Courses of Study : Science

Number of Standards matching query: 18
From Molecules to Organisms: Structures and Processes
Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 1
Lesson Plans: 1
1 ) Engage in argument from evidence to support claims of the cell theory.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.1a: All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell only to many cells. About two-thirds of the weight of cells is accounted for by water, which gives cells many of their properties. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.

NAEP Statement::
L8.3a: Cells carry out the many functions needed to sustain life.

NAEP Statement::
L8.3b: They grow and divide, thereby producing more cells.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.1- Recognize that cells are the basic units of life; identify the ability to see cells in living tissue using a microscope as evidence that living things are made of cells.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 7
Lesson Plans: 2
Classroom Resources: 5
2 ) Gather and synthesize information to explain how prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells differ in structure and function, including the methods of asexual and sexual reproduction.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.1e: All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell only to many cells. About two-thirds of the weight of cells is accounted for by water, which gives cells many of their properties. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.

NAEP Statement::
L8.2: Following fertilization, cell division produces a small cluster of cells that then differentiate by appearance and function to form the basic tissues of an embryo.

NAEP Statement::
L8.9a: Reproduction is a characteristic of all living systems; because no individual organism lives forever, reproduction is essential to the continuation of every species.

NAEP Statement::
L8.9b: Some organisms reproduce asexually.

NAEP Statement::
L8.9c: Other organisms reproduce sexually.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 8
Learning Activities: 2
Lesson Plans: 2
Classroom Resources: 4
3 ) Construct an explanation of the function (e.g., mitochondria releasing energy during cellular respiration) of specific cell structures (i.e., nucleus, cell membrane, cell wall, ribosomes, mitochondria, chloroplasts, and vacuoles) for maintaining a stable environment.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.1b: All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell only to many cells. About two-thirds of the weight of cells is accounted for by water, which gives cells many of their properties. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.3- Label the nucleus of a cell in a cell diagram; distinguish at least one structural difference between plant and animal cells (e.g., cell wall, chloroplasts); match specific cell structures (e.g., nucleus, cell wall, cell membrane) with their functions.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 9
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 8
4 ) Construct models and representations of organ systems (e.g., circulatory, digestive, respiratory, muscular, skeletal, nervous) to demonstrate how multiple interacting organs and systems work together to accomplish specific functions.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.1c: All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell only to many cells. About two-thirds of the weight of cells is accounted for by water, which gives cells many of their properties. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.

NAEP Statement::
L8.1d: All organisms are composed of cells, from one cell only to many cells. About two-thirds of the weight of cells is accounted for by water, which gives cells many of their properties. In multicellular organisms, specialized cells perform specialized functions. Organs and organ systems are composed of cells and function to serve the needs of cells for food, air, and waste removal. The way in which cells function is similar in all living organisms.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.4- Label major organs of the human body (e.g., heart, lungs, diaphragm, bones, muscles, stomach, brain, intestines); use a model to demonstrate how organs are connected in an organ system; recognize how organ systems support the survival of humans (e.g., circulatory, respiratory, skeletal, muscular, digestive).


Ecosystems: Interactions, Energy, and Dynamics
Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 9
Lesson Plans: 4
Classroom Resources: 5
5 ) Examine the cycling of matter between abiotic and biotic parts of ecosystems to explain the flow of energy and the conservation of matter.

a. Obtain, evaluate, and communicate information about how food is broken down through chemical reactions to create new molecules that support growth and/or release energy as it moves through an organism.

b. Generate a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis and cellular respiration in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.3c: Food is used to provide energy for the work that cells do and is a source of the molecular building blocks from which needed materials are assembled.

NAEP Statement::
L8.4a: Plants are producers; that is, they use the energy from light to make sugar molecules from the atoms of carbon dioxide and water.

NAEP Statement::
L8.5a: All animals, including humans, are consumers that meet their energy needs by eating other organisms or their products.

NAEP Statement::
L8.5b: Consumers break down the structures of the organisms they eat to make the materials they need to grow and function.

NAEP Statement::
L8.5c: Decomposers, including bacteria and fungi, use dead organisms or their products to meet their energy needs.

NAEP Statement::
P8.13a: Nuclear reactions take place in the Sun.

NAEP Statement::
P8.13b: In plants, light from the Sun is transferred to oxygen and carbon compounds, which, in combination, have chemical potential energy (photosynthesis).



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.5- Distinguish between abiotic and biotic parts of an ecosystem.
SCI.AAS.7.5a- Recognize that food is broken down through chemical reactions to provide energy needed for the growth of organisms.
SCI.AAS.7.5b- Recognize that plants and animals depend on one another for the exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen; identify photosynthesis as the process by which plants transfer energy from the sun into materials needed for growth.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 14
Lesson Plans: 2
Classroom Resources: 12
6 ) Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence regarding how resource availability impacts individual organisms as well as populations of organisms within an ecosystem.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.7: The number of organisms and populations an ecosystem can support depends on the biotic resources available and abiotic factors, such as quantity of light and water, range of temperatures, and soil composition.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.6- Use data as evidence that the availability of natural resources (e.g., food, light, water) influences the growth of organisms.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 21
Lesson Plans: 3
Classroom Resources: 18
7 ) Use empirical evidence from patterns and data to demonstrate how changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem (e.g., deforestation, succession, drought, fire, disease, human activities, invasive species) can lead to shifts in populations.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.8a: All organisms cause changes in the environment where they live.

NAEP Statement::
L8.8b: Some of these changes are detrimental to the organisms or other organisms, whereas others are beneficial.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.7- Interpret data to see how changes in an ecosystem (e.g., drought, forest fires) affect the animal population in an area.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 6
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 5
8 ) Construct an explanation to predict patterns of interactions in different ecosystems in terms of the relationships between and among organisms (e.g., competition, predation, mutualism, commensalism, parasitism).


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.6a: Two types of organisms may interact with one another in several ways: They may be in a producer/ consumer, predator/prey, or parasite/ host relationship.

NAEP Statement::
L8.6b: Or, one organism may scavenge or decompose another.

NAEP Statement::
L8.6c: Relationships may be competitive or mutually beneficial. Some species have become so adapted to each other that neither could survive without the other.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.8- Identify relationships among organisms as competitive, mutually beneficial, parasitic, or neutral.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 6
Lesson Plans: 2
Classroom Resources: 4
9 ) Engage in argument to defend the effectiveness of a design solution that maintains biodiversity and ecosystem services (e.g., using scientific, economic, and social considerations regarding purifying water, recycling nutrients, preventing soil erosion).


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.9- Identify human behaviors that are harmful to the environment; compare the effectiveness of various solutions to these problems (e.g. recycling, preventing soil erosion, organic gardening).


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 10
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 9
10 ) Use evidence and scientific reasoning to explain how characteristic animal behaviors (e.g., building nests to protect young from cold, herding to protect young from predators, attracting mates for breeding by producing special sounds and displaying colorful plumage, transferring pollen or seeds to create conditions for seed germination and growth) and specialized plant structures (e.g., flower brightness, nectar, and odor attracting birds that transfer pollen; hard outer shells on seeds providing protection prior to germination) affect the probability of successful reproduction of both animals and plants.

Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 6
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 5
11 ) Analyze and interpret data to predict how environmental conditions (e.g., weather, availability of nutrients, location) and genetic factors (e.g., selective breeding of cattle or crops) influence the growth of organisms (e.g., drought decreasing plant growth, adequate supply of nutrients for maintaining normal plant growth, identical plant seeds growing at different rates in different weather conditions, fish growing larger in large ponds than in small ponds).


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.10a: For some characteristics, inheritance is more important; for other characteristics, interactions with the environment are more important.

NAEP Statement::
L8.10b: The characteristics of organisms are influenced by heredity and environment.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.11- Predict how various environmental conditions affect our food supply; recognize that farmers use selective breeding of plants and animals to influence the growth and other factors of those plants and animals.


Heredity: Inheritance and Variation of Traits
Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 5
Learning Activities: 2
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 2
12 ) Construct and use models (e.g., monohybrid crosses using Punnett squares, diagrams, simulations) to explain that genetic variations between parent and offspring (e.g., different alleles, mutations) occur as a result of genetic differences in randomly inherited genes located on chromosomes and that additional variations may arise from alteration of genetic information.


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.12- Compare and contrast traits of animal parents and their offspring (e.g., eye color, hair/fur color, size); recognize that variations between parents and offspring are the result of randomly inherited genes; recognize that genes are located on chromosomes which are found in the cells of living things.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 2
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 1
13 ) Construct an explanation from evidence to describe how genetic mutations result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of an organism.

Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 4
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 3
14 ) Gather and synthesize information regarding the impact of technologies (e.g., hand pollination, selective breeding, genetic engineering, genetic modification, gene therapy) on the inheritance and/or appearance of desired traits in organisms.

Unity and Diversity
Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 2
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 1
15 ) Analyze and interpret data for patterns of change in anatomical structures of organisms using the fossil record and the chronological order of fossil appearance in rock layers.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.11d: Fossils indicate that many organisms that lived long ago are extinct.

NAEP Statement::
L8.11e: Extinction of a species is common; most of the species that have lived on the Earth no longer exist.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.15- Identify patterns that indicate a change in a species over time.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 2
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 1
16 ) Construct an explanation based on evidence (e.g., cladogram, phylogenetic tree) for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern organisms and between modern and fossil organisms, including living fossils (e.g., alligator, horseshoe crab, nautilus, coelacanth).


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.12a: Similarities among organisms are found in anatomical features, which can be used to infer the degree of relatedness among organisms.

NAEP Statement::
L8.12b: In classifying organisms, biologists consider details of internal and external structures to be more important than behavior or general appearance.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 1
Lesson Plans: 1
17 ) Obtain and evaluate pictorial data to compare patterns in the embryological development across multiple species to identify relationships not evident in the adult anatomy.


Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.17- Compare pictorial data of embryological development in multiple species; identify relationships in embryos of different species that are not evident in the adults of those species.


Science (2015)
Grade(s): 7
Life Science
All Resources: 4
Lesson Plans: 1
Classroom Resources: 3
18 ) Construct an explanation from evidence that natural selection acting over generations may lead to the predominance of certain traits that support successful survival and reproduction of a population and to the suppression of other traits.


NAEP Framework
NAEP Statement::
L8.11a: Individual organisms with certain traits in particular environments are more likely than others to survive and have offspring.

NAEP Statement::
L8.11b: When an environment changes, the advantage or disadvantage of characteristics can change.

NAEP Statement::
L8.11c: Extinction of a species occurs when the environment changes and the characteristics of a species are insufficient to allow survival.



Alabama Alternate Achievement Standards
AAS Standard:
SCI.AAS.7.18- Recognize that healthy specimens of organisms live longer and reproduce in larger numbers than unhealthy specimens; recognize that natural selection may lead to the successful survival of a population by supporting certain traits and suppressing others.