Courses of Study : English Language Arts (Grade 3)

Recurring Standards
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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R1. Utilize active listening skills during discussion and conversation in pairs, small groups, or whole-class settings, following agreed-upon rules for participation.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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R2. Use knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences and word analysis skills to decode and encode words accurately.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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R3. Expand background knowledge and build vocabulary through discussion, reading, and writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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R4. Use digital and electronic tools appropriately, safely, and ethically for research and writing, both individually and collaboratively.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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R5. Utilize a writing process to plan, draft, revise, edit, and publish writings in various genres.
Literacy Foundations
Oral Language
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
1. Contribute meaningful ideas to discussions with groups and peers utilizing agreed upon rules.

a. Elaborate on responses in conversations and discussions.

Examples: use precise, descriptive language; build upon previously expressed ideas
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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2. Present information orally using complex sentence structures, appropriate volume, and clear pronunciation.

a. Use oral language for different purposes: to inform, to entertain, to persuade, to clarify, and to respond.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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3. Apply oral literacy skills by participating in a variety of oral language activities.

Examples: plays, dramas, choral readings, oral reports
Speaking
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
4. Ask and answer questions using complete sentences and grade-level vocabulary.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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5. Express ideas, opinions, and feelings orally in a logical sequence clearly, accurately, and precisely, using appropriate volume, clear pronunciation, and standard English grammar.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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6. Use digital tools to enhance oral presentations, working collaboratively.
Phonological Awareness/Phonemic Awareness
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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7. Demonstrate advanced phonemic awareness skills in spoken words.

a. Delete phonemes in initial and final blends of a spoken word.

Examples: Say smoke. Now say smoke, but don't say /m/. (soak)
Say best. Now say best, but don't say /s/. (bet)

b. Substitute phonemes in initial and final blends in a spoken word.

Examples: Say sweep. Now say sweep, but change the /w/ to /l/. (sleep) Say list. Now say list, but change the /s/ to /f/. (lift)

c. Reverse phonemes in a spoken word.

Examples: Say safe. Now say safe but say the last sound first and the first sound last. (face)
Say slack. Now say slack but say the last sound first and the first sound last. (class)

d. In a series of words, apply phoneme chaining that changes only one sound at a time to show addition, deletion, substitution and resequencing of sounds from one word to the next.

Examples: sap, lap, lip, slip, slit, lit; gob, cob, cub, cup, cap; train, rain, lane, lame, blame

e. Use knowledge of syllable and affix substitution and deletion to demonstrate morphological changes.

Examples: Say photograph. Change graph to cell. (photocell)
Say anytime. Change time to where. (anywhere)
Say blocked. Change /t/ to /ing/. (blocking)
Phonics
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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8. Apply knowledge of phoneme-grapheme correspondences, multisyllabic word construction, and syllable division principles to decode and encode (spell) words accurately in isolation and in context.

a. Decode multisyllabic words with common syllable patterns, including open/closed, vowel-r, vowel-consonant-e, vowel teams, consonant-le, and odd or schwa syllables.

b. Apply knowledge of multisyllabic word construction and syllable division principles to decode grade-appropriate multisyllabic words.

Examples: VC/CV, V/CV, VC/V, CV/VC; com-mit-ment, e-vent, ev-er-y, po-et

c. Decode and encode words with three-consonant blends, digraphs, trigraphs, quadrigraph eigh, combinations, diphthongs, and silent letter combinations.

Examples: spl-, str-, scr-, squ-; th, sh, ch, ck, ph; tch, dge, igh; er, ir, ar, or; oi, oy, ou, ow; kn, gn, mb, wr, gh

d. Decode and encode words with graphemes that represent multiple sound-symbol correspondences by applying knowledge of most common to least common frequency.

Examples: y can be read /y/ in yet, /ē/ in candy, /ī/ in fly
digraph ch can be read /ch/ in chair, /sh/ in chef, and /k/ in school
diphthong ow is read /ou/ in cow, but digraph ow is read /ō/ in snow

e. Decode and encode multisyllabic words using knowledge of stress or accent to pronounce a word correctly, including the schwa sound when appropriate.

Examples: the noun con'/vict vs. the verb con/vict'; the noun pro'/duce vs. the verb pro/duce'

f. Decode and encode words using knowledge of the morphological structure of a word, including prefixes, suffixes, and roots.

Examples: fore-, anti-, post-, sub-; -ment, -hood, -er, -or; port, ject, form, dict

g. Decode and encode contractions with am, is, has, not, have, would, and will.

Examples: I'm, he's, she's, isn't, don't, I've, he'd, they'll

h. Decode and encode frequently confused homophones accurately using knowledge of English and meaning to facilitate learning.

Examples: hear/here; night/knight; tacks/tax

i. Decode and encode words with hard and soft c and g.

j. Decode and encode grade-appropriate high frequency words that follow regular and irregular phoneme-grapheme correspondences, using knowledge of the specific sound-symbol correspondences that are irregular.
Fluency
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
9. Apply previously-taught phoneme-grapheme correspondences to multisyllabic words with accuracy and automaticity, in and out of context.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
10. Read and reread grade-appropriate text accurately, automatically, and with meaningful expression at a rate which supports comprehension.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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11. Read and reread grade-appropriate poetry, practicing phrasing, rhythm, rhyme, and meaningful expression.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
12. Read high-frequency words commonly found in grade-appropriate text accurately and automatically.

Note: High-frequency words should be taught with the main emphasis of the lesson being on regular correspondences and patterns within the word. The student should be able to read the word accurately three times in a row on different days to be considered accurate enough to add to a personal word box, word ring, or fluency folder. Avoid teaching high-frequency words as "sight words" that need to be memorized as a whole word, unless there are no regular correspondences in the word. "Of" is an example of a word with no regular correspondences
Vocabulary
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
13. Utilize new academic, content-specific, grade-level vocabulary to make connections to previously learned words and relate new words to background knowledge.

a. Make connections to a word's structure using knowledge of phonology, morphology, and orthography of the word to aid learning.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
14. Describe word relationships and nuances in word meanings, including relating them to their opposites and distinguishing shades of meaning in similar or related words, including nouns, verbs, and adjectives.

a. Determine meaning of words using synonyms in context.

b. Determine meaning of words using antonyms as a clue.

c. Describe the similarities and differences between related words.

d. Use knowledge of homophones to determine appropriate use of words.

e. Interpret figurative language.

f. Identify relationships and nuances in word meanings to determine real-life connections between words and their use.
Examples: Discuss relationships in words related to home (house, residence, habitat) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
Distinguish shades of meaning in words related to bad (terrible, awful, horrible) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
Distinguish shades of meaning in words related to talk (yell, scream, bellow) and give reasons for choosing a particular word in speaking or writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
15. Analyze meaningful parts (morphemes) of words and phrases in discussions and/or text.

a. Identify meaningful parts of words (morphemes) and use them as clues to the meaning of unfamiliar words, including base words, roots, and frequently occurring affixes and inflections.

Examples: affixes -less, -ful, pro-, trans- ; roots aqua, cent, port, form, ject, spect, dict, tend, fer

b. Apply knowledge of the changes in tense (-ed), number (-s), and degree (-er and -est) signified by inflected endings to determine the meaning of a word.

c. Identify common and derivational prefixes and suffixes and use them as clues to a word's meaning.

Examples: pre-, re-, mis-; -ly, -less, -ful, -able, -ment

d. Identify common Latin and Greek roots and use them to determine the meaning of unfamiliar words.

e. Sort words with shared and varied suffixes by parts of speech.
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
16. Use knowledge of grade-level academic and domain-specific vocabulary to gain meaning from text.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
17. Use grade-level academic and domain-specific vocabulary in writing.
Comprehension
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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18. Demonstrate content knowledge built during independent reading of informational and literary texts by participating in content-specific discussions with peers and/or through writing.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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19. Determine the explicit or implied main idea and supporting details of a text.

a. Explain how supporting details contribute to the main idea, using textual evidence.

b. Recount or summarize the key ideas from the text.

English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
20. Establish a purpose before reading literary and informational texts to enhance comprehension, including identifying background knowledge and generating questions about the topic or characters.

Examples: reading for pleasure, application, or information; to identify a theme or an author's purpose
Reading
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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21. Identify and interpret various cohesive devices that link words and sentences to one another within the text.

Examples: pronoun references, conjunctions, word substitution using synonyms

Note: Working with cohesive devices is a scaffold to building comprehension at both sentence and paragraph levels.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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22. Describe literary elements within a story, including setting, plot, characters, and themes.

a. Describe in detail the characters' behavior, emotions, and traits and explain how their actions influence events in the story.

b. Explain how the characters' actions and dialogue contribute to the meaning of the story.

c. Identify the central message, theme, or moral in a story, including myths, fables, and folktales, and explain the meaning conveyed in the passage.

d. Compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots from two texts.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
23. Identify and use text features in informational passages to locate information.

Examples: headings, photographs, illustrations, labels, charts, graphs, legends

a. Explain how text features support details in the text.

b. Explain how illustrations contribute to meaning in a story.

c. Interpret text features used in written and digital formats.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
24. Identify the text structures within literary and informational texts.

a. Explain how the structures, including comparison and contrast, sequence of events, problem and solution, and cause and effect, contribute to the meaning of the text, using textual evidence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
25. Identify statements in informational texts as facts or opinions.

a. Use prior knowledge and/or details from the text to distinguish fact from opinion.

b. Use information gathered from research to evaluate opinions.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
26. Use text comparisons (text to text, text to self, and text to world) to make meaning.

a. Use prior knowledge to determine similarities between texts they are reading and texts they have previously read.

b. Compare different versions of the same story.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
27. Read prose, poetry, and dramas, identifying the literary devices used by the author to convey meaning.

Examples: personification, imagery, alliteration, onomatopoeia, symbolism, metaphor, simile
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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28. Identify the narration of a literary text as first person or third person.
Listening
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
29. Determine the main idea of a text read aloud or information presented in an audible format.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
30. Manipulate words and/or phrases to create compound sentences, including coordinating conjunctions for, and, nor, but, or, yet, or so, and complex sentences to help build syntactic awareness and comprehension at the sentence level.
Writing
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
31. Write legibly in cursive with connected, correctly-formed letters and appropriate spacing between words.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
32. Apply knowledge of grade-appropriate phoneme-grapheme correspondences, multisyllabic word construction, syllable division rules, and spelling rules (or generalizations) to encode words accurately.

a. Apply knowledge of multisyllabic word construction and syllable division principles to encode multisyllabic words.

Examples: VC/CV, V/CV, VC/V, CV/VC; com-mit-ment, e-vent, ev-er-y, po-et

b. Encode multisyllabic words, using common syllable patterns: open/closed, vowel-r, vowel-consonant-e, vowel teams, consonant-le, and odd or schwa syllables.

c. Encode words with two and three letter blends and previously taught digraphs, trigraphs, combinations, diphthongs, quadrigraph eigh, vowel y, hard and soft c and g, silent letter combinations, and contractions.

d. Encode words with less common prefixes, suffixes, and common Latin roots.

Examples: prefixes: fore-, pro-, intra-, inter-, trans-, non-, over-, sub-, super-, semi-, anti-, mid-, ex-, post-
suffixes: -y, -ly, -ful, -ment, -hood, -less, -ness, -er, -or, -en
Latin roots: port, form, ject, spect, dict, tend, fer

e. Encode frequently confused homophones accurately, using context to determine correct spelling.

Examples: hear/here; night/knight; tacks/tax
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
33. Write personal or fictional narratives with a logical plot (sequence of events), characters, transitions, and a sense of closure.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
34. Write informative or explanatory texts about a topic using sources, including an introduction, facts, relevant details with elaboration, and a conclusion.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
35. Write an argument to convince the reader to take an action or adopt a position, using an introduction, logical reasoning supported by evidence from various sources, and a conclusion.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
36. Demonstrate knowledge of the rules of standard English grammar including punctuation, capitalization, sentence formation, and spelling appropriate for third grade.

a. Use articles a, an, and the correctly.

b. Identify the role of a noun, verb, adjective, adverb, pronoun, preposition, and conjunction within a sentence and explain the type of the information it conveys.

c. Form plural nouns, verbs, and possessives, including irregular plural nouns and verbs.

d. Use simple abbreviations, including days of the week, months of the year, titles, units of metric and customary measurement, street names, and state names.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
37. Compose simple, compound, and complex sentences with correct subject-verb agreement.

a. Identify and correct sentence fragments and run-on sentences.

b. Identify the subject and predicate of a sentence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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38. Compose and develop a well-organized paragraph with a topic sentence, details to support, and a concluding sentence.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
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39. Gather and evaluate information about a topic from a variety of sources, including digital sources, and utilize it to create a project, report, or presentation.

a. Avoid plagiarism by using their own words and utilizing digital sources ethically.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
40. Use grade-level and domain-appropriate vocabulary in writing.

a. Use specific vocabulary to develop a story.

b. Use specific vocabulary to explain or inform on a topic.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
41. Use words and phrases in writing for effect and elaboration.

a. Use transition words and phrases for sentence variety.
English Language Arts (2021)
Grade(s): 3
All Resources: 0
42. Write poetry or prose in response to visual images to interpret their meanings.