Courses of Study: Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources

Agriculture, Food, and Natural Resources, Grade 9 - 12, Animal Biotechnology, 2009

1.) Describe career opportunities associated with animal biotechnology.

2.) List safety considerations and procedures required for working in animal biotechnology.

Examples: laboratory, biological, chemical, radiation, physical

3.) Trace the historical development of animal biotechnology.

4.) Describe the importance of animal biotechnology to humans, including medical, environmental, and product advancements.

Examples: medical advancements—synthesis of medicines

- environmental advancements—animal disease resistance, pest control

- product advancements—increased yield, disease-resistant animals

5.) Describe advances in biotechnology that enhance the ability of animal immune systems to fight diseases.

•  Identifying differences in disease resistance and susceptibility in commercial animal groups
Examples: animal groups—cattle, swine, poultry, sheep, equine

- diseases—brucellosis, anthrax, bovine encephalitis, coccidiosis, avian pneumonia, streptococcus, equine encephalitis

6.) Describe ways scientific research, consumer preferences, and advances in biotechnology influence animal development and production.

Examples: milk content, egg size, loin eye size

•  Performing a DNA transformation into bacteria using genetic engineering methods
•  Purifying protein from a transformation experiment
7.) Compare cultural and bioethical views of genetic manipulation, including genetic engineering and cloning.

8.) Describe heterogeneity as an important strategy in maintaining health and productivity in animal populations.

•  Describing methods of maintaining heterogeneity in various animal populations
Examples: introduction of nonnative animals, managed breeding

•  Identifying desired characteristics in an animal as homozygous or heterozygous
Examples: coat color, presence of horns, slick hair

•  Explaining the importance of heterosis for increased productivity in commercial herds
•  Recognizing heritable characteristics of animals
Examples: physical structure, chemical composition, behavior

9.) Identify desirable characteristics for an animal population.

Examples: incorporation of heat tolerance into a cattle herd, improvement of weaning weight and milk production

•  Explaining the importance of selective breeding for an animal population
10.) Describe inheritance patterns based on chromosomes, genes, alleles, and gene interaction.

•  Comparing dominate and recessive traits
•  Comparing incomplete dominance and codominance