-bearing plants
•  Classifying plants as gymnosperms or angiosperms
•  Contrasting monocots and dicots
•  Describing mutualism among algae and fungi in lichens
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
5 ) List plant adaptations required for life on land.

•  Describing the alternation of generations in plants
•  Comparing characteristics of algae and plants
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify major types of plant tissues found in roots, stems, and leaves.

Examples: parenchyma, sclerenchyma, collenchyma

•  Critiquing tissue culturing procedures
Example: callus production

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify types of roots, stems, and leaves.

Examples: roots—tap, fibrous

-  stems—herbaceous, woody

-  leaves—simple, compound

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
8 ) Explain the importance of soil type, texture, and nutrients to plant growth.

•  Describing water and mineral absorption in plants
•  Analyzing the roles of capillarity and turgor pressure
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain plant cell processes, including light-dependent and light-independent reactions of photosynthesis, glycolysis, aerobic and anaerobic respiration, and transport.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe plant responses to various stimuli.

•  Identifying effects of hormones on plant growth
Examples: gibberellin, cytokinin, auxin

•  Differentiating among phototropism, gravitropism, and thigmotropism
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify life cycles of mosses, ferns, gymnosperms, and angiosperms.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
12 ) Describe the structure and function of flower parts.

•  Describing seed germination, development, and dispersal
•  Germinating monocot and dicot seeds
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
13 ) Describe various natural and artificial methods of vegetative propagation.

Examples: natural—stem runners, rhizomes, bulbs, tubers

-  artificial—cutting, grafting, layering

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
14 ) Describe the ecological and economic importance of plants.

Examples: ecological—algae-producing oxygen, bioremediation, soil preservation

-  economic—food, medication, timber, fossil fuels, clothing

•  Analyzing effects of human activity on the plant world
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
15 ) Identify viral, fungal, and bacterial plant diseases and their effects.

Examples: viral—tobacco mosaic, Rembrandt tulips;

-  fungal—mildew, rust

-  bacterial—black rot

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
16 ) Explain the historical development of plant biotechnology.

Examples: making cheese, wine, bread; distilling vinegar; pickling fruits and vegetables

•  Identifying medical advancements in plant biotechnology
Examples: insulin, vaccines, vitamin enrichment of grains, therapeutic proteins

•  Describing environmental advancements in plant biotechnology
Examples: reduced pesticide usage, lower energy requirements, disease-resistant plants, herbicide-resistant plants, bioremediation, phytoremediation

•  Describing food product advancements in plant biotechnology, including genetic alteration and selective breeding
Examples: increased yield, potatoes with higher solid content, higher protein peanuts, tomatoes with longer shelf life, Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
17 ) Describe methods of genetic engineering.

Examples: tissue culturing, plant breeding

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
18 ) Explain the concept of hybridization as it relates to plant biotechnology.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
19 ) Evaluate properties of plants for selecting superior plants for harvest.

Examples: cold tolerance, salt tolerance, ripening rate, higher starch content, Vitamin A content, water and mineral absorption

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Plant Biotechnology
All Resources: 0
20 ) Identify public agencies that conduct research and regulate the usage of plant biotechnology.

Examples: United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Food and Drug Administration (FDA)

•  Describing positive and negative aspects of labeling genetically modified organisms for import and export
•  Evaluating the effects of plant hormones on plants, animals, and human growth and development
Examples: indigenous hormones, intentionally introduced hormones, unintentionally introduced hormones

•  Describing how public opinion on marketing, sales, labeling, and government regulations affect plant products grown in the United States
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe careers in the greenhouse production and management industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe safety precautions related to the greenhouse production and management industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
3 ) Demonstrate propagation methods for greenhouse plants.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
4 ) Practice seed germination techniques in greenhouse operations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
5 ) Adjust greenhouse growing media properties by adding amendments.

•  Adjusting the pH of greenhouse growing media
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
6 ) Prepare growing media mixtures for greenhouse plants.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify greenhouse plants by common name.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
8 ) Differentiate among environmental factors affecting greenhouse plant growth.

•  Controlling environmental conditions for plant growth in the greenhouse
Examples: temperature control, ventilation, watering

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
9 ) Produce seasonal greenhouse crops.

Examples: winter—poinsettias

-  spring—trumpet lilies

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
10 ) Identify common greenhouse plant disorders.

Examples: root rot, insect damage, fungus

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
11 ) Select types of fertilizer and methods of application used in greenhouse production.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
12 ) Apply pesticides to greenhouse crops.

•  Identifying safety and first aid precautions in greenhouse management
•  Using correct pesticides for intended target in greenhouse management
•  Disposing of containers and leftover pesticide mixtures according to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) standards
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
13 ) Select quality greenhouse plants for marketing.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate managerial skills for successfully operating a greenhouse business.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
15 ) Maintain greenhouse facilities.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Greenhouse Production and Management
All Resources: 0
16 ) Maintain equipment used in greenhouse operations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe careers in creative floral design.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify professional florist associations.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
3 ) Apply safety precautions involved in creative floral design.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
4 ) Demonstrate the use of design mechanics in creative floral designs.

Examples: wiring and taping techniques, interpreting progressive color theory, analyzing floral design forms

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
5 ) Demonstrate design techniques used in creating contemporary arrangements, including basing, clustering, pillowing, layering, bundling, and wrapping.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
6 ) Design abstract and interpretive arrangements using both natural and man-made materials.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
7 ) Create period designs, including southwest, colonial, country, oriental, and European.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
8 ) Describe factors involved with balloon decorating.

•  Creating symmetrical and asymmetrical balloon designs
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
9 ) Create tabletop floral arrangements for special events.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
10 ) Construct various specialty arrangements, including dish gardens, topiaries, jardinières, and pot-de-fleur.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
11 ) Demonstrate the ability to dry and preserve flowers and foliage.

•  Designing a dried flower arrangement
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
12 ) Identify various types of permanent flowers.

Example: silk, plastic, paper

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Creative Floral Design
All Resources: 0
13 ) Create window and in-store displays, including radiation, step, pyramid, and zigzag designs.

•  Critiquing window displays for visual balance, harmony, lighting, and aesthetics
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
1 ) Explain the importance of horticulture to local, state, national, and world economies.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify careers in horticulture.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
3 ) Describe safety practices in horticulture.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
4 ) Describe vegetative structures and functions in annuals, biennials, and perennials.

Examples: root for plant anchor and support, stem for plant support, leaf for photosynthesis and respiration

•  Identifying sexual reproductive structures and functions of plants
Examples: flower, fruit, seed

•  Identifying asexual reproductive structures and functions of plants
Examples: stem, root, leaf

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
5 ) Describe the purpose and use of growth regulators.

Examples: rooting, growth stimulant, retardant

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
6 ) Differentiate soil from soilless media in the horticulture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify components of soil.

Examples: sand, silt, clay

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
8 ) List the macronutrients and micronutrients needed for plant growth.

•  Identifying the function of macronutrients and micronutrients
Examples: major macronutrients—nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium

-  secondary macronutrients—calcium, sulfur, magnesium

-  micronutrients—zinc, iron, boron, copper, manganese, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, molybdenum, chloride

•  Recognizing common nutrient deficiency symptoms
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
9 ) Design short- and long-term fertilization plans based on information provided by a soil test.

•  Comparing organic and inorganic fertilizers
•  Demonstrating fertilizer application methods
•  Describing pH modification procedures
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
10 ) Describe various greenhouse designs and types of coverings.

Examples: designs—even-span, Gothic arch, uneven-span, Quonset, lean-to, attached or g gutter connected

-  coverings—glass, polyethylene, fiberglass, acrylic, polycarbonate

•  Comparing methods used in controlling greenhouse temperatures
Examples: misting, heating, ventilating

•  Describing tables or benches used in greenhouses
Examples: wood, welded wire, prefabricated plastic

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
11 ) Design greenhouse and nursery crop production schedules.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
12 ) Compare container and field nurseries.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
13 ) Describe techniques for maintaining plants, including pruning, mulching, fertilizing, and irrigating.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
14 ) Identify common names of greenhouse and nursery plants.

•  Explaining the importance of the binomial classification system
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
15 ) Identify plant damage caused by insects.

•  Describing types of pesticides
Examples: herbicides, miticides, insecticides, fungicides, rodenticides, molluscides, nematocides

•  Describing the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) concept
•  Identifying practices required in the safe use of pesticides
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
16 ) Compare hydroponic systems used in the horticulture industry.

Examples: sand culture, gravel culture, bag culture, aeroponic, continuous flow, nutrient film technique

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
17 ) Design a vegetable garden plan, including site and suitable plant varieties for the local area.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Horticultural Science
All Resources: 0
18 ) Utilize various technologies in the horticulture industry.

Examples: computers, computer software, watering timers, sensors

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
1 ) Describe job characteristics in various career opportunities in the sports turfgrass industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
2 ) Identify workplace safety precautions for sports turfgrass personnel.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
3 ) Identify common names, characteristics, and uses of warm- and cool-season perennial grasses.

•  Categorizing climatic regions in the United States to determine suitable grasses
Examples: Region 1—Kentucky bluegrass

-  Region 2—Bermuda grass

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
4 ) Differentiate among the growth patterns of turfgrasses, including rhizome, stolon, and bunch.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
5 ) Explain soil preparation techniques needed during turfgrass renovations.

Examples: grading, draining, fertilizing

•  Describing the components of soils and the importance of each to the turfgrass industry
•  Describing methods of establishing turfgrasses
Examples: seeding, sodding, plugging, sprigging

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
6 ) Evaluate the results of a soil analysis.

•  Comparing characteristics of primary and secondary macronutrients and micronutrients
Examples: primary macronutrients—nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium

-  secondary macronutrients—calcium, sulfur, magnesium

-  micronutrients—carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, iron, boron, manganese, copper, zinc, molybdenum, chloride

•  Describing symptoms of deficiencies in turfgrasses
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
7 ) Identify insects, diseases, and weeds that affect specific turfgrasses.

Examples: insects—army worms, grubs, mole crickets

-  diseases—dollar spot, fairy ring

-  weeds—crabgrass, annual bluegrass

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
8 ) Differentiate among various types of pesticides.

Examples: preemergence, postemergence, selective and nonselective monosodium methanearsonate (MSMA)

•  Describing techniques for preparing pesticide mixtures
•  Demonstrating safe use of pesticides
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
9 ) Explain mowing heights, frequency of mowing, and patterns of mowing for use on various turfgrasses.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
10 ) Design a sports field, including dimensions and components.

Examples: football, baseball, soccer, softball

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
11 ) Identify characteristics of various parts of a golf course, including greens, fairways, roughs, traps, and tees.

•  Describing the basic design and layout features of a golf course
Examples: number of greens, number of sand traps, water features, yardage

•  Prescribing maintenance procedures for a golf course
•  Identifying responsibilities of the superintendent, director of grounds, golf professional, marshal, and maintenance crew
Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
12 ) Evaluate skills needed to design drainage and irrigation systems.

•  Demonstrating skills needed to install and maintain drainage and irrigation systems
Examples: plumbing, electrical

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
13 ) Identify uses of tools and equipment needed for the maintenance of turfgrasses.

Examples: tools—hand sprayers for applying pesticides, spreaders for applying g fertilizers

-  equipment—power mowers for cutting turfgrass, gasoline blowers for removing debris

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
14 ) Demonstrate business-related work ethics.

Examples: following instructions, being on-time, cooperating with others

•  Demonstrating managerial skills for the successful operation of a landscape or turfgrass business
Examples: keeping records, budgeting, pricing, scheduling work, inventorying, purchasing, advertising, handling customer complaints, communicating in oral and written form

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Sports Turfgrass Production and Management
All Resources: 0
15 ) Identify advancements in technology that enhance the sports and recreation turfgrass industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Floral Design and Management
All Resources: 0
1 ) Identify careers in the floriculture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Floral Design and Management
All Resources: 0
2 ) Describe safety procedures used in the floriculture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Floral Design and Management
All Resources: 0
3 ) Trace the history of the basic principles of design used in floriculture.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Floral Design and Management
All Resources: 0
4 ) Create a portfolio, including a résumé, cover letter, job application, and photographs of personally designed floral arrangements.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Floral Design and Management
All Resources: 0
5 ) Identify time management skills used in the floriculture industry.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12
Specialty Floral Design and Management
All Resources: 0
6 ) Identify tools and equipment used in the floriculture business.

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources (2009)
Grade(s): 9 - 12