Courses of Study

Arts Education, Grade 3, Dance, 2006

1.) Apply musical concepts to movement, including tempo, beat, accent, meter, and rhythm.

•  Identifying meter signatures in musical selections
•  Improvising movement that illustrates the timbre of music
Examples: floating movement to soft music, sharp movement to strong music

2.) Demonstrate sequences of movements that combine elements of space, including shape, level, direction, and relationships.

Examples: creating parallel lines with the arms, creating 45 degree angles with the legs, filling negative space

3.) Differentiate symmetry and asymmetry through dance.

4.) Differentiate the energy found in movements, including bound, free, strong, and light.


- bound--moving as if trapped in a small box,

- free--moving as if playing in an open field,

- strong--jabbing elbows through space,

- light--walking as if on a cloud

5.) Demonstrate proper body alignment while moving.

•  Demonstrating the ability to move from a balanced position to an off-balanced position
6.) Analyze movement for content.

Example: asking questions, including who, what, when, where, why, and how

•  Identifying ways that lighting, costuming, sound effects, makeup, props, and sets enhance dance productions
•  Locating the audience, backdrop, and orchestra of a performance space
7.) Identify the elements of space, time, and energy in video productions involving dance.

Examples: using words identifying spatial relationships such as over, under, around, through, and between to describe how Scarecrow and Dorothy dance down the yellow brick road in The Wizard of Oz; identifying elements of dance in video streaming available on dance company Web sites

8.) Demonstrate safe ways to move while dancing with a group.

•  Connecting to others with various body parts, including elbows, knees, toes, and head
9.) Explain the purposes of ritual, social, and theatre dance.


- ritual--enhancing ceremonies,

- social--strengthening communities,

- theatre--inspiring an audience

•  Relating regional dances to climate and culture

- climate--Native American rain and sun dances,

- culture--Russian wedding dance

10.) Apply concepts from other content areas while improvising movement.

Example: improvising a dance that illustrates the movement of the continental plates

•  Explain the importance of proper warm-up for dancers.