Counting and Cardinality
 
Know number names and the count sequence.
 

1 ) Count to 100 by ones and by tens. [KCC1] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



2 ) Count forward beginning from a given number within the known sequence (instead of having to begin at 1). [KCC2] 


3 ) Write numbers from 0 to 20. Represent a number of objects with a written numeral 020 (with 0 representing a count of no objects). [KCC3] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards


Count to tell the number of objects.
 

4 ) Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities; connect counting to cardinality. [KCC4] a. When counting objects, say the number names in the standard order, pairing each object with one and only one number name and each number name with one and only one object. [KCC4a] b. Understand that the last number name said tells the number of objects counted. The number of objects is the same regardless of their arrangement or the order in which they were counted. [KCC4b] c. Understand that each successive number name refers to a quantity that is one larger.
[KCC4c] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



5 ) Count to answer "how many'" questions about as many as 20 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 10 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 120, count out that many objects. [KCC5] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards


Compare numbers.
 

6 ) Identify whether the number of objects in one group is greater than, less than, or equal to the number of objects in another group, e.g., by using matching and counting strategies. (Include groups with up to ten objects.) [KCC6] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



7 ) Compare two numbers between 1 and 10 presented as written numerals. [KCC7] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards


Operations and Algebraic Thinking
 
Understand addition as putting together and adding to, and understand subtraction as taking apart and taking from.
 

8 ) Represent addition and subtraction with objects, fingers, mental images, drawings, sounds (e.g., claps), acting out situations, verbal explanations, expressions, or equations. (Drawings need not show details, but should show the mathematics in the problem. This applies wherever drawings are mentioned in the Standards.) [KOA1] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



9 ) Solve addition and subtraction word problems, and add and subtract within 10, e.g., by using objects or drawings to represent the problem. [KOA2] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



10 ) Decompose numbers less than or equal to 10 into pairs in more than one way, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 5 = 2 + 3 and 5 = 4 + 1). [KOA3] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



11 ) For any number from 1 to 9, find the number that makes 10 when added to the given number, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record the answer with a drawing or equation. [KOA4] 


12 ) Fluently add and subtract within 5. [KOA5] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards


Number and Operations in Base Ten
 
Work with numbers 1119 to gain foundations for place value.
 

13 ) Compose and decompose numbers from 11 to 19 into ten ones and some further ones, e.g., by using objects or drawings, and record each composition or decomposition by a drawing or equation (e.g., 18 = 10 + 8); understand that these numbers are composed of ten ones and one, two, three, four, five, six, seven, eight, or nine ones. [KNBT1] 

Measurement and Data
 
Describe and compare measurable attributes.
 

14 ) Describe measurable attributes of objects such as length or weight. Describe several measurable attributes of a single object. [KMD1] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



15 ) Directly compare two objects, with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has "more of" or "less of" the attribute, and describe the difference. [KMD2] Example: Directly compare the heights of two children, and describe one child as taller or shorter. Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards


Classify objects and count the number of objects in each category.
 

16 ) Classify objects into given categories; count the number of objects in each category, and sort the categories by count. (Limit category counts to be less than or equal to 10.) [KMD3] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards


Geometry
 
Identify and describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, and spheres).
 

17 ) Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, and describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, and next to. [KG1] NAEP Framework
Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



18 ) Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. [KG2] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



19 ) Identify shapes as twodimensional (lying in a plane, "flat") or threedimensional ("solid"). [KG3] NAEP Framework
Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards


Analyze, compare, create, and compose shapes.
 

20 ) Analyze and compare two and threedimensional shapes, in different sizes and orientations, using informal language to describe their similarities, differences, parts (e.g., number of sides and vertices or "corners"), and other attributes (e.g., having sides of equal length). [KG4] NAEP Framework



21 ) Model shapes in the world by building shapes from components (e.g., sticks and clay balls) and drawing shapes. [KG5] Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards



22 ) Compose simple shapes to form larger shapes. [KG6] Example: "Can you join these two triangles with full sides touching to make a rectangle'" 