Courses of Study: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Environmental Management, 2009

1.) Recognize career opportunities related to environmental stewardship.

2.) Identify safety considerations required for working in environmental management.

3.) Explain the importance of conserving natural resources and the environment.

4.) Describe methods of managing various types of waste.

Examples: recycling, reusing, reducing

•  Describing factors to be considered in preparing a waste management plan
5.) Describe properties of water that make it a universal solvent.

•  Describing uses of water in agricultural operations
Examples: consumption, irrigation, cleaning, heating and cooling, transporting agricultural products

6.) Identify sources of local drinking water.

•  Determining the quality of freshwater using chemical testing and bioassessment
•  Describing the use of chemicals and microorganisms in water treatment
•  Describing water conservation methods
•  Describing the process of underground water accumulation, including the formation of aquifers
•  Identifying major residential, industrial, and agricultural water consumers
•  Identifying principal uses of water
7.) Identify reasons coastal waters serve as an important resource.

Examples: economic stability, biodiversity, recreation

•  Classifying biota of estuaries, marshes, tidal pools, wetlands, beaches, and inlets
•  Comparing components of marine water to components of inland bodies of water
8.) Describe factors to be considered in preparing a water conservation or management plan for groundwater and surface water resources.

Examples: water availability, water quality, water source

9.) Identify major contaminants in water resulting from natural phenomena, housing, industrial waste, and agriculturural pollutants.

•  Describing the eutrophication of water by industrial effluents and agricultural run offs
•  Classifying sources of water pollution as point and nonpoint
10.) Describe the composition of soil profiles and soil samples of varying climates.

•  Identifying various processes and activities that promote soil formation
Examples: weathering, decomposition, deposition

•  Relating particle size to soil structure and type of sand, silt, or clay
11.) Describe land use practices that promote sustainability and economic growth.

Examples: no-till planting, crop rotation

•  Defining various types and sources of waste and their impact on the soil7
Examples: types—biodegradable and non-biodegradable, organic, radioactive, non-radioactive;

- sources—pesticides, herbicides

•  Identifying ways to manage waste, including composting, recycling, reusing, and reclaiming
12.) Describe agents of erosion, including moving water, gravity, glaciers, and wind.

•  Describing methods of preventing soil erosion
Examples: planting vegetation, constructing terraces, providing barriers

13.) Identify the impact of pollutants on the atmosphere.

•  Identifying layers of the atmosphere and the composition of air
•  Describing the formation of primary, secondary, and indoor air pollutants
•  Relating pollutants to smog and thermal inversions
•  Investigating the impact of air quality on the environment
•  Interpreting social, political, and economical influences on air quality
14.) Compare the effects of various pesticides on the environment.

15.) Describe short- and long-term climatic conditions and their importance in agricultural production.

16.) Identify the influence of human populations, technology, and cultural and industrial changes on the environment.

•  Describing the relationship between carrying capacity and population size
17.) Identify positive and negative effects of human activities on biodiversity.

•  Identifying endangered and extinct species locally, regionally, and worldwide
•  Identifying causes for species extinction locally, regionally, and worldwide
18.) Analyze agricultural activity for its impact on the ecosystems of Alabama.

19.) Evaluate various fossil fuels for their effectiveness as energy resources.

•  Describing the formation and use of nonrenewable fossil fuels
•  Identifying by-products of the combustion of fossil fuels, including particulates, mercury, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and carbon dioxide
•  Identifying chemical equations associated with the combustion of fossil fuels
•  Describing benefits of abundant, affordable energy to mankind
•  Identifying effects of fossil fuel by-products on the environment, including ozone depletion, formation of acid rain, brown haze, greenhouse gases, and concentration of particulates in heavy metals
20.) Evaluate other sources of energy for their effectiveness as alternatives to fossil fuels.

•  Comparing nuclear fission and nuclear fusion reactions in the production of energy
•  Comparing energy production and waste output in generating nuclear energy
•  Differentiating among renewable and nonrenewable energy resources
•  Identifying local energy resources
Examples: landfill gas, wind, water, sun

•  Identifying ways the law of conservation of energy relates to fuel consumption
Examples: development of hybrid cars, construction of energy-efficient homes