Courses of Study: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Agriscience Exploration, 2009

1.) Describe career opportunities in the agricultural industry.

•  Evaluating factors for selecting an agriscience career
Examples: personal interests, abilities, preparation, salary

•  Describing desirable work habits for the agricultural industry
Examples: reporting to work on time, wearing appropriate clothing, following directions, cooperating with coworkers

2.) Describe safety rules and regulations that apply to the agricultural industry.

•  Demonstrating safe use of hand tools
•  Demonstrating safe use of power tools
•  Demonstrating safe techniques for small engine maintenance
3.) Explain the impact of agriculture on a county's economy, utilizing National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) information.

•  Describing the impact of an abundant, inexpensive, and safe food supply
Examples: abundant—independence from foreign food imports

- inexpensive—less income spent on food

- safe—better overall health of populations

•  Comparing United States and world agricultural practices
4.) Identify types of SAEs, including exploratory, research, placement, and entrepreneurship.

•  Describing the criteria for selecting an appropriate SAE
Examples: years in program, career interests, career advantages

5.) Demonstrate communication skills utilized within an agribusiness.

Examples: public speaking, letter writing

•  Demonstrating qualities of leadership, cooperation, and good citizenship within an agricultural organization
•  Demonstrating parliamentary procedures used to conduct agribusiness meetings
6.) Identify major body parts of cattle, swine, sheep, equine, and poultry.

•  Describing the impact of selective breeding and cloning on livestock breeds
•  Evaluating selected groups of animals according to confirmation, frame size, muscling, grade, and breed characteristics
7.) Describe methods and facilities used in the production of various aquatic species.

8.) Describe structures and functions of the major parts of a plant.

•  Comparing photosynthesis and respiration
•  Identifying sexual methods of plant reproduction
•  Illustrating important techniques of asexual plant propagation
Examples: cuttings, division, grafting, layering, tissue culture

9.) Identify the major components of soil.

•  Comparing soil horizons
•  Relating soil characteristics to uses
Examples: texture, drainage, permeability, organic compression, class capabilities

•  Explaining the importance of soil to agriculture
10.) Relate populations within a habitat to communities, ecosystems, and biomes.

•  Comparing biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem
•  Identifying limiting factors that affect plant and animal populations in an ecosystem
Examples: food, shelter, water, climate, nutrients, physical space, disease, pollution, natural disasters

11.) Evaluate agricultural and nonagricultural sources of pollution.

•  Describing the potential impact of climate change on plants, animals, and land
•  Explaining effective methods of reducing pollution
12.) Develop a bill of materials and plan of procedure for a woodworking project.

•  Selecting the hardware required for a woodworking project
•  Calculating the number of board feet required for a woodworking project
13.) Construct a woodworking project.

14.) Identify sources of electrical energy.

•  Explaining the electron theory and its relevance to electrical circuitry
•  Explaining the relationship between electricity and magnetism
•  Describing electrical terms, units, and symbols
•  Applying techniques for making electrical splices
15.) Perform routine care and maintenance on small engines.

16.) Describe computer skills used in the agricultural industry.

Examples: researching electronic reference sources, managing data, analyzing data, and communicating information

17.) Explain uses of the geographic information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) as they relate to agriculture.

18.) Explain ways agricultural products and services are marketed.

•  Describing the role of communication in agricultural marketing