Courses of Study: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Agriscience, 2009

1.) Identify major agricultural commodities in the local area, state, nation, and world.

•  Sequencing major changes and accomplishments in the history of agriculture
•  Describing various agricultural organizations and their roles in the agricultural industry
•  Defining agriculture and major divisions of the agricultural industry.
2.) Determine factors in developing an effective career plan, including procedures for obtaining employment.

•  Identifying various careers in the agricultural industry
3.) Identify tool and equipment safety procedures in woodworking, welding, electrical, small engine, plumbing, and masonry operations.

4.) Utilize technology to access, manage, and integrate information in the agricultural industry.

Examples: Internet, spreadsheets, databases

•  Identifying technological advancements that enhance the agricultural industry
5.) Apply problem-solving skills to resolve agribusiness issues.

•  Explaining the eight steps in the decision-making process
•  Describing fundamental principles of economics that affect the management of a business, including supply and demand
6.) Identify characteristics of a SAE program, including manageability, record keeping, availability of facilities, and financing.

•  Identifying principles of financial literacy
•  Describing factors to be considered in agricultural entrepreneurial opportunities
Examples: risk, reward, business climate, obtaining finances

7.) Demonstrate communication skills, including prepared public speaking, extemporaneous speaking, creed speaking, and parliamentary procedure, through career development events (CDEs).

•  Demonstrating leadership and teamwork skills gained through student organization activities
Examples: activities—CDEs, proficiency awards, officer leadership opportunities, teamwork opportunities

8.) Identify methods for conserving the environment. Identify methods for conserving the environment.

•  Explaining the importance of natural resources
•  Describing techniques for recycling, reusing, and reducing the use of natural resources
9.) Identify major soil areas in Alabama.

•  Identifying layers of soil in a soil profile
•  Determining the texture of various soil samples
•  Determining the land capability class for a given plot of land
•  Explaining how to adjust soil pH
10.) Determine characteristics and functions of plants.

•  Explaining plant processes, including photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration
•  Identifying the sixteen essential elements needed for plant health and growth
•  Identifying various requirements needed to produce successful vegetable gardens, greenhouse plants, and landscape plants
•  Propagating plants sexually and asexually
•  Explaining how agricultural crops can be utilized as alternative fuel sources
11.) Determine forest management practices.

•  Identifying trees for local, state, national, and global markets
•  Applying mathematical concepts to the measurement of trees and land
12.) Identify common breeds of livestock and their characteristics, including cattle, swine, sheep, equine, and poultry.

•  Identifying species-specific terminology used to describe livestock
Examples: bovine—bull, cow, heifer, steer, calf

- equine—stallion, mare, foal, gelding, filly

- swine—boar, sow, piglet, gilt, barrow

•  Explaining practices used to manage livestock, including handling, breeding, vaccinating, and transporting
•  Determining nutritional requirements for livestock, including cattle, swine, sheep, equine, and poultry
13.) Differentiate among types of aquaculture enterprises in Alabama, including catfish, crawfish, shrimp, and tilapia.

14.) Assess ethical and legal responsibilities for conduct in wildlife management.

•  Identifying state hunting laws and regulations concerning wildlife
•  Explaining hunter ethics
•  Determining management practices used to enhance wildlife habitats
•  Explaining hunting safety practices
15.) Describe the importance of pest management in the agricultural industry.

•  Comparing types of pesticides and how they control pests
16.) Apply mathematical, reading, and writing skills used in woodworking.

•  Developing a plan of procedure for a woodworking project
•  Interpreting a plan of procedure for a woodworking project
•  Demonstrating procedures for constructing a woodworking project, including completing a bill of materials, calculating board feet, selecting tools, applying measurements, cutting, assembling, and finishing
17.) Demonstrate procedures used in arc welding.

18.) Explain the theory of operation for two- and four-cycle small engines.

•  Performing routine care and maintenance on small engines
19.) Demonstrate procedures used in wiring electrical circuits.

20.) Identify procedures for installing and maintaining water and sewage lines for agricultural structures.

•  Demonstrating the installation of plumbing fixtures